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Linking Mobility to Pedagogy with Multilingual Immigrant Youth

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Presentation by Martha Bigelow at the Education and Migration: Language Foregrounded conference at Durham University 21-23 October 2016, part of the AHRC funded Researching Multilingually at the Borders of Language, the Body, Law and the State project.

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Linking Mobility to Pedagogy with Multilingual Immigrant Youth

  1. 1. http://metrocosm.com/global-immigration-map/
  2. 2. LINKING MOBILITY TO PEDAGOGY WITH MULTILINGUAL IMMIGRANT YOUTH EDUCATION AND MIGRATION: LANGUAGE FOREGROUNDED RESEARCHING MULTILINGUALLY AT THE BORDERS OF LANGUAGE, THE BODY, LAW AND THE STATE OCTOBER 20-23, 2016 MARTHA BIGELOW, SECOND LANGUAGE EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
  3. 3. https://todaysmeet.com/Bigelow
  4. 4. MINNESOTA 5,485,238 total population 404,819 foreign born
  5. 5. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF FOREIGN-BORN MINNESOTANS ENTERED AS REFUGEES? 47%
  6. 6. WHAT PERCENTAGE ARE FROM AFRICA? 20%
  7. 7. MINNESOTA’S TOP COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN. CAN YOU GUESS WHICH ARE OUR TOP 4? Ethiopia China Vietnam Mexico India Laos Somalia Korea Thailand Canada
  8. 8. Mexico India Laos Somalia
  9. 9. Ahmed Muhumud, center, and his wife and 6 daughters, from left, Ashwaq Abdirahman, 13, Amira Abdirahman, 11, Salma Abdirahman, 7, Azhar Abdirahman, 14 months, Halimo Haji, mother, Asmaa Abdirahman, 14, and Asra Abdirahman, 8, photographed on Friday, May 12, 2016, in Bloomington.
  10. 10. MORE HATE CRIMES THAN AFTER SEPTEMBER 11, 2001. EXTRA-JUDICIAL SHOOTINGS OF BLACK BOYS AND MEN.
  11. 11. A PEDAGOGY OF PAIN (MLJ, JOHANNA ENNSER-KANANEN, 2016) “We exist in a world where we are surrounded and affected by intense cultural conflicts, where we acknowledge the critical role of “global competence”…where we design materials and conduct research to improve culture teaching, yet the cultural conflicts and pain we are experiencing today do not seem to make it into our classrooms.” (2016, p. 558)
  12. 12. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile
  13. 13. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA Languages TRANS Cultures HYBRID Literacies Social Places Mobility
  14. 14. LOCAL AND GLOBAL QUESTIONS • How to develop multilingual language and literacy skills among SLIFE teens in culturally relevant ways? • How to find pedagogies for youth to use multiple languages and literacies for contextualized self determination and as a way to speak back to circulating discourses?
  15. 15. “The continuing debate over whether literacy can be ‘empowering’ or ‘disempowering’, ‘liberatory’ or ‘domesticating’, ‘reproductive’ or ‘critical’ may be fundamentally misleading.” (Luke, 1994, p. xii, in Cultural Studies Goes to School: Reading and Teaching Popular Media by Buckingham and Sefton-Green)
  16. 16. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA
  17. 17. 2014
  18. 18. 2009 Et al.
  19. 19. MULTIMODAL AND MULTIMEDIA LITERACY 1
  20. 20. Somali speaker from Ethiopia Presentation of self, inviting, positive, inclusive Multilingual digital literacies Abstract, enigmatic representation of self
  21. 21. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA Languages TRANS
  22. 22. 2013
  23. 23. TRANSLANGUAGING AND LITERACY 2
  24. 24. WHO POSTED TEXT? WHAT LANGUAGES WERE USED? FB pseudonym Number of written posts Languages used Safia Abdi 2 1 English 1 French/Somali ً‫مرحبا‬‫كم‬ِ‫ب‬ 2 1 Somali 1 English/Somali Mohamed Ahmed 6 4 English 1 English/Somali 1 English/Spanish Sahara Haji 3 2 English/Somali 1 Somali Maryam Hasan 2 2 English Martha Bigelow 3 2 English/Somali 1 Somali FB pseudonym Number of written posts Languages used Ayan Ali 3 1 English 1 Somali 1 English/Somali Xasiloon LX Ahmed 2 2 English Moos Ballon Dorka 1 1 English/Somali Quruxley Farhiya 1 1 English/Somali Jen Baker Vanek 3 3 English
  25. 25. Post in Spanish? Multilingual showing off or sensitivity to audience and desire for community inclusivity?
  26. 26. PEER-TO-PEER MULTILINGUAL LANGUAGE USE Somali (and English) original English translation Magaceygo wa a ayanle mahad waxaan ka imid Somali waxaan jecelahay qof kasta welalayaasha qaaliga ah My name is ayanle and I am from Somali love to all of my revered brothers (gender inclusive) and I say my name is ayanle and la m from Somali and I love everybody and you all my brother aand sisters and iamsaying thank you for make this conversation walaalayaal waa Odin jecelahay I love you all, dear brothers (gender inclusive)
  27. 27. Translanguaging (micro-framework) (García & Hesson, 2015) Reading: translanguaging across partners, materials, notes Writing: pre-writing, partners, brainstorm, writing for mono and multilingual audiences Speaking: partner, pair, and small group work to discuss content and activities Listening: multilingual listening center, partner, pair, and small group work to discuss content and activities IN ANY COMBINATION OF LANGUAGES
  28. 28. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA Languages TRANS Cultures HYBRID
  29. 29. HYBRIDITY AND CULTURE 3
  30. 30. 1994 David Buckingham and Julian Sefton-Green
  31. 31. “THAT IS NOT CULTURE!”
  32. 32. A PEDAGOGY OF PAIN (MLJ, JOHANNA ENNSER- KANANEN, 2016) • Pain is a precursor of investment. • Pain can be subversive. • Pain seeks outlets. (2016, p. 560-561)
  33. 33. CULTURE Hybridity Pain Youth Global and Mobile
  34. 34. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA Languages TRANS Cultures HYBRID Literacies Social
  35. 35. LITERACY AND SOCIAL INTERACTION 4
  36. 36. Theoretical Lenses: Literacy as Social Practice
  37. 37. MULTILINGUAL INTERACTION - FINAL PROJECT AND ORAL GROUP PRESENTATION IN ENGLISH
  38. 38. Mustafa: first of all we’re starting here today to presentation our culture. Oromo culture. Somali culture together. and we’re working to show us exactly what Somali culture is and we’re trying to know what everybody culture is. our classmates. Today I have the opportunity to say my culture what it is. Me and Ali and Khalid. All pictures is Oromo and Somalia cultures together and we decided who the best who the best picture to exactly the best pictures to understand their citizens we saw a lot of Oromo cultures pictures the past 10 years ago now these are brand new pictures and they are like 5 years ago or 2 years ago the one thing I remind you this is that Somali and Oromo language is the same two, right? to talk and the talking Somalia is too close Somalia. and this is Somalia.
  39. 39. Ali, refers to the jointly crafted text on the screen and says: This is say here, the culture of Somali and Oromo we are close speaking language and writing also speaking.
  40. 40. Khalid: Absolutely what those people say was true Oromo culture and Somali culture are close to the same when we talking or something when we eat food or drink something are close to the same actually reading or spelling are close to the same when we look it [points to pictures in post] are close to the same also the picture shows as close to the same and this pictures show us Oromo culture [points to picture of white robed people sitting under banyan tree], this picture here too and here this is like when farmer is farming cloth or something food he put here in the country in the rural also some people is when on the holiday Oromo culture people clothes [inaudible] and like celebrate holiday something like that also Oromo people go to the mosque and pray. Somali people goes to mosque pray too so they are close to the same they don’t have too many different culture they don’t have too many different culture close to the same, maybe that’s it [applause] Any questions?
  41. 41. CURRENT TRENDS IN LITERACY EDUCATION Multiple and Mobile Modes MEDIA Languages TRANS Cultures HYBRID Literacies Social Places Mobility
  42. 42. PLACES MOBILITY AND KEEPING IN TOUCH 4
  43. 43. TECH SKILLS NEEDED IN RESETTLEMENT 2016
  44. 44. THANK YOU!!!

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