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Invasive spp. Early Detection for Longview Timber 4.29.10

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Invasive spp. Early Detection for Longview Timber 4.29.10

  1. 1. Clatsop County Early Detection Invasive Species Network<br />Invasive-Watch Training<br />August 19, 2009<br />
  2. 2. Invasive Species 101<br />What are invasive species?<br />Management & your role in it.<br />Introduction to the invaders<br />Reporting invasions<br />Vector issues<br />
  3. 3. invasive species is an alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health <br />
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  6. 6. Biological invaders destroy habitats or out-compete native plants and animals.<br />Why should you care?<br />Invasive species costAmericans about $143 billion per year.<br />At least 30 new potential biological invaders enter the US every day.<br />
  7. 7. What makes a plant invasive?<br />Lack normal environmental constraints<br />Fast growth and reproduction<br />Highly adaptable a wide range of conditions<br />Often can transform their environment<br />Often encouraged by disturbance<br />Dominance = less biodiversity<br />
  8. 8. How do we manage invasive plants?<br />Prevention<br />Quarantine before introduction<br />Monitoring & mapping<br />Chemical treatment (herbicides)<br />Biological controls (biocontrol)<br />Cultural treatment (hand pulling, cutting, etc.)<br />
  9. 9. The Wildfire Model<br />
  10. 10. Key Stages in Plant Invasions<br />Escape<br />Lag Time<br />Invasion<br />Introduction<br />Cost<br />Area Infested<br />Time<br />
  11. 11. What does this mean for management?<br />People notice them here<br />Introduction<br />Detection: focus resources here<br />Prevention or Eradication(Inexpensive)<br />Local control and management only <br />(Expensive)<br />Area Infested<br />Control Costs<br /> Time<br />
  12. 12. Eleven Invaders<br />
  13. 13. Keys to Identifying the Invaders<br />Flowers<br />Leaves and stems<br />Habit (vine, herb, grass, rosette, etc.)<br />Developing a “search pattern”<br />Key characteristics (odor, reflectivity, color)<br />
  14. 14. Herb Robert: Geranium robertianum<br />
  15. 15. Rebecca Brown, Eastern Washington University<br />
  16. 16. Photo: Robert Emanuel<br />
  17. 17. Jorge Penafiel<br />Shining Geranium: Geranium lucidum<br />
  18. 18. Photo Bruce Newhouse<br />
  19. 19. Photos: Christine McDonald<br />Policeman’s Helmet: Impatiens gladulifera<br />
  20. 20. Photo: Christine McDonald<br />
  21. 21. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Garlic Mustard: Alliariapetiolata<br />
  22. 22. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Elizabeth J. Czarapata<br />
  23. 23. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />
  24. 24. Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration <br />Old Man’s Beard: Clematis vitalba<br />
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  26. 26. Leo Michaels<br />
  27. 27. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
  28. 28. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
  29. 29. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
  30. 30. Spurge Laurel: Daphne laureola<br />Carla Cole, NPS<br />
  31. 31. Carla Cole, NPS<br />
  32. 32. Tania Siemens, TNC<br />
  33. 33. Carla Cole, NPS<br />
  34. 34. © Andrea Thorpe, Insttute for Applied Ecology<br />False Brome: Brachypodiumsylvaticum<br />
  35. 35. © Andrea Thorpe, Insttute for Applied Ecology<br />
  36. 36. © Andrea Thorpe, Institute for Applied Ecology<br />
  37. 37. Photo: Robert Emanuel, OSU<br />Yellow Archangel: Lamiumgaleobdolon<br />
  38. 38. Photo: Robert Emanuel, OSU<br />
  39. 39. Photo: Alexander Dunkel<br />Photo: Julio Reis<br />False Indigo: Amphora fruticosa<br />
  40. 40. Photo: JorgHempel<br />Lesser Celandine: Ranunculus ficaria<br />
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  42. 42. Taking Notes<br />Example: “ODOT gravel pit on Hwy 26”<br />Early Detection Report Form<br />Date:________ Observer:__________________<br />Location:_________________________________<br />_________________________________________<br />Plant Species:_____________________________<br />Patch Size: Length________ Width___________ % cover____________# of plants_____________<br />Type of site (riparian, road, forest, trail, etc):<br />_________________________________________<br />Notes (landowner, location, physical description, directions, etc.) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Example: “Old Man’s Beard”<br />Length: 10’ Width: 5’<br />% cover: 50% of trees<br /># of plants: 2-6<br /> “Forest and road cut”<br />“Located on ODOT land? Vines growing up spruce trees and into rock”<br />
  43. 43. Don’t be a Vector!<br />Clean your clothes <br />Clean your equipment & vehicle<br />Clean your pets<br />Walk around the infestation<br />Bag/trash, burn, no compost<br />If collecting voucher in flower or fruit, seal it<br />J.K. Linsey<br />
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  46. 46. Invasive Spp. Web Resources<br />Oregon Invasive Species Hotline:oregoninvasiveshotline.org/<br />National Invasive Species Clearinghouse: www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov<br />Washington State Noxious Weed Board: www.nwcb.wa.gov/index.htm<br />California Invasive Plant Council:www.cal-ipc.org <br />USDA PLANTS Database: plants.usda.gov/index.html<br />Presentation Recap: <br />
  47. 47. Questions?<br />Robert M. Emanuel, Ph.D.<br />Water Resources & Community Development<br />Clatsop & Tillamook counties<br />2204 Fourth Street<br />Tillamook, OR 97141<br />(503) 842-5708 X 2 <br />robert.emanuel@oregonstate.edu<br />

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