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Basic First Aid for
Medical Emergencies
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Help! Emergency!
Minutes could
make a difference
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Bleeding
• Stop the flow of blood
• Wear gloves
• Cover the wound
• Apply pressure
• If a body part has
been amputated,
put it on ice
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Heart Attack
• Call for help
• Make victim comfortable
• Loosen tight clothing
• Check for medication
• Keep victim still
• Don’t give stimulants
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Choking
• Ask a person to speak
or cough
• Deliver 5 back blows
• Perform abdominal
thrusts
• Repeat sequence of back
blows and abdominal
thrusts
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
If Abdominal
Thrusts Don’t Work
• Call 911
• Finger sweep
• Abdominal thrusts
• Check ABCs
• Perform CPR if
not breathing
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Electrical Shock
Don’t touch!
Turn power off
Call for help
Remove person
from live wire
Check for breathing
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Eye Injuries
• Splashes
• Particles in eye
• Blow to eye
• Cuts near eye
• Penetrating objects
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Burns
• First-degree burns—Reddened, painful skin
• Second-degree burns—Blistering
• Third-degree burns—Charring, deep tissue damage
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
• Eyes
• Skin
• Inhalation
• Ingestion
Exposure to
Hazardous Materials
• Eyes
• Skin
• Inhalation
• Ingestion
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Broken Bones
• Look
• Ask
• Treat for shock
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Heat Exhaustion
• Move to cool place
• Lay victim down
• Elevate feet
• Loosen clothing
• Give fluids
• Apply cool compresses
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Fainting
• Check for breathing
• Administer CPR if
necessary
• Call 911 if more than
a few minutes
• If conscious, lay the
victim down with feet
elevated
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Do you understand first-aid
procedures for:
• Eye injuries?
• Burns?
• Exposure to hazardous
materials?
• Broken bones?
• Heat exhaustion and
heatstroke?
• Fainting?
• Epileptic seizures?
Review
Do you understand first-aid
procedures for:
• Eye injuries?
• Burns?
• Exposure to hazardous
materials?
• Broken bones?
• Heat exhaustion and
heatstroke?
• Fainting?
• Epileptic seizures?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
Key Points to Remember
Medical emergencies can happen anytime.
Act quickly, calmly, and correctly.
Consider being certified in first aid
and CPR.

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Basic_First_Aid.ppt

  • 1. Basic First Aid for Medical Emergencies
  • 2. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Help! Emergency! Minutes could make a difference © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 3. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Bleeding • Stop the flow of blood • Wear gloves • Cover the wound • Apply pressure • If a body part has been amputated, put it on ice © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 4. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Heart Attack • Call for help • Make victim comfortable • Loosen tight clothing • Check for medication • Keep victim still • Don’t give stimulants
  • 5. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Choking • Ask a person to speak or cough • Deliver 5 back blows • Perform abdominal thrusts • Repeat sequence of back blows and abdominal thrusts
  • 6. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 If Abdominal Thrusts Don’t Work • Call 911 • Finger sweep • Abdominal thrusts • Check ABCs • Perform CPR if not breathing
  • 7. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Electrical Shock Don’t touch! Turn power off Call for help Remove person from live wire Check for breathing © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 8. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Eye Injuries • Splashes • Particles in eye • Blow to eye • Cuts near eye • Penetrating objects © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 9. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Burns • First-degree burns—Reddened, painful skin • Second-degree burns—Blistering • Third-degree burns—Charring, deep tissue damage © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 10. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 • Eyes • Skin • Inhalation • Ingestion Exposure to Hazardous Materials • Eyes • Skin • Inhalation • Ingestion
  • 11. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Broken Bones • Look • Ask • Treat for shock © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 12. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Heat Exhaustion • Move to cool place • Lay victim down • Elevate feet • Loosen clothing • Give fluids • Apply cool compresses © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • 13. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Fainting • Check for breathing • Administer CPR if necessary • Call 911 if more than a few minutes • If conscious, lay the victim down with feet elevated
  • 14. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Do you understand first-aid procedures for: • Eye injuries? • Burns? • Exposure to hazardous materials? • Broken bones? • Heat exhaustion and heatstroke? • Fainting? • Epileptic seizures? Review Do you understand first-aid procedures for: • Eye injuries? • Burns? • Exposure to hazardous materials? • Broken bones? • Heat exhaustion and heatstroke? • Fainting? • Epileptic seizures?
  • 15. © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110 Key Points to Remember Medical emergencies can happen anytime. Act quickly, calmly, and correctly. Consider being certified in first aid and CPR.