60%                                                                                                                       ...
Primary Authors:KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATIONGary ClaxtonMatthew RaeNirmita PanchalJanet LundyAnthony DamicoHealth Research & E...
t h e k a i s e r fa m i ly f o u n dat i o n                  - AND -         HEALTH RESEAR C H &        EDU C ATIONAL TR...
T a b l e             o f            C o nt e nt sList of Exhibits                                                        ...
L i s t         o f            E x h i b i t s     S u r v e y D e s i g n and M e t h o d s                         Exhib...
Exhibit 2.7                                                         40                 Exhibit 3.6                        ...
W o r k e r and E m p loy e r                                    Exhibit 6.12                                             ...
Exhibit 6.24                                                        88                 Exhibit 7.9                        ...
Exhibit 7.19                                       109                Exhibit 7.29                                        ...
Exhibit 8.4                                                       129                  Exhibit 8.15                       ...
Exhibit 9.7                                        147                  Exhibit 10.10                                     ...
Exhibit 12.3                                                       173                         H e a lt h R e f o r m     ...
E m p loy e r O p i n i o n s and                                Exhibit 14.3                                             ...
Summary of Findings      E mployer - sponsored insurance is the leading source of health insurance , covering about 150 mi...
E x h i b i t  B   Average Annual Firm and Worker Premium Contributions and Total Premiums for Covered Workers   for Singl...
Exhibit C   Distribution of Premiums for Single and Family Coverage Relative to the Average Annual Single or Family Premiu...
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Kaiser family employer insurance

  1. 1. 60% Employer Health Benefits $5,4 2 9 T he K aiser F amil y F o u ndation $ 15,073 - AND - H ealth R esearch & E d u cational T r u st 2011 A Employer nn u Health al S u r v e y Benefits -and- The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Health Research & Educational Trust 2011 T he K Headquarters 155 North Wacker 2400 Sand Hill Road Suite 400 Annual Survey Menlo Park, CA 94025 Chicago, IL 60606 aiser F Phone 650-854-9400 Fax 650-854-4800 Phone 312-422-2600 Fax 312-422-4568 amil y F o u Washington Offices and www.hret.org Barbara Jordan Conference Center 2011 1330 G Street, NW ndation Washington, DC 20005 - Phone 202-347-5270 Fax 202-347-5274 and - H www.kff.org ealth R esearch & E d u This publication (#8225) is available on the Kaiser Family Foundation’s website at www.kff.org. - a n d- Multiple copies may be obtained from HRET by calling 1-800-242-2626 (order #097525). cational T r u stSeptember 2011
  2. 2. Primary Authors:KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATIONGary ClaxtonMatthew RaeNirmita PanchalJanet LundyAnthony DamicoHealth Research & Educational TrustAwo Osei-AntoKevin KenwardNORC at the University of ChicagoHeidi WhitmoreJeremy PickreignThe Kaiser Family Foundation, a leader in health policy analysis, health journalism and communication, is dedicatedto filling the need for trusted, independent information on the major health issues facing our nation and its people.The Foundation is a non-profit private operating foundation, based in Menlo Park, California.Founded in 1944, the Health Research & Educational Trust (HRET) is a private, not-for-profit organization involvedin research, education, and demonstration programs addressing health management and policy issues. An affiliate ofthe American Hospital Association (AHA), HRET collaborates with health care, government, academic, business, andcommunity organizations across the United States to conduct research and disseminate findings that shape the futureof health care. For more information about HRET, visit www.hret.org.NORC at the University of Chicago is an independent research organization headquartered in downtown Chicagowith additional offices on the University of Chicagos campus and in the D.C. Metro area. NORC also supportsa nationwide field staff as well as international research operations. With clients throughout the world, NORCcollaborates with government agencies, foundations, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, and businessesto provide data and analysis that support informed decision making in key areas including health, education,economics, crime, justice, energy, security, and the environment. NORC’s 70 years of leadership and experience in datacollection, analysis, and dissemination—coupled with deep subject matter expertise—provides the foundation foreffective solutions.Copyright © 2011 Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, California, and Health Research & Educational Trust,Chicago, Illinois. All rights reserved.Printed in the United States of America.ISBN: 978-0-87258-895-0American Hospital Association/Health Research & Educational Trust Catalog Number 097525.
  3. 3. t h e k a i s e r fa m i ly f o u n dat i o n - AND - HEALTH RESEAR C H & EDU C ATIONAL TRUST Employer Health Benefits 2011 Annual Survey -and-
  4. 4. T a b l e o f C o nt e nt sList of Exhibits vS u m m a r y o f F i nd i n g s 1S u r v e y D e s i g n and M e t h o d s 9s e ct i o n 1 Cost of Health Insurance 19S e ct i o n 2 Health Benefits Offer Rates 33S e ct i o n 3 Employee Coverage, Eligibility, and Participation 43S e ct i o n 4 Types of Plans Offered 53S e ct i o n 5 Market Shares of Health Plans 59S e ct i o n 6 Worker and Employer Contributions for Premiums 63S e ct i o n 7 Employee Cost Sharing 91S e ct i o n 8 High-Deductible Health Plans with Savings Option 123S e ct i o n 9 Prescription Drug Benefits 139S e ct i o n 10 Plan Funding 149S e ct i o n 11 Retiree Health Benefits 159S e ct i o n 12 Wellness Programs and Health Risk Assessments 167S e ct i o n 13 Health Reform 181S e ct i o n 14 Employer Opinions and Health Plan Practices 193 iii T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  5. 5. L i s t o f E x h i b i t s S u r v e y D e s i g n and M e t h o d s Exhibit 1.9 29 Distribution of Annual Premiums forExhibit M.1: 15 Covered Workers with Single Coverage, 2011 Selected Characteristics of Firms in the Survey Sample, 2011 Exhibit 1.10 29 Distribution of Annual Premiums forExhibit M.2 16 Covered Workers with Family Coverage, 2011 Distribution of Employers, Workers, and Workers Covered by Health Benefits, Exhibit 1.11 30 by Firm Size, 2011 Average Annual Premiums for Single and Family Coverage, 1999–2011Exhibit M.3 17 States by Region, 2011 Exhibit 1.12 31 Average Annual Premiums for Covered Co s t o f H e a lt h In s u r anc e Workers with Family Coverage, by Firm Size, 1999–2011Exhibit 1.1 21 Average Monthly and Annual Premiums Exhibit 1.13 31 for Covered Workers, Single and Family Average Annual Premiums for Covered Coverage, by Plan Type, 2011 Workers with Family Coverage, by Firm Size, 1999–2011Exhibit 1.2 22 Average Monthly and Annual Premiums Exhibit 1.14 32 for Covered Workers, by Plan Type and Among Workers in Large Firms (200 or Firm Size, 2011 More Workers), Average Annual Health Insurance Premiums for Family Coverage,Exhibit 1.3 23 by Funding Arrangement, 1999–2011 Average Monthly and Annual Premiums for Covered Workers, by Plan Type and H e a lt h B e n e f i t s O f f e r Rat e s Region, 2011 Exhibit 2.1 36Exhibit 1.4 24 Percentage of Firms Offering Health Benefits, Average Monthly and Annual Premiums 1999–2011 for Covered Workers, by Plan Type and Industry, 2011 Exhibit 2.2 36 Percentage of Firms Offering Health Benefits,Exhibit 1.5 26 by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Average Annual Premiums for Covered Workers with Single Coverage, by Firm Exhibit 2.3 37 Characteristics, 2011 Percentage of Firms Offering Health Benefits, by Firm Size, Region, and Industry, 2011Exhibit 1.6 27 Average Annual Premiums for Covered Exhibit 2.4 38 Workers with Family Coverage, by Firm Percentage of Firms Offering Health Benefits, Characteristics, 2011 by Firm Characteristics, 2011Exhibit 1.7 28 Exhibit 2.5 39 Distribution of Annual Premiums for Single Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, and Family Coverage Relative to the Average Percentage That Offer Health Benefits to Part- Annual Single or Family Premium, 2011 Time Workers, by Firm Size, 1999–2011Exhibit 1.8 28 Exhibit 2.6 39 Distribution of Premiums for Single and Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Family Coverage Relative to the Average Percentage That Offer Health Benefits to Annual Single or Family Premium, 2011 Temporary Workers, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 v T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  6. 6. Exhibit 2.7 40 Exhibit 3.6 51 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Eligibility, Take-Up Rate, and Coverage Percentage That Offer Health Benefits for Workers in Firms Offering Health Benefits, to Part-Time Workers, by Firm Size, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 1999–2011 Exhibit 3.7 52 Exhibit 2.8 41 Percentage of Covered Workers in Firms Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, with a Waiting Period for Coverage and Percentage That Offer Health Benefits Average Waiting Period in Months, to Temporary Workers, by Firm Size, by Firm Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 1999–2011 Exhibit 3.8 52 Exhibit 2.9 41 Distribution of Covered Workers with the Among Small Firms (3–199 Workers) Following Waiting Periods for Coverage, 2011 Not Offering Health Benefits, Reasons for Not Offering, 2011 T y p e s o f P l an s O f f e r e d Exhibit 2.10 42 Exhibit 4.1 55 Among Small Firms (3–199 Workers) Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Not Offering Health Benefits, Employer Percentage of Firms That Offer One, Two, Beliefs about Employees’ Preferences or Three or More Plan Types, by Firm Size, for Higher Wages or Health Insurance 2011‡ Benefits, 2003–2011 Exhibit 4.2 56 Exhibit 2.11 42 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Among Small Firms (3–199 Workers) Percentage of Covered Workers in Firms Not Offering Health Benefits, Percentage Offering One, Two, or Three or More Plan That Report the Following Activities Types, by Firm Size, 2011‡ Regarding Health Benefits, by Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 4.3 57 E m p loy e e Co v e r ag e , Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Firms That Offer the E l i g i b i l i t y, and Pa r t i c i pat i o n Following Plan Types, by Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 3.1 46 Exhibit 4.4 57 Percentage of All Workers Covered Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, by Their Employers’ Health Benefits, Percentage of Covered Workers in Firms in Firms Both Offering and Not Offering That Offer the Following Plan Types, Health Benefits, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 by Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 3.2 47 Exhibit 4.5 58 Eligibility, Take-Up Rate, and Coverage Among Firms Offering Only One Type in Firms Offering Health Benefits, of Health Plan, Percentage of Covered by Firm Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 Workers in Firms That Offer the Following Exhibit 3.3 48 Plan Type, by Firm Size, 2011 Among Workers in Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Workers Eligible Ma r k e t S h a r e s o f H e a lt h P l an s for Health Benefits Offered by Their Firm, by Firm Characteristics, 2011 Exhibit 5.1 61 Distribution of Health Plan Enrollment Exhibit 3.4 49 for Covered Workers, by Plan Type, Among Workers in Firms Offering Health 1988–2011 Benefits, Percentage of Eligible Workers Who Take Up Health Benefits Offered by Their Exhibit 5.2 62 Firm, by Firm Characteristics, 2011 Distribution of Health Plan Enrollment for Covered Workers, by Firm Size, Region, Exhibit 3.5 50 and Industry, 2011 Among Workers in Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Workers Covered by Health Benefits Offered by Their Firm, by Firm Characteristics, 2011vi T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  7. 7. W o r k e r and E m p loy e r Exhibit 6.12 77 Co nt r i b u t i o n s f o r P r e m i u m s Average Monthly and Annual Worker Premium Contributions Paid by CoveredExhibit 6.1 66 Workers for Single and Family Coverage, Average Percentage of Premium Paid by Plan Type and Region, 2011 by Covered Workers for Single and Family Coverage, 1999–2011 Exhibit 6.13 78 Average Monthly Worker PremiumExhibit 6.2 67 Contributions Paid by Covered Workers Average Monthly Worker Premium for Single and Family Coverage, by Plan Type, Contributions Paid by Covered Workers 1999–2011 for Single and Family Coverage, 1999–2011 Exhibit 6.14 78Exhibit 6.3 68 Distribution of Worker Premium Average Annual Worker and Employer Contributions for Single and Family Coverage Contributions to Premiums and Total Relative to the Average Annual Worker Premiums for Single Coverage, 1999–2011 Premium Contribution, 2011Exhibit 6.4 69 Exhibit 6.15 79 Average Annual Worker and Employer Distribution of Percentage of Premium Contributions to Premiums and Total Paid by Covered Workers for Single and Premiums for Family Coverage, 1999–2011 Family Coverage, 2002–2011Exhibit 6.5 70 Exhibit 6.16 80 Average Annual Firm and Worker Distribution of Percentage of Premium Premium Contributions and Total Premiums Paid by Covered Workers for Single Coverage, for Covered Workers for Single and Family by Firm Size, 2002–2011 Coverage, by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 6.17 81Exhibit 6.6 71 Distribution of Percentage of Premium Average Annual Worker Contributions Paid by Covered Workers for Family Coverage, for Covered Workers with Single Coverage, by Firm Size, 2002–2011 by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Exhibit 6.18 82Exhibit 6.7 72 Distribution of the Percentage of Total Average Annual Worker Contributions Premium Paid by Covered Workers for Single for Covered Workers with Family Coverage, and Family Coverage, by Wage Level, 2011 by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Exhibit 6.19 83Exhibit 6.8 73 Average Percentage of Premium Paid Average Annual Worker Premium by Covered Workers for Single Coverage, Contributions Paid by Covered Workers by Firm Characteristics, 2011 for Single and Family Coverage, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Exhibit 6.20 84 Average Percentage of Premium PaidExhibit 6.9 74 by Covered Workers for Family Coverage, Average Annual Firm and Worker by Firm Characteristics, 2011 Premium Contributions and Total Premiums for Covered Workers for Single Coverage, Exhibit 6.21 85 by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 Average Percentage of Premium Paid by Covered Workers for Single and FamilyExhibit 6.10 75 Coverage, by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 Average Annual Firm and Worker Premium Contributions and Total Premiums Exhibit 6.22 86 for Covered Workers for Family Coverage, Average Percentage of Premium Paid by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 by Covered Workers for Single and Family Coverage, by Plan Type, 1999–2011Exhibit 6.11 76 Average Monthly and Annual Worker Exhibit 6.23 87 Premium Contributions Paid by Covered Average Percentage of Premium Paid Workers for Single and Family Coverage, by Covered Workers for Single and Family by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 Coverage, by Plan Type and Region, 2011 vii T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  8. 8. Exhibit 6.24 88 Exhibit 7.9 102 Average Percentage of Premium Paid Percentage of Covered Workers with Single by Covered Workers, by Plan Type and Coverage Enrolled in High Deductible Plans Industry, 2011 without Saving Options, by Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 6.25 90 Exhibit 7.10 103 Among Firms with Fewer than 20 Employees, Among Covered Workers with a Variations in Premiums and Firm Premium General Annual Health Plan Deductible Contributions for Single Coverage, 2011 for Single PPO Coverage, Distribution of Deductibles, 2006–2011 E m p loy e e Co s t S h a r i n g Exhibit 7.11 103 Exhibit 7.1 96 Among Covered Workers with a Percentage of Covered Workers with General Annual Health Plan Deductible No General Annual Health Plan Deductible for Single POS Coverage, Distribution for Single and Family Coverage, by Plan Type of Deductibles, 2006–2011 and Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 7.12 104 Exhibit 7.2 97 Distribution of Type of General Annual Among Covered Workers with No General Deductible for Covered Workers with Family Annual Health Plan Deductible for Single Coverage, by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 and Family Coverage, Percentage Who Exhibit 7.13 105 Have the Following Types of Cost Sharing, Among Covered Workers with a by Plan Type, 2011‡ General Annual Health Plan Deductible, Exhibit 7.3 98 Average Deductibles for Family Coverage, Among Covered Workers with a by Deductible Type, Plan Type, and General Annual Health Plan Deductible Firm Size, 2011 for Single Coverage, Average Deductible, Exhibit 7.14 106 by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 Among Covered Workers with a General Exhibit 7.4 99 Annual Health Plan Deductible for Family Among Covered Workers with a Coverage, Average Aggregate Deductible, General Annual Health Plan Deductible by Plan Type, 2006–2011 for Single Coverage, Average Deductible, Exhibit 7.15 106 by Plan Type and Region, 2011 Among Covered Workers with a General Exhibit 7.5 100 Annual Health Plan Deductible for Family Among Covered Workers with a Coverage, Distribution of Deductibles, General Annual Health Plan Deductible by Plan Type and Deductible Type, 2011 for Single Coverage, Average Deductible, Exhibit 7.16 107 by Plan Type, 2006–2011 Among Covered Workers with a Separate Exhibit 7.6 100 per Person General Annual Health Plan Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Deductible for Family Coverage, Distribution in a Plan with a High General Annual of Maximum Number of Family Members Deductible for Single Coverage, Required to Meet the Deductible, By Firm Size, 2011 by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 7.7 101 Exhibit 7.17 108 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Among Covered Workers with an Aggregate in a Plan with a General Annual Deductible General Annual Health Plan Deductible for of $1,000 or More for Single Coverage, Family Coverage, Distribution of Aggregate By Firm Size, 2006–2011 Deductibles, by Plan Type, 2006–2011 Exhibit 7.8 102 Exhibit 7.18 109 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Among Covered Workers with a General in a Plan with a General Annual Deductible Annual Health Plan Deductible, Percentage of $2,000 or More for Single Coverage, with Coverage for the Following Services By Firm Size, 2006–2011 without Having to First Meet the Deductible, by Plan Type, 2011viii T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  9. 9. Exhibit 7.19 109 Exhibit 7.29 118 Distribution of Covered Workers Percentage of Covered Workers without an With Separate Cost Sharing for a Hospital Annual Out-of-Pocket Maximum for Single Admission in Addition to Any General Annual and Family Coverage, by Plan Type, 2011 Deductible, by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 7.30 118Exhibit 7.20 110 Among Covered Workers with an Annual Distribution of Covered Workers with Out-of-Pocket Maximum, Percentage Separate Cost Sharing for an Outpatient Who’s Spending on Various Services Does Surgery Episode in Addition to Any General Not Count Towards the Out-of-Pocket Annual Deductible, by Plan Type, 2011 Maximum, 2011Exhibit 7.21 111 Exhibit 7.31 119 Among Covered Workers with Separate Among Covered Workers with an Cost Sharing for a Hospital Admission or Out-of-Pocket Maximum for Single Coverage, Outpatient Surgery Episode in Addition Distribution of Out-of-Pocket Maximums, to Any General Annual Deductible, Average by Plan Type, 2011 Cost Sharing, by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 7.32 120Exhibit 7.22 112 Distribution of Type of Out-of-Pocket In Addition to Any General Annual Plan Maximum for Covered Workers with Family Deductible, Percentage of Covered Workers Coverage, by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 with the Following Types of Cost Sharing for Physician Office Visits, by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 7.33 121 Among Covered Workers with an AggregateExhibit 7.23 113 Out-of-Pocket Maximum for Family Among Covered Workers with Copayments Coverage, Distribution of Out-of-Pocket and/or Coinsurance for In-Network Physician Maximums, by Plan Type, 2011 Office Visits, Average Copayments and Coinsurance, by Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 7.34 122 Among Covered Workers with a Separate perExhibit 7.24 114 Person Out-of-Pocket Maximum for Family Among Covered Workers with Copayments Coverage, Distribution of Out-of-Pocket for a Physician Office Visit with a Primary Maximums, by Plan Type, 2011 Care Physician, Distribution of Copayments, by Plan Type, 2006–2011 Exhibit 7.35 122 Among Covered Workers with a SeparateExhibit 7.25 115 per Person Out-of-Pocket Maximum Among Covered Workers with Copayments for Family Coverage, Distribution of Number for a Physician Office Visit with a Specialty of Family Members Required to Meet Care Physician, Distribution of Copayments, the Maximum, by Plan Type, 2011 by Plan Type, 2006–2011 H i g h - D e d u ct i b l e H e a lt h P l an sExhibit 7.26 116 Among Covered Workers with Copayments w i t h Sav i n g s O p t i o n for a Physician Office Visit, Distribution Exhibit 8.1 128 of Copayments, 2006–2011 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits,Exhibit 7.27 117 Percentage That Offer an HDHP/HRA Among Covered Workers in HMOs and/or an HSA-Qualified HDHP, 2005–2011 with Copayments for a Physician Office Exhibit 8.2 128 Visit, Distribution of Percentage of Workers Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, with Various Copayments, 1999–2011 Percentage That Offer an HDHP/SO,Exhibit 7.28 117 by Firm Size, 2011 Among Covered Workers with Coinsurance Exhibit 8.3 129 for Physician Office Visits, Distribution of Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Various Coinsurance Rates, by Plan Type, 2011 Percentage That Offer an HDHP/SO, by Firm Size, 2005–2011 ix T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  10. 10. Exhibit 8.4 129 Exhibit 8.15 135 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Distribution of Firm Contributions in an HDHP/HRA or HSA-Qualified HDHP, to the HRA for Single and Family 2006–2011 Coverage Relative to the Average Annual Firm Contribution to the HRA, 2011 Exhibit 8.5 130 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Exhibit 8.16 136 in an HDHP/HRA or HSA-Qualified HDHP, Distribution of Firm Contributions by Firm Size, 2011 to the HSA for Single and Family Coverage Relative to the Average Annual Firm Exhibit 8.6 130 Contribution to the HSA, 2011 HDHP/HRA and HSA-Qualified HDHP Features for Covered Workers, 2011 Exhibit 8.17 137 Distribution of Covered Workers in Exhibit 8.7 131 HDHP/HRAs and HSA-Qualified HDHPs Average Annual Premiums and Contributions with the Following Types of Cost Sharing to Savings Accounts for Covered Workers in Addition to the General Annual in HDHP/HRAs or HSA-Qualified HDHPs, Deductible, 2011 Compared to All Non-HDHP/SO Plans, 2011 Prescription Drug Benefits Exhibit 8.8 132 Exhibit 9.1 142 Distribution of Covered Workers with Distribution of Covered Workers Facing the Following General Annual Deductible Different Cost-Sharing Formulas for Amounts for Single Coverage, HSA-Qualified Prescription Drug Benefits, 2000–2011 HDHPs and HDHP/HRAs, 2011 Exhibit 9.2 143 Exhibit 8.9 132 Distribution of Covered Workers Facing Among Covered Workers, Distribution Different Cost-Sharing Formulas for of Type of General Annual Deductible Prescription Drug Benefits, by Plan Type, 2011 for Family Coverage, HDHP/HRAs and HSA-Qualified HDHPs, 2011 Exhibit 9.3 144 Among Workers with Three, Four, or Exhibit 8.10 133 More Tiers of Cost Sharing, Distribution Distribution of Covered Workers of Covered Workers with the Following Types with the Following Aggregate Family of Cost Sharing for Prescription Drugs, Deductible Amounts, HDHP/HRAs by Drug and Plan Type, 2011 and HSA-Qualified HDHPs, 2011 Exhibit 9.4 145 Exhibit 8.11 133 Among Covered Workers with Three, Four, Percentage of Covered Workers or More Tiers of Prescription Cost Sharing, with Coverage for the Following Services Average Copayments and Average without Having to First Meet the Deductible, Coinsurance, 2000–2011 HDHP/HRAs and HSA-Qualified HDHPs, by Benefit Type, 2011 Exhibit 9.5 146 Among Workers with Two Tiers of Cost Exhibit 8.12 134 Sharing for Prescription Drugs, Distribution Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially of Covered Workers with the Following or Completely Self-Funded HDHP/HRAs Types of Cost Sharing for Prescription Drugs, and HSA-Qualified HDHPs, 2011 by Drug and Plan Type, 2011 Exhibit 8.13 134 Exhibit 9.6 147 Distribution of Covered Workers Among Covered Workers with Two Tiers with the Following Annual Employer of Prescription Cost Sharing, Average Contributions to their HRA or HSA, Copayments and Average Coinsurance, for Single Coverage, 2011 2000–2011 Exhibit 8.14 135 Distribution of Covered Workers with the Following Annual Employer Contributions to their HRA or HSA, for Family Coverage, 2011x T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  11. 11. Exhibit 9.7 147 Exhibit 10.10 157 Among Workers with the Same Cost Prevalence and Average Retention of Stoploss Sharing Regardless of Type of Drug, Insurance, by Firm Size and Region, 2011 Distribution of Covered Workers with the Following Types of Cost Sharing for Exhibit 10.11 158 Prescription Drugs, by Plan Type, 2011 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled in Partially or Completely Self-Insured PlansExhibit 9.8 148 which Purchase Different Types of Stoploss Among Covered Workers with the Same Insurance, by Firm Size, 2011 Cost Sharing Regardless of Type of Drug, Average Copayments and Average R e t i r e e H e a lt h B e n e f i t s Coinsurance, 2000–2011 Exhibit 11.1 161 P l an F u nd i n g Among All Large Firms (200 or More Workers) Offering Health Benefits to Active Workers,Exhibit 10.1 151 Percentage of Firms Offering Retiree Health Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Benefits, 1988–2011 or Completely Self-Funded Plans, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Exhibit 11.2 162 Among Firms Offering Health BenefitsExhibit 10.2 151 to Active Workers, Percentage of Firms Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Offering Retiree Health Benefits, by Firm or Completely Self-Funded Plans, by Plan Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 Type, 1999–2011 Exhibit 11.3 163Exhibit 10.3 152 Among All Large Firms (200 or More Workers) Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Offering Health Benefits to Active Workers, or Completely Self-Funded Plans, by Firm Percentage of Firms Offering Retiree Health Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 Benefits, by Firm Characteristics, 2011Exhibit 10.4 153 Exhibit 11.4 164 Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Among All Large Firms (200 or More Workers) or Completely Self-Funded Plans, by Plan Offering Health Benefits to Active Workers and Type and Firm Size, 2011 Offering Retiree Coverage, Percentage of Firms Offering Health Benefits to Early and Medicare-Exhibit 10.5 153 Age Retirees, 2000–2011 Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially or Completely Self-Funded HMO Plans, Exhibit 11.5 165 by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Among All Large Firms (200 or More Workers) Offering Health Benefits to Active Workers andExhibit 10.6 154 Offering Retiree Coverage, Percentage of Firms Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Offering Retiree Health Benefits to Early and or Completely Self-Funded PPO Plans, Medicare-Age Retirees, by Firm Size, Region, by Firm Size, 1999–2011 and Industry, 2011Exhibit 10.7 154 Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially W e l l n e s s P r o g r a m s and or Completely Self-Funded POS Plans, H e a lt h R i s k A s s e s s m e nt s by Firm Size, 1999–2011 Exhibit 12.1 171Exhibit 10.8 155 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Covered Workers in Partially Percentage Offering a Particular Wellness or Completely Self-Funded HDHP/SOs, Program to Their Employees, by Firm Size, by Firm Size, 2006–2011 Region, and Industry, 2011Exhibit 10.9 156 Exhibit 12.2 172 Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, in a Partially or Completely Self-Funded Plan Percentage Offering a Particular Wellness Covered by Stoploss Insurance, by Firm Size, Program to Their Employees, by Firm Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 2011 xi T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  12. 12. Exhibit 12.3 173 H e a lt h R e f o r m Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage Offering a Particular Wellness Exhibit 13.1 185 Program to Their Employees, by Firm Size, Percentage of Firms with At Least One Plan Region, and Industry, 2011 Grandfathered under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), by Size, Region and Industry, 2011 Exhibit 12.4 174 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Exhibit 13.2 186 Percentage of Firms with the Following Percentage of Covered Workers Enrolled Features of Wellness Benefits, by Firm Size in Plans Grandfathered under the Affordable and Region, 2011 Care Act (ACA), by Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 Exhibit 12.5 175 Among Firms Offering Health and Exhibit 13.3 187 Wellness Benefits, Percentage of Firms Among Covered Workers in a Non- That Offer Specific Incentives to Employees Grandfathered Health Plan, Reasons Who Participate in Wellness Programs, Why Plan is not a Grandfathered Health Plan, by Firm Size and Region, 2011 by Firm Size, 2011 Exhibit 12.6 176 Exhibit 13.4 188 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits Percentage of Firms Offering Family and Wellness Programs, Percentage That Use Coverage Who Enrolled Adult Children up Specific Methods to Identify Individuals and to 26 Years of Age as Dependents Because Encourage Participation in Wellness Programs, of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), 2011 by Firm Size, Region, and Industry, 2011 Exhibit 13.5 189 Exhibit 12.7 177 Among Firms Who Enrolled Adult Among Firms Offering Health Benefits Dependents Due to the Affordable Care and Wellness Programs, Percentage of Firms Act (ACA), the Average Number of Adult Reporting the Following as the Firm’s Primary Children Enrolled, 2011 Reason for Offering Wellness Programs, Exhibit 13.6 189 by Firm Size, 2011 Among Covered Workers, Changes Exhibit 12.8 178 to Cost Sharing for Preventive Services Among Firms Offering Health Benefits and Because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Wellness Programs, Percentage of Firms That by Firm Size, 2011 Think Offering Wellness Programs is Effective Exhibit 13.7 190 at Improving Health or Reducing Costs, 2011 Among Offering Firms with Fewer Than Exhibit 12.9 179 50 Employees, Awareness and Utilization Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, of the Small Employer Tax Credits Made Percentage of Firms That Offer Employees Available in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Health Risk Assessments, Offer Incentives 2011 to Complete Assessments, and Use Assessments Exhibit 13.8 191 to Increase Wellness Participation, by Firm Size Among Non-Offering Firms with and Region, 2011 Fewer Than 50 Employees, Awareness and Exhibit 12.10 180 Utilization of the Small Employer Tax Credits Among Firms Offering Financial Incentives Made Available in the Affordable Care Act for Health Risk Assessments, Percentage (ACA), 2011 of Firms That Offer the Following Incentives to Complete Assessments, by Firm Size and Region, 2011xii T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  13. 13. E m p loy e r O p i n i o n s and Exhibit 14.3 198 H e a lt h P l an P r act i c e s Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Firms Whose Largest PlanExhibit 14.1 196 Includes a High-Performance Provider Among Both Firms Offering and Not Network, by Firm Size and Region 2007, Offering Health Benefits, Distribution of 2010, 2011 Firms’ Opinions on the Effectiveness of the Following Strategies to Contain Health Exhibit 14.4 199 Insurance Costs, by Firm Size, 2011 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, Percentage of Firms that Offer Long-TermExhibit 14.2 197 Care Insurance, by Firm Size and Region 2007 Among Firms Offering Health Benefits, and 2011 Percentage of Firms That Report They Made the Following Changes During the Past Year, Exhibit 14.5 200 by Firm Size and Region, 2011 Percentage of Covered Workers with an Annual Maximum Benefit for Single Coverage, by Plan Type and Firm Size, 2011 xiii T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  14. 14. Summary of Findings E mployer - sponsored insurance is the leading source of health insurance , covering about 150 million nonelderly people in A merica . 1 To provide current information about the nature of employer - sponsored health benefits , the K aiser Family Foundation (K aiser ) and the H ealth R esearch E ducational Trust (HRET ) conduct an annual national survey of nonfederal private and public employers with three or more workers . T his is the thirteenth K aiser /HRET survey and reflects health benefit information for 2011.The key findings from the 2011 survey,conducted from January through May Exhibit A2011, include increases in the average Average Annual Health Insurance Premiums and Worker Contributionssingle and family premiums, as well higher for Family Coverage, 2001–2011enrollment in high deductible health planswith savings options (HDHP/SOs). The 113% $15,0732011 survey includes new questions on Premium Increasethe percentage of firms with grandfatheredhealth plans, changes in benefits for $10,944preventive care, enrollment of adult children $7,061 131% Workerdue to the new health reform law, and the Contributionuse of stoploss coverage by firms with self- $5,269 Increasefunded plans. $4,129 $1,787H E A LT H I N S U R A N C E 2001 2011PREMIUMS AND WORKERCONTRIBUTIONS Employer Contribution Worker ContributionThe average annual premiums for employer- Source: Kaiser/HRET Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Benefits, 2001–2011.sponsored health insurance in 2011 are$5,429 for single coverage and $15,073for family coverage. Compared to 2010, family premium), while 21% of covered in plans that require them to pay more thanpremiums for single coverage are 8% higher workers are in plans where the family 0% but less than or equal to 25% of theand premiums for family coverage are premium is less than $12,058 (80% of the total premium, and 15% are in plans that9% higher. The 9% growth rate in family average premium) (Exhibit C). require more than 50% of the premium;premiums for 2011 is significantly higher only 6% are in plans that require no Covered workers contribute on average 18% contribution (Exhibit D).than the 3% growth rate in 2010.2 Since of the premium for single coverage and2001, average premiums for family coverage 28% of the premium for family coverage, Looking at the dollar amounts thathave increased 113% (Exhibit A). Average similar to the percentages they contributed workers contribute, the average annualpremiums for family coverage are lower for in 2010. Workers in small firms (3–199 contributions in 2011 are $921 for singleworkers in small firms (3–199 workers) workers) contribute a significantly lower coverage and $4,129 for family coverage.3than for workers in large firms (200 or more average percentage for single coverage Neither amount is a statistically significantworkers) ($14,098 vs. $15,520). Average compared to workers in larger firms (15% increase over the 2010 values. Workers inpremiums for high-deductible health plans vs. 19%), but a higher average percentage small firms (3–199 workers) have lowerwith a savings option (HDHP/SOs) are for family coverage (36% vs. 25%). As with average contributions for single coveragelower than the overall average for all plan total premiums, the share of the premium than workers in larger firms ($762 vs.types for both single and family coverage contributed by workers varies considerably $996), and higher average contributions(Exhibit B). around these averages. For single coverage, for family coverage ($4,946 vs. $3,755).There is significant variation around the 59% of covered workers are in plans that Compared to the overall averageaverage annual premiums as a result of require them to pay more than 0% but less contributions, workers in HDHP/SOsfactors such as benefits, cost sharing, and than or equal to 25% of the total premium, have lower average contributions for singlegeographic cost differences. Nineteen and 3% are in plans that require more than coverage ($723 vs. $921), while workers inpercent of covered workers are in plans with 50% of the premium; 16% are in plans that point of service (POS) plans have higheran annual total premium for family coverage require them to make no contribution. For average contributions for family coverageof at least $18,087 (120% of the average family coverage, 47% of covered workers are ($5,333 vs. $4,129). 1 T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  15. 15. E x h i b i t  B Average Annual Firm and Worker Premium Contributions and Total Premiums for Covered Workers for Single and Family Coverage, by Plan Type, 2011 HMO Single $941 $4,408 $5,350 Family $4,148 $11,140 $15,288 PPO Single $1,002 $4,582 $5,584 Family $4,072 $11,333 $15,404 POS Single $784 $5,057* $5,841 Family $5,333* $9,927 $15,260 HDHP/SO $723* Single $4,070* $4,793* Family $3,634 $10,070* $13,704* ALL PLANS Single $921 $4,508 $5,429 Family $4,129 $10,944 $15,073 $0 $2,000 $4,000 $6,000 $8,000 $10,000 $12,000 $14,000 $16,000 $18,000 Worker Contribution Employer Contribution * Estimate is statistically different from All Plans estimate by coverage type (p.05). Source: Kaiser/HRET Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Benefits, 2011.PLAN ENROLLMENT deductible for single coverage that must be workers are in a plan with a deductible of at met before all or most services are reimbursed least $1,000 for single coverage, similar toOverall, PPOs are by far the most common by the plan. In contrast, only 29% of workers the 27% reported in 2010, but significantlyplan type, enrolling 55% of covered in HMOs have a general annual deductible. more than the 22% reported in 2009workers. Seventeen percent of covered Many workers with no general annual (Exhibit E). Covered workers in small firmsworkers are enrolled in an HMO, 10% deductible still face other types of cost sharing (3–199 workers) remain more likely thanare enrolled in a POS plan, and 1% are when they use covered services. covered workers in larger firms (50% vs.enrolled in a conventional plan. Enrollment 22%) to be in plans with deductibles of atin HDHP/SOs continues to rise, with 17% Among workers with a general annual least $1,000.of covered workers in an HDHP/SO in deductible, the average deductible amount2011, up from 13% of covered workers in for single coverage is $675 for workers in The majority of workers also have to pay2010, and 8% in 2009. The enrollment PPOs, $911 for workers in HMOs, $928 a portion of the cost of physician officedistribution varies by firm size, with PPOs for workers in POS plans, and $1,908 visits. About three-in-four covered workersand HMOs relatively more popular among for workers in HDHP/SOs (which by pay a copayment (a fixed dollar amount)large firms (200 or more workers) and PPOs definition have high deductibles). As in for office visits with a primary careand HDHP/SOs relatively more popular in recent years, workers with single coverage physician (74%) or a specialist physiciansmaller firms. in small firms (3–199 workers) have higher (73%), in addition to any general annual deductibles than workers in large firms deductible a plan may have. Smaller shares (200 or more workers); for example, the of workers pay coinsurance (a percentageEMPLOYEE COST SHARING average deductibles for single coverage in of the covered amount) for primary careMost covered workers face additional PPOs, the most common plan type, are office visits (17%) or specialty care visitscosts when they use health care services. $1,202 for workers in small firms (3–199 (18%). Most covered workers in HMOs,A large share of workers in PPOs (81%) workers) compared to $505 for workers PPOs, and POS plans face copayments,and POS plans (69%) have a general annual in larger firms. Overall, 31% of covered while covered workers in HDHP/SOs 2 T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t
  16. 16. Exhibit C Distribution of Premiums for Single and Family Coverage Relative to the Average Annual Single or Family Premium, 2011 Single Coverage Family Coverage Premium Range, Relative to Premium Range, Percentage of Covered Premium Range, Percentage of Covered Average Premium Dollar Amount Workers in Range Dollar Amount Workers in Range Less than 80% Less Than $4,344 21% Less Than $12,058 21% 80% to Less Than 90% $4,344 to $4,886 15% $12,058 to $13,565 14% 90% to Less Than Average $4,886 to $5,429 20% $13,565 to $15,073 16% Average to Less Than 110% $5,429 to $5,972 15% $15,073 to $16,580 16% 110% to Less Than 120% $5,972 to $6,515 11% $16,580 to $18,087 14% 120% or More $6,515 or More 18% $18,087 or More 19% Note: The average annual premium is $5,429 for single coverage and $15,073 for family coverage. Source: Kaiser/HRET Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Benefits, 2011.are more likely to have coinsurance Almost all covered workers (98%) have higher than the amounts reported last year.requirements or no cost sharing after the prescription drug coverage, and nearly all HDHP/SOs have a somewhat different cost-deductible is met. For in-network office face cost sharing for their prescriptions. Over sharing pattern for prescription drugs thanvisits, covered workers with a copayment three-quarters (77%) of covered workers other plan types: 57% of covered workerspay an average of $22 for primary care and are in plans with three or more tiers of cost are enrolled a plan with three or more tiers$32 for specialty care. For covered workers sharing. Copayments are more common of cost sharing while 17% are in plans thatwith coinsurance, the average coinsurance than coinsurance for each tier of cost sharing. pay 100% of prescription costs once the planis 18% for both primary care and specialty Among workers with three- or four-tier plans, deductible is met. Covered workers in thesecare. While the survey collects information the average copayments in these plans are $10 plans are also more likely to pay coinsuranceon only in-network cost sharing, we note for first-tier drugs, $29 for second-tier drugs, than workers in other plan types.that out-of-network cost sharing is often $49 for third-tier drugs, and $91 for fourth-higher. tier drugs. These amounts are not significantly Most workers also face additional cost sharing Exhibit D Distribution of the Percentage of Total Premium Paid by Covered Workers for Single and Family Coverage, by Firm Size, 2011 SINGLE COVERAGE All Small Firms 35% 42% 19% 4% (3–199 Workers)* 2% All Large Firms 7% 68% 23% (200 or More Workers)* ALL FIRMS 16% 59% 22% 3% FAMILY COVERAGE All Small Firms 14% 28% 26% 32% (3–199 Workers)* 2% All Large Firms 56% 35% 7% (200 or More Workers)* ALL FIRMS 6% 47% 32% 15% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0% Greater than 25%, less than or equal to 50% Greater than 0%, less than or equal to 25% Greater than 50% * Distributions for All Small Firms and All Large Firms within coverage types are statistically different (p.05). Source: Kaiser/HRET Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Benefits, 2011. 3 T h e K a i s e r Fa m i ly F o u n d at i o n - a n d - H e a lt h R e s e a r c h E d u c at i o n a l T r u s t

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