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Recent Refugee Flows in Europe:
Challenges and Responses
Alison Phipps
University of Glasgow
Gifts are in the Feet
The Epic Story
Of the hardening of borders
against kith and kin
And the softening of borders
of skin.
Conditional Hospitality: FRONTEX and
the Mediterranean (The Guardian)
Where are your monuments, your battles, martyrs? … in that
gray vault. The sea. The sea has locked them up. The sea is
His...
Calais
States of Exception
‘They create a wasteland and call it peace.’
We have been here before.
And here we are again.
We are all border guards now
Health Care
Education
Housing
Employment
Banking
An Academic Border Guard
Where to go?
And to whom;
To think anew the questions
We are posed
By all those
Asking “Where to, when no one will have us?
We Refugees: Arendt (1943)
“The concomity of the
European peoples went to
pieces, when, and
because, it allowed its
weakes...
Sacred – in the original sense of ‘destined to die’
“Refugees driven from
country to country
represent the vanguard of
the...
Agamben: on ‘We Refugees’
If in the system of the
nation-state the refugee
represents such a
disquieting element, it is
ab...
The Dominant Scripts
“The script is of therapeutic,
technocratic, consumer militarism.
[Of Rights and Subjects, Sovereignt...
Citizen’s ‘being-in-exodus’
“It is only in a land where
the spaces of state will have
been perforated and
topologically de...
The offer of a Counter-story
People don’t change much through
doctrine or argument or sheer cognitive
appeal.
People don’t...
“We Refugees” - a softening
2 ‘puncturing’ events
(Badiou).
The change of heart by a
politician and a country.
Aylan Kurdi...
Perforations: Imagining Inclusive Nationalism
“You have honoured us by
making Scotland your
home.”
FM Sturgeon
“When peopl...
Witness-bearing: Grand Synthe
Arts of Softening and Deterritorializing
Multimodal, multilingual Creative
Interventions and Interruptions
(translingual p...
Sharing the World:
“Meeting a stranger outside
of our own boundaries is
rather easy, and even satisfies
our aspirations, a...
Du musst dein Leben ändern.
Decisions based on ‘Research Evidence’
“Revolution happens because
everyone refused to go home” (Butler)
‘Harsh and Exciting’
“You do not have to be good. You do not have to walk on your knees For a hundred miles through the de...
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Recent Refugee Flows in Europe: Challenge and Responses

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Public lecture by Prof Alison Phipps (UNESCO Chair for Refugee Integration through Languages and the Arts, University of Glasgow) at the Political Science and International Relations Programme of Victoria University of Wellington, in association with the European Union Centres Network and the University of South Australia, 7 November 2016

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Recent Refugee Flows in Europe: Challenge and Responses

  1. 1. Recent Refugee Flows in Europe: Challenges and Responses Alison Phipps University of Glasgow
  2. 2. Gifts are in the Feet
  3. 3. The Epic Story Of the hardening of borders against kith and kin And the softening of borders of skin.
  4. 4. Conditional Hospitality: FRONTEX and the Mediterranean (The Guardian)
  5. 5. Where are your monuments, your battles, martyrs? … in that gray vault. The sea. The sea has locked them up. The sea is History. (Derek Walcott )
  6. 6. Calais
  7. 7. States of Exception
  8. 8. ‘They create a wasteland and call it peace.’
  9. 9. We have been here before. And here we are again.
  10. 10. We are all border guards now Health Care Education Housing Employment Banking
  11. 11. An Academic Border Guard
  12. 12. Where to go? And to whom; To think anew the questions We are posed By all those Asking “Where to, when no one will have us?
  13. 13. We Refugees: Arendt (1943) “The concomity of the European peoples went to pieces, when, and because, it allowed its weakest member to be excluded and persecuted.” (Arendt: p119).
  14. 14. Sacred – in the original sense of ‘destined to die’ “Refugees driven from country to country represent the vanguard of their peoples – if they keep their identity.” (p.112) On ne parvient pas deux fois.
  15. 15. Agamben: on ‘We Refugees’ If in the system of the nation-state the refugee represents such a disquieting element, it is above all because […] the refugee throws into crisis the original fiction of sovereignty. (p.117)
  16. 16. The Dominant Scripts “The script is of therapeutic, technocratic, consumer militarism. [Of Rights and Subjects, Sovereignty and Citizenship.] And that script has failed. It cannot make us safe And it cannot make us happy.” (Brueggemann)
  17. 17. Citizen’s ‘being-in-exodus’ “It is only in a land where the spaces of state will have been perforated and topologically deformed, and the citizen will have learned to acknowledge the refugee that he [sic] himself is, that man’s political survival today will be imaginable.”
  18. 18. The offer of a Counter-story People don’t change much through doctrine or argument or sheer cognitive appeal. People don’t change much because of moral appeal – or at least not these days. Offer of other models or old stories half forgotten, echoes from other peoples and places, tracings. (Brueggemann) Invitation to a counter-story
  19. 19. “We Refugees” - a softening 2 ‘puncturing’ events (Badiou). The change of heart by a politician and a country. Aylan Kurdi image
  20. 20. Perforations: Imagining Inclusive Nationalism “You have honoured us by making Scotland your home.” FM Sturgeon “When people say to me ‘why don’t we take care of our own’ I say – they are our own. This is their home.” Minister for Europe: Yousaf.
  21. 21. Witness-bearing: Grand Synthe
  22. 22. Arts of Softening and Deterritorializing Multimodal, multilingual Creative Interventions and Interruptions (translingual practice). Curation of films, workshops, methods, poetry, drama, devising.
  23. 23. Sharing the World: “Meeting a stranger outside of our own boundaries is rather easy, and even satisfies our aspirations, as long as we can return home and appropriate between ourselves what we have in this way discovered. To be forced to limit and change our home, or our way of being at home, is much more difficult.” (Irigarary)
  24. 24. Du musst dein Leben ändern.
  25. 25. Decisions based on ‘Research Evidence’
  26. 26. “Revolution happens because everyone refused to go home” (Butler)
  27. 27. ‘Harsh and Exciting’ “You do not have to be good. You do not have to walk on your knees For a hundred miles through the desert, repenting. You only have to let the soft animal of your body love what it loves. Tell me about your despair, yours, and I will tell you mine. Meanwhile the world goes on. Meanwhile the sun and the clear pebbles of the rain are moving across the landscapes, over the prairies and the deep trees, the mountains and the rivers. Meanwhile the wild geese, high in the clean blue air, are heading home again. Whoever you are, no matter how lonely, the world offers itself to your imagination, calls to you like the wild geese, harsh and exciting -- over and over announcing your place in the family of things.” (Mary Oliver)

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