CCEDIN Invasive Species Early Detection 8.19.09

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Slide show used to educate ~50 volunteers of the Clatsop County Early Detection of Invasive Species Network about EDRR, invasive species management and 8 priority invaders for the network.

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  • Why are invasions like wildfires?Have distinct mechanisms for movementNeed fuel & proper conditions for growthJump barriers by means of spot firesCan sit as “sleepers”Transform landscapes and ecosystemsTherefore, to manage the “fire” we should:Know where the fire isKnow the mechanisms that fuel its spreadIdentify spotfires & extinguish before they spreadStop new blazes before they become conflagrationsPREVENTION IS THE KEY
  • 1st year form: 12” high rosetteLeaves: kidney-shaped, scallopedGarlicky odorS-shaped root
  • 2nd year form: elongated flower stalkLeaves: alternate on stem, toothed, triangularGarlicky odorS-shaped rootFour white petals per flower
  • Hairy sheaths at joints
  • Veg characteristics:Hairy leaf marginLong-lasting bright green colorHairy lower stemLeaves are 4-10 mmLeaves are very laxSheath open (other bromes have closed sheath)Ligule is 3-4 mm
  • Flower characteristicsSpikelets on very short stalks (Columbia brome has long stalks)Flower spikes droop
  • CCEDIN Invasive Species Early Detection 8.19.09

    1. 1. Clatsop County Early Detection Invasive Species Network<br />Invasive-Watch Training<br />August 19, 2009<br />
    2. 2. Agenda<br />Introduction of participants, partners (5 mins)<br />Intro to IS Management & EDRR (15 mins)<br />Focus species (25 mins)<br />Stretch break (5 mins)<br />Hands-on get to know the invaders (30 mins)<br />How to report, reporting demonstration (20 mins)<br />Evaluation, conclude (10 mins)<br />
    3. 3. Invasive Species 101<br />What are invasive species?<br />How do they get into new environments?<br />Why care?<br />Management & your role in it.<br />
    4. 4. Invasive species means an alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. <br />
    5. 5. Definitions: Invasive Plants<br />“Weed”<br />Exotics<br />A plant growing where you do not want it.<br />(non-native)<br />Lots of beneficial species: Crops, pasture, forestry & ornamentals.<br />“Noxious”<br />A regulatory designation.<br />“Invasive”<br />Spreads outside of cultivation, and causes environmental& economic harm.<br />Natives<br />Co-evolution with other species, our natural heritage<br />
    6. 6.
    7. 7.
    8. 8.
    9. 9. Biological invaders destroy habitats or out-compete native plants and animals.<br />Why should we care?<br />Invasive species costs Americans about $143 billion/year!<br />At least 30 new potential biological invaders enter the US every day…<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. What makes a plant invasive?<br />Lack normal environmental constraints<br />Fast growth and reproduction<br />Highly adaptable a wide range of conditions<br />Often can transform their environment<br />Often encouraged by disturbance<br />Dominance = less biodiversity<br />
    12. 12. How do we manage invasive plants?<br />Prevention<br />Quarantine before introduction<br />Monitoring & mapping<br />Chemical treatment (herbicides)<br />Biological controls (biocontrol)<br />Cultural treatment (hand pulling, cutting, etc.)<br />
    13. 13. The Wildfire Model<br />
    14. 14. Key Stages in Plant Invasions<br />Escape<br />Lag Time<br />Invasion<br />Introduction<br />Cost<br />Area Infested<br />Time<br />
    15. 15. What does this mean for management?<br />People notice them here<br />Introduction<br />Detection: focus resources here<br />Prevention or Eradication(Inexpensive)<br />Local control and management only <br />(Expensive)<br />Area Infested<br />Control Costs<br /> Time<br />
    16. 16. Eight Invaders<br />
    17. 17. Keys to Identifying the Invaders<br />Flowers<br />Leaves and stems<br />Habit (vine, herb, grass, rosette, etc.)<br />Developing a “search pattern”<br />Key characteristics (odor, reflectivity, color)<br />
    18. 18. Herb Robert: Geranium robertianum<br />
    19. 19. Rebecca Brown, Eastern Washington University<br />
    20. 20. King County, WA<br />
    21. 21. Jorge Penafiel<br />Shining Geranium: Geranium lucidum<br />
    22. 22. Photo Bruce Newhouse<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24. Photos: Christine McDonald<br />Policeman’s Helmet: Impatiens gladulifera<br />
    25. 25. Photo: Christine McDonald<br />
    26. 26. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Garlic Mustard: Alliariapetiolata<br />
    27. 27. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Glenn Miller, ODA<br />Elizabeth J. Czarapata<br />
    28. 28. Glenn Miller, ODA<br />
    29. 29. Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration <br />Old Man’s Beard: Clematis vitalba<br />
    30. 30.
    31. 31. Leo Michaels<br />
    32. 32. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
    33. 33. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
    34. 34. Chris Aldassy, EMSWCD<br />
    35. 35. Spurge Laurel: Daphne laureola<br />Carla Cole, NPS<br />
    36. 36. Carla Cole, NPS<br />
    37. 37. Tania Siemens, TNC<br />
    38. 38. Carla Cole, NPS<br />
    39. 39. Environment Canada<br />Common Reed: Phragmitesaustralis<br />
    40. 40. Dane Osis, OPRD<br />
    41. 41. Dane Osis, OPRD<br />
    42. 42. © 2004 Steven J. Baskauf<br />
    43. 43. © Andrea Thorpe, Insttute for Applied Ecology<br />False Brome: Brachypodiumsylvaticum<br />
    44. 44. © Andrea Thorpe, Insttute for Applied Ecology<br />
    45. 45. © Andrea Thorpe, Institute for Applied Ecology<br />
    46. 46. Take a break!<br />
    47. 47. Get to Know Your Plants<br />
    48. 48. Reporting Your Finds<br />Using<br />www.oregoninvasiveshotline.org<br />
    49. 49. Taking Notes<br />Example: “ODOT gravel pit on Hwy 26”<br />Early Detection Report Form<br />Date:________ Observer:__________________<br />Location:_________________________________<br />_________________________________________<br />Plant Species:_____________________________<br />Patch Size: Length________ Width___________ % cover____________# of plants_____________<br />Type of site (riparian, road, forest, trail, etc):<br />_________________________________________<br />Notes (landowner, location, physical description, directions, etc.) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Example: “Old Man’s Beard”<br />Length: 10’ Width: 5’<br />% cover: 50% of trees<br /># of plants: 2-6<br /> “Forest and road cut”<br />“Located on ODOT land? Vines growing up spruce trees and into rock”<br />
    50. 50. Step 1: Go to: www.oregoninvasiveshotline.orgAnd click on “report now”<br />
    51. 51. Step 2:Select the County <br />
    52. 52. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 1: The Drag and Zoom Option. <br />A. Drag the pin to the report location <br />B. Change view to Hybrid<br />C. Zoom in as far as you can <br />
    53. 53. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 1: The Drag and Zoom Option. <br />A. Drag the pin to the report location <br />B. Change view to Hybrid<br />C. Zoom in as far as you can <br />
    54. 54. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 1: The Drag and Zoom Option. <br />A. Drag the pin to the report location <br />B. Change view to Hybrid<br />C. Zoom in as far as you can <br />
    55. 55. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 1: The Drag and Zoom Option. <br />A. Drag the pin to the report location <br />B. Change view to Hybrid<br />C. Zoom in as far as you can<br />D. ZOOM MORE!<br />
    56. 56. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 1: The Drag and Zoom Option. <br />ZOOM MORE!<br />and place the pin at the precise location!<br />
    57. 57. Step 3: Enter LocationOption 2: Enter GPS Coordinates<br />
    58. 58. Step 4: Provide a description of the area (enter the field “Area Description” from your form) <br />
    59. 59. Step 5: Enter the Species<br />
    60. 60. Step 6: Describe what you found(“Patch Size” “Type of site” and “Notes” from your reporting form) <br />
    61. 61. Step 7: Add your images<br />
    62. 62. Step 8: Enter Contact Info.Please Include your phone number<br />Step 9: Enter authorization and Submit!<br />
    63. 63. Reporting Alternative<br />We prefer the website, but you can always call, email, or mail it in to (contact info is on your report form)<br />Clatsop SWCD: 503-325-4571<br />Or mail to: Tania Siemens<br />Invasive Species Research Assistant<br />Oregon Sea Grant Extension<br />307 Ballard Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331<br />541-914-0701<br />tania.siemens@oregonstate.edu<br />
    64. 64. Don’t be a Vector!<br />Clean your clothes <br />Clean your pets<br />Clean your equipment & vehicle<br />Walk around the infestation<br />Bag/trash, burn, no compost<br />If collecting voucher in flower or fruit, seal it<br />J.K. Linsey<br />
    65. 65. Invasive Spp. Web Resources<br />Oregon Invasive Species Hotline:oregoninvasiveshotline.org/<br />National Invasive Species Clearinghouse: www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov<br />USDA PLANTS Database: plants.usda.gov/index.html<br />WA State Noxious Weed Board: www.nwcb.wa.gov/index.htm<br />Idaho Weed Awareness:idahoweedawareness.net/index.html<br />California Invasive Plant Council:www.cal-ipc.org <br />Center for Lakes and Reservoirs: www.clr.pdx.edu/<br />
    66. 66. Questions?<br />Robert M. Emanuel<br />Water Resources & Community Development<br />Clatsop & Tillamook counties<br />2204 Fourth Street<br />Tillamook, OR 97141<br />(503) 842-5708 X 2 <br />robert.emanuel@oregonstate.edu<br />Dave Ambrose<br />District Technician <br />Clatsop Soil and Water Conservation District<br />750 Commercial Street, Room 207 Astoria, OR  97103(503) 325-4571clatsopswcd@iinet.com <br />

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