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Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) in the Global South: An overview

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Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) in the Global South:
An overview for Dutch HBO-I Academic Visit to the University of Cape Town on March 2015

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Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) in the Global South: An overview

  1. 1. Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams Overview for Dutch HBO-I Academic Visit University of Cape Town 11 March 2015 Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) in the Global South: An overview
  2. 2.  Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others (e.g. Creative Commons) (adapted from Smith & Casserly 2006: 8). Free videos Any learner or teacher What are OER? Free lecture notes
  3. 3. OER: Examples of OER international repositories
  4. 4. OER: Examples of OER South African repositories
  5. 5. . OER vs Materials on the internet OER  Intentional contribution of teaching, learning and research materials for others to access freely and reuse legally Internet  Visibility of all types of materials for others to access freely that are copyrighted by default
  6. 6. Hodgkinson-Williams & Gray (2009:110) & Hodgkinson-Williams (2014) Copy Customise (e.g. translate, add local content) Combine (e.g. select and mix content) Contribute (e.g. share locally & with the world) OER: Degrees of openness
  7. 7. OER: Degrees of openness Copy Copy & Contribute Copy Customise Combine & Contribute Increasingopenness Maximum dissemination (Adapted from Burgos & Ramírez 2011:6)
  8. 8. Dr. Jane-Frances Agbu is the Head of the newly created Open Educational Resources – Massive Open Online Courses (OER- MOOC) Unit at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN). With funding from the European Union, UNESCO is assisting the university in transforming all the courses into open-licensed Open Educational Resources (OERs) as well as open-licensed Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) to attract very large numbers of young Nigerians to access high- quality higher education. With over 180,000 enrolled students, NOUN is the 2nd largest university in Africa with 1,500 courses at Bachelors, Masters, and PhD level. Dr Robert Schuwer. Lector OER Fontys Hogeschool ICT. Formally from the Open Universiteit Nederland
  9. 9. Google Trends 8 March 2015 Global – Web searches Interest in OER over time MOOCs Open Content OER Open Textbooks Learning Objects
  10. 10. https://oerresearchhub.files.wordpress.com/201 4/11/oerrh-evidence-report-2014.pdf What do we know about OER?
  11. 11. http://oermap.org/oer-evidence-map/ What do we know about OER in the world?
  12. 12. http://oermap.org/oer-evidence-map/# Claims made about the potential of OER to address key challenges in developing countries to: • increase access to higher education • contain or reduce costs • enhance quality, currency & relevance BUT, most of the research on OER adoption and impact has been undertaken in the “Global North” Dearth of OER evidence in the Global South
  13. 13. In what ways, and under what circumstances, can the adoption of OER impact upon the increasing demand for accessible, relevant, high-quality, and affordable education in the Global South? Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D)
  14. 14. In what ways, and under what circumstances, can the adoption of OER impact upon the increasing demand for accessible, relevant, high-quality, and affordable education in the Global South? Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) ADOPTION STUDIES 1. In what ways, and under what circumstances are OER being adopted in the Global South?
  15. 15. In what ways, and under what circumstances, can the adoption of OER impact upon the increasing demand for accessible, relevant, high-quality, and affordable education in the Global South? Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) ADOPTION STUDIES 1. In what ways, and under what circumstances are OER being adopted in the Global South? IMPACT STUDIES 2. In what ways, and under what circumstances can OER adoption impact upon the increasing demand for accessible, relevant, high-quality, and affordable education in the Global South?
  16. 16. International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Open Society Foundations (OSF) UK Department for International Development (DFID) 3 year project (27 Aug 2013 - 27 Aug 2016 with an extension to Feb 2017) Grant 1 - IDRC CAD 2 million & OSF Grant 2 - DFID CAD 500,000 3 Regions  South America  Sub-Saharan Africa  Central, South & South-East Asia  18 research projects in 7 clusters IDRC OSF DFID ROER4D Funding
  17. 17. ROER4D Network hub OER Desktop overview (1) Survey of OER adoption by academics & students (1) Academics’ adoption of OER (2) Teacher educators’ adoption of OER (3) OER adoption in one country (1) OER impact studies (7+1) Baseline educational expenditure (2) Overview of ROER4D’s 7 Project Clusters
  18. 18. • 18 Sub-Projects • 26 Countries • 86 Researchers & associates • 16 Time zones
  19. 19. Knowledge building Research capacity Networking 1. Build an empirical knowledge base on the use and impact of OER in education 2. Develop the research capacity of OER researchers 3. Build a network of OER scholars 5. Communicate research to inform education policy and practice ROER4D Objectives 4. Curate research openly Curation Research capacity Communication
  20. 20. Leadership Management Communication Curation Networking Research capacity Specific objectives Enabling objectives ROER4D Evaluation Knowledge building E V A L U A T I O N Visible Less visible
  21. 21. Open Research – ROER4D intentions to share Conceptual Framework/s Methods Instrument questions Data Analysis tools Findings Proposal Literature Review Research process OER Asia NEW Open project  
  22. 22. Project events Resources SlideShare Blog Twitter Facebook Page CMS (Vula) Website Email Virtual meetings (Skype, Adobe Connect) Internal communications External communications Conferences ROER4D Communications overview OpenUCT repositoryNewsletter
  23. 23. ROER4D Website http://roer4d.org
  24. 24. ROER4D Open Magna Carta Make open … … if it adds value … if it is ethical … if it is legal … by default http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta#mediaviewer/File:Magna_Carta_(1297_version_with_seal,_owned_by_David_M_Rubenstein).png On public display in the West Rotunda Gallery of the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C
  25. 25. Funding Partners Dr Matthew Smith IDRC Ed Barney UK Aid – DFID Melissa Hagemann OSF Network Project Team Prof Cheryl Hodgkinson- Williams Principal Investigator Prof Patricia Arinto Deputy Principal Investigator Tess Cartmill Full-time Project Manager Henry Trotter Part-time Researcher Thomas King Part-time Research Administrator Rondine Carstens Contract Graphic Artist Tinashe Makwande Contract Videographer UCT Support Prof Danie Visser Deputy Vice- Chancellor Project signatory for UCT Keval Harie Contracts Lawyer Prof Laura Czerniewicz CILT Director Shirley Rix & David Worth Finance administrators Advisory Group Prof Raj Dhanarajan Former VC & Emeritus Professor Prof Fred Mulder Former VC & Emeritus Professor Carolina Rossini IP Contracts lawyer Dr Savithri Singh College Principal Prof Stavros Xanthopoylos Director FGV Mentors Ineke Buskens Qualitative Research Consultant Dr David Porter Researcher Dr George Sciadas Statistician Communication & Evaluation Sukaina Walji Sarah Goodier OER Impact Project Team Prof Raj Dhanarajan & Maria Ng Principal Investigators – OER Impact Suan Choo Khoo & Vivien Chiam Administrative Officers ROER4D Network Team Advisor from the Netherlands
  26. 26. ROER4D Network (86 researchers) Sub-Project 2 (32) Prof Jose Dutra University of Sao Paulo 2 part-time research assistants & 27 local coordinators Judith Pete College, Kenya Prof Daryono Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia Sub-Project 1 (7) Mariana Eguren, Peru Maryla Bialobrzeska, Jenny Louw, Ephraim Mlanga, Catherine Ngugi & Rosemary Juma, SAIDE, South Africa Prof Raj Dhanarajan Wawasan Open University Sub-Project 3 (3) Prof Sanjaya Mishra COL, Vancouver, Dr Ramesh Sharma, alka Singh, CEMCA, India Sub-Project 4 (2) Glenda Cox Henry Trotter, UCT, South Africa Sub-Project 6 (3) Pilar Saenz Dr Ulises Hernandez Marcela Hernandez, Karisma Foundation, Colombia Sub-Project 5 (2) Guru Kasinathan Ranjani Ranganathan IT for Change, Bangalore, India Sub-Project 7 (3) Prof Mohan Menon, Bhandigadi Phalachandra & Jasmine Emmanuel Wawasan Open University, Malaysia Sub-Project 8 (1) Batbold Zagdragchaa New Policy Unit, Ulanbataar, Mongolia Sub-Project 9 (3) Werner Westermann, Juan Muggli, Victor Barragan Chile Sub-Project 11 (1) Sarah Goodier UCT, South Africa Sub-Project 12 (2) Carolina Botero & Amalia Toledo Karisma Foundation, Colombia Sub-Project 10.1 (3) Dr Freda Wolfenden Dr Alison Buckler & Pritee Auckloo Open University, UK Sub-Project 10.2 (5) Dr Atieno Adala, Therrezinha Fernandes, Marilena Cabral, Tom Ojwang, Sophia Alexandre AVU, Kenya Sub-Project 10.3 (7) Prof Laura Czerniewicz, Sukaina Walji, Michael Glover, Cheryl Brown, Janet Small, Andrew Deacon, Mary- Ann Fife, University of Cape Town Sub-Project 10.4 (2) Lauryn Oates, Rahim Parwani CW4AW, Afghanistan Sub-Project 10.5 (4) Dr Yasira Waqar, Prof Naveed Malik, Saba Khalil, Sana Shams Sub-Project 10.6 (2) Dr Shironica Karunanayaka, Som Naidu, Open University of Sri Lanka Sub-Project 10.7 (4) Dr Sheila Bonito, Charisse Reyes, Rita Ramos, Joane Serrano Open University of the Philippines
  27. 27. References Burgos, J. V., & Ramírez, M. S. (2011). Innovative experiences of Open Educational Resources towards academic knowledge mobilization: Latin-American context. Proceedings of OpenCourseWare Consortium Global 2011: Celebrating 10 Years of OpenCourseWare. Cambridge, MA. Retrieved from http://www.ruv.itesm.mx/convenio/catedra/recursos/material/ci_34.pdf [Last accessed 8 March 2015]. Hodgkinson-Williams, C. & Gray, E. (2009). Degrees of openness: The emergence of open educational resources at the University of Cape Town. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, 5(5), 101-116. Available online: https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/8860 [Last Accessed 23 January 2015]. Hodgkinson-Williams, C. A. (2014). Degrees of Ease: Adoption of OER, OpenTextbooks and MOOCs in the Global South. Keynote address at the OER Asia Symposium 2014. Available online: https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/1188 [Last accessed 3 March 2015] Smith M. & Casserly C. (2006) The Promise of Open Educational Resources. Available online: http://learn.creativecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/changearticle.pdf [Last accessed 4 March 2014]
  28. 28. Links Website: www.roer4d.org Contact Principal Invesigator: cheryl.hodgkinson-williams@uct.ac.za Follow us: http://twitter.com/roer4D Presentations: www.slideshare.com/roer4D
  29. 29. Thank you! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Written by Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams, Henry Trotter, Tess Cartmill, Sukaina Walji, Sarah Goodier & Thomas King Contact: cheryl.hodgkinson-williams@uct.ac.za Graphics by Rondine Carstens rondine.carstens@uct.ac.za, Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams & Henry Trotter henry.trotter@uct.ac.za

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