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Jerome bruner


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Jerome bruner

  2. 2. HIS THEORY  Focuses on learners’ background knowledge.  Students have to relate the new experiences they obtain to their own previous knowledge  Interest in the material to be learned is the best stimulus to learning, rather than competitive advantage.  Language serves to mediate between environmental stimuli and the individual's response.
  3. 3. THREE MODES OF REPRESENTATION: Enactive representation. Iconic representation. Symbolic representation. These are the way in which information or knowledge are stored and encoded in memory.
  4. 4. ICONIC (1 - 6 years) This is where information is stored visually in the form of images. ENACTIVE (0 - 1 YEARS) It involves encoding action based information and storing it in our memory. SYMBOLIC (7 + years) This is where information is stored in the form of a code or symbol, such as language.
  5. 5. THE IMPORTANCE OF LANGUAGE Language is important for the increased ability to deal with abstract concepts. Bruner argues that language can code stimuli and free an individual from the constraints to provide flexible cognition.
  6. 6. EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS It is to facilitate a child's thinking and problem solving skills which can then be transferred to a range of situations. Bruner proposes that learners’ construct their own knowledge.
  7. 7. BRUNER AND VYGOTSKY Both emphasize a child's social environment They agree that adults should play an active role in assisting the child's learning.
  8. 8. BRUNER AND PIAGET Bruner states that what determines the level of intellectual development is the extent to which the child has been given appropriate instruction together with practice or experience Although Bruner proposes stages of cognitive development, he doesn’t see them as representing different separate modes of thought at different points of development (like Piaget)