Open ________ ?Libraries, repositories, and cultural change <br />Presentation at CILIP MmIT NW: Emerging Technologies; Ju...
Outline<br />Introductions<br />Open _________?<br />Open Access<br />Open Content<br />Open Data<br />Open Libraries?<br />
Introduction<br />CETIS<br />A JISC innovation centre in the domain of educational technology and interoperability standar...
Open _________?<br />Look at some current trends and initiatives using the word  ‘Open’<br />Consider some of their key fe...
Open Access<br />5<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />http://www.opendoar.org/<br />
Open Access – cultural overview<br />Cultural (as is...)<br />The translation of an informal offline practice into the dig...
Open Access – cultural overview (2): funders<br />http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/<br />
Open Access – cultural overview (3): publishers<br />http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php?stats=yes<br />
Open Access – technical overview<br />Cultural intent led to the development of new software and standards to support its ...
Open Access - impact<br />Closest to library community <br />but significant groups outside of it<br />Commercial publishe...
Open Access - opportunities<br />Repositories as a key part of institutional infrastructure<br />ETDs <br />RAE and REFrep...
Open Content<br />12<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
Open Content – cultural overview<br />Translating offline practice of sharing into a digital environment <br />Many teachi...
Open Content - initiatives<br />
Open Content – initiatives (2)<br />
Open Content - impact<br />‘Normal’ offline practice is often not formalised or examined, in doing so:<br />Rights issues ...
Open Content – opportunities?<br />Often happening outside of library...<br />LIS skills needed but demand may not be arti...
Open Data<br />18<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
Open Data - overview<br />Two main areas<br />Managing and opening access to scientific datasets<br />Opening access to da...
Open Data - initiatives<br />
Open Data – initiatives (2)<br />
Open Data - impact<br />Library of Congress releasing lcsh.info<br />Government(s) attitudes<br />New tools<br />Visualiza...
Open Data - perspective<br />“The coolest thing to be done<br /> with your data will be<br /> thought of by someone else” ...
Open Data – opportunities (1)<br />Data repositories<br />Data librarians and enabling researchers<br />Best practice<br /...
Open Data – opportunities (2)<br />Being a data provider<br />Limits of tools<br />Unintended consequences (xif...jsut wha...
Open Data – Summing up a conference: twitter plus wordle?<br />26<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
Open Libraries?<br />27<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
Open Libraries?<br />What’s the point? The importance of<br />Information literacy<br />Understanding rights and business ...
Open Libraries?<br />Deciding what you do with your stuff<br />Publish where? <br />Is it responsible to give the rights t...
Any Questions?<br />Contact details:<br />R. John Robertson<br />Robert.robertson@strath.ac.uk<br />Kavubob on twitter<br ...
Additional References (and credits)<br />Peter Suber, Open Access Overview http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm...
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Open ______? MmIt Nw

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Presentation at MmIT NW on Open repositories, content, data and libraries
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  • Please note: due to ill health the presentation was not actually delivered on the day, but is made available for the benefit of delegates and anyone else who is interested.
  • www.opendoar.org – OA repositories by continent
  • http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/
  • http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php?stats=yes
  • http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/
  • http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/
  • www.opendoar.org
  • [disclaimer – this is the area I know the least about]
  • http://www.data.gov/
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/wa-j/3256900180/sizes/l/CC: NC SA BY
  • Open ______? MmIt Nw

    1. 1. Open ________ ?Libraries, repositories, and cultural change <br />Presentation at CILIP MmIT NW: Emerging Technologies; June 17th 2009<br />R. John Robertson, CETIS,<br />University of Strathclyde<br />This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland License.<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />Introductions<br />Open _________?<br />Open Access<br />Open Content<br />Open Data<br />Open Libraries?<br />
    3. 3. Introduction<br />CETIS<br />A JISC innovation centre in the domain of educational technology and interoperability standards<br />http://jisc.cetis.ac.uk<br />My background: <br />JISC projects and most recently Repositories Research Team<br />
    4. 4. Open _________?<br />Look at some current trends and initiatives using the word ‘Open’<br />Consider some of their key features and their impact for libraries and librarians<br />Mostly focused around repositories<br />Not talking about:<br />Open Source software (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source_software)<br />Open Id (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenID)<br />Open APIs (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_API)<br />
    5. 5. Open Access<br />5<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />http://www.opendoar.org/<br />
    6. 6. Open Access – cultural overview<br />Cultural (as is...)<br />The translation of an informal offline practice into the digital age – sharing copies of your paper<br />Speed (submission to press can be a long time)<br />Rights? (it’s mine to distribute... ; who funded the work? )<br />Costs and conditions (modern journal subscriptions)<br />Declarations<br />Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.soros.org/openaccess) <br />PLoSdftn: &quot;free availability and unrestricted use“ via Peter Suber<br />Approaches: ‘self-archive’ ; OA journals<br />Funder mandates (UK Research councils, NIH and CIHR)<br />Institutional mandates (37 mandates, 14 departmental http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/ )<br />
    7. 7. Open Access – cultural overview (2): funders<br />http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/<br />
    8. 8. Open Access – cultural overview (3): publishers<br />http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php?stats=yes<br />
    9. 9. Open Access – technical overview<br />Cultural intent led to the development of new software and standards to support its use.<br />OAI-PMH – Open Archives Initiative- Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/openarchivesprotocol.html )<br />Dublin Core (adopted as baseline by OAI-PMH)<br />Software systems (open source and commercial):<br />Dominance of Fedora, ePrints, D-Space<br />DuraSpace merger<br />Zentity (Microsoft – free built on proprietary core)<br />Intralibrary (commercial example)<br />Services<br />Search (OAISTER, Intute Repository Search)<br />Registries (OpenDOAR, ROAR)<br />OAI-ORE – towards being more web friendly <br />
    10. 10. Open Access - impact<br />Closest to library community <br />but significant groups outside of it<br />Commercial publishers’ response<br />OA journals <br />Promise and problems<br />New forms of publication – overlay ? Pure OA?<br />ETDs<br />Etheses - the ultimate OA success story?<br />ETHOS<br />Side effects: other roles <br />RAE/ REF reporting and management<br />faculty web pages/ bibliographies <br />Institutional knowledge management<br />
    11. 11. Open Access - opportunities<br />Repositories as a key part of institutional infrastructure<br />ETDs <br />RAE and REFreporting<br />Faculty web pages<br />Managing rights and supporting compliance with OA mandates<br />Information management expertise needed<br />Cataloguing (lots of...)<br />Building controlled vocabularies and taxonomies<br />Managing rights<br />Collaboration with university presses – moving towards new forms of publication<br />
    12. 12. Open Content<br />12<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
    13. 13. Open Content – cultural overview<br />Translating offline practice of sharing into a digital environment <br />Many teaching materials just use stuff off Google...<br />Who owns the lecture notes?<br />Learning objects... or not<br />Although still developed and used in some circumstances the ‘context-neutral’ reusable learning object is not a scalable endeavour when compared to OER initiatives that share what people are using (IMHO)<br />Open Educational Resources<br />CETIS briefing paper http://tinyurl.com/kkek7r<br />OER Initiatives<br />Focus on sharing what you use.<br />Open Courseware http://ocwconsortium.org<br />JISC / HEFCE funding pilot programme - £5.7 million http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/oer.aspx<br />Overview of JISC and OER http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/events/2009/03/openeducationalresources-fintrypm.pdf<br />
    14. 14. Open Content - initiatives<br />
    15. 15. Open Content – initiatives (2)<br />
    16. 16. Open Content - impact<br />‘Normal’ offline practice is often not formalised or examined, in doing so:<br />Rights issues can be addressed<br />Practice might improve<br />Provide colleagues, students, and potential students with your stuff <br />Institutional re-evaluation of where the value lies:<br />Student experience<br />Reputation, accreditation, assessment <br />Staff (as teachers not merely producers of sets of materials)<br />Facilities and atmosphere (...especially the library?)<br />Publicity<br />Increased enrolment<br />Kudos and standing in the educational community<br />
    17. 17. Open Content – opportunities?<br />Often happening outside of library...<br />LIS skills needed but demand may not be articulated in ways that are immediately obvious and a degree of wheel reinvention going on<br />Potentially lots of ‘cataloguing’ needed but...<br />Different standards/ educational description<br />Traditional learning object type metadata(IEEE LOM, IMS CP)<br />Standards under development (ISO MLR, DC-ED)<br />Key access points – course code? Course title? <br />Many current content sharing systems work without ‘full’ cataloguing and may not afford it<br />Full cataloguing presents an unknown value propostion...<br />Supporting teaching and administrative staff<br />Education and training<br />Collection level work <br />Description<br />data cleaning<br />Taxonomies/ controlled vocabularies<br />What is the business case?<br />Managing legal issues: accessibility; liability<br />
    18. 18. Open Data<br />18<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
    19. 19. Open Data - overview<br />Two main areas<br />Managing and opening access to scientific datasets<br />Opening access to data more generally<br />Vision of semantic web <br />Making it easier for machines to relate disparate data sets<br />Better data management<br />Volume of data being produced<br />Transparency<br />Link data and publication<br />Does data support findings?<br />Stewardship<br />Destroy data that should be destroyed<br />Allow others to explore data for their own use<br />Ensure funder has access to data<br />Curate the rest of the data<br />
    20. 20. Open Data - initiatives<br />
    21. 21. Open Data – initiatives (2)<br />
    22. 22. Open Data - impact<br />Library of Congress releasing lcsh.info<br />Government(s) attitudes<br />New tools<br />Visualization – [manyeyes]<br />Wordle<br />Richer publications<br />Moving beyond the limits of a printed page<br />Network effect –&gt; new science<br />Mashups...<br />See next speaker!<br />‘just landed’<br />
    23. 23. Open Data - perspective<br />“The coolest thing to be done<br /> with your data will be<br /> thought of by someone else” <br />Motto<br />JISC Common Repository Interfaces Group (CRIG) http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/repositories/digirep/index/CRIG<br />
    24. 24. Open Data – opportunities (1)<br />Data repositories<br />Data librarians and enabling researchers<br />Best practice<br />Need for clarity over rights<br />Automating metadata capture – lab books<br />Linking data and articles<br />Using data in teaching<br />However, most of this work has to be done by the scientists...<br />Do they know about the relevant skills and expertise the library can offer?<br />
    25. 25. Open Data – opportunities (2)<br />Being a data provider<br />Limits of tools<br />Unintended consequences (xif...jsut what information are you giving out)<br />Legal and ethical issues<br />Control of data<br />Using Mashups<br />Amazon <br />Librarything - recommendations<br />Browser tools<br />integrating library catalogues<br />Anything: e.g. ‘Just landed’<br />
    26. 26. Open Data – Summing up a conference: twitter plus wordle?<br />26<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
    27. 27. Open Libraries?<br />27<br />R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007<br />
    28. 28. Open Libraries?<br />What’s the point? The importance of<br />Information literacy<br />Understanding rights and business cases<br />Making the case for the library’s role<br />Experimenting ... <br />Realising ‘control’ over use of IT may not be as desirable as it was<br />Make rights clear<br />Can you get your data out? Can your users..?<br />What do you want to allow? Control vs enable <br />(Glasgow City Council example: advertises events on twitter but blocks access to it in libraries) http://tametheweb.com/2009/05/10/glasgowtweet/<br />
    29. 29. Open Libraries?<br />Deciding what you do with your stuff<br />Publish where? <br />Is it responsible to give the rights to your work away?<br />Are they your rights to give?<br />Self-archive where? <br />Institutional Repository<br />Subject Repository? For LIS: Elis<br />Slideshare, etc<br />What terms of use ?<br />This presentation on Cilip’sMmIT page, in Strathprints (shortly) and on slideshare. http://www.slideshare.net/rjohnrobertson/<br />
    30. 30. Any Questions?<br />Contact details:<br />R. John Robertson<br />Robert.robertson@strath.ac.uk<br />Kavubob on twitter<br />http://blogs.cetis.ac.uk/johnr/<br />
    31. 31. Additional References (and credits)<br />Peter Suber, Open Access Overview http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm<br />Repositories Support Project http://www.rsp.ac.uk/<br />

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