Openness as a catalyst for innovation in education


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Presentation given at Seattle Pacific University during 2011 Global Symposium : Educational Innovations and Reform in Countries around the World.
Presenting some of the way openness (in particular open education) can act as an institutional catalyst for innovation and reform

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Openness as a catalyst for innovation in education

  1. 1. This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Licence. Openness as a catalyst for innovation in education R. John Robertson, JISC CETIS SPU Symposium, Seattle 2011 1
  2. 2. Context: JISC• Established in 1993, JISC is an advisory committee to the HE and FE funding bodies across the UK.• Its mission is: “to provide world-class leadership in the innovative use of information and communications technology (ICT) to support education, research and institutional effectiveness”. 2
  3. 3. Context: JISC CETIS• JISC CETIS is a JISC Innovation Support Centre.• We provide advice to the UK Higher and Post-16 Education sectors on the development and use of educational technology and standards. 33
  4. 4. To return to the beginning• "Out of every ten • “Make lots of innovations mistakes and make attempted, all very them quickly” splendid, nine will end up in silliness" Antonio Machado 4
  5. 5. Distributed Learning Environments Timeline 5
  6. 6. Briefing Papers 6
  7. 7. Introduction: UKOER Programmes • The Open Educational Resources Programme is a collaboration between the JISC and the Higher Education Academy in the UK. • The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) provided an initial £5.7 million of funding, for a pilot programme (April 2009 to March 2010) and a subsequent £5 million of funding (August 2010- August 2011) for a follow-up programme both of which explore how to expand the open availability and use of free, high quality online educational resources. 7
  8. 8. What effect does openness have?• Reflections on innovation seen through the programme Photo credit and license: ‘Open’ Flickr user: mag3737 CC: BY NC SA 8
  9. 9. Open content as a catalyst for innovation• I’d contend that we “The future is already know lots of ways to here — its just not very innovate and improve evenly distributed.” education – making William Gibson any of them happen is Interview with NPR a different question 1993 9
  10. 10. Defining Open• thinking about licensing can actually make it simpler• Creative Commons – BY – SA or ND – NC 10
  11. 11. What is an OER? • From thisImage: screenshot MIT OCW 11 11
  12. 12. What is an OER? • To thisImage: screenshot 12 12
  13. 13. An Open proposition• Value proposition that sharing content openly can provide a greater return than strict control• Discussing this as a catalyst not necessarily a cause 13
  14. 14. education is not primarily about transfer of information content...• High quality educational resources widely available – a given academic is no longer the provider of knowledge• Are you a content provider or provider of learning experience? Photo credit and license: ‘Doors Open Toronto’ Flickr user hyfen CC: BY NC SA 14
  15. 15. Social responsibility• If publicly funded, should the public have access? 15
  16. 16. Managing your educational content• Where do you find it?• Who owns it?• Who can use it?• If you want to reuse your colleagues lecture materials - can you find them? 16
  17. 17. Increasing recruitment• How much do you spend on recruiting students and staff?• How do you help students decide what they should study? 17
  18. 18. Open Textbooks• WA SBCTC funding creation of ~80 openly licensed textbooks for most popular topics• Free / Open license• Innovation – Updatable – Adaptable – Lower barriers to student enrolment/ completion 18
  19. 19. Changes in student expectations?• Does providing more flexible access to your resources support student learning?• It may be cheaper and easier to give content to the world than manage access to limited student body. 19
  20. 20. Changes in pedagogy?• If instructor time and peer interaction are key components of high impact learning experiences (Kuh) – why are we spending so much contact time on lectures? 20
  21. 21. The wider conversation• How do we draw students into wider academic and public conversations as part of becoming self- regulated learners? 21
  22. 22. There are different approaches to open• In the wider OER community there are two distinct approaches to sharing open content for education.• Martin Weller characterises these as Big and Little OER (http:// nogoodreason.typepad.c 2009/12/the-politics-of- oer.html) 22
  23. 23. Questions 23