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Grafting Techniques
Presented by
Rizwan Abbas
Grafting
• Graft:
Tissue separated from its donor , which then
replace the tissue of recipient.
• History
Technique of ski...
Grafting
• Grafting is synonymous to transplantation.
• It refers to movement or transfer of
component of body to another ...
Historical Back ground
• Modern grafting techniques was described by
Reverdin in 1869.
• Also known as pinch graft.
• pinc...
• In modern era we are familiar of surgery.
• It is the form of grafting.
• Sushruta Samhita is known as father of
Surgery...
Significance
• The purpose include,
• To repair of wounds.
• Reducing sufferings.
• Reconstruction of fracture bones and t...
Techniques of grafting
• Grafting refers to transplantation.
• Categorized as,
1-Autografts
2-Allografts
3-Xenografts
Auto grafts
• Are autogenic/Autologous
• Most common method.
• Transfer of tissues or organs within individual.
• Examples...
Allo grafts
• Allogenic or Homologous
• Involve transfer from one individual to a
different individual of the same species...
Xeno Grafts
• It comes from the Greek word "xenos"
meaning stranger, guest, or host.
• Involve transfer across species bar...
Immuno suppresion
• Refers to the drugs administered immediately
post transplant to induce immuno
suppression.
• Biologic ...
Grafting techniques by rizwan abbas baho
Grafting techniques by rizwan abbas baho
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Grafting techniques by rizwan abbas baho

Grafting techniques by rizwan abbas baho

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Grafting techniques by rizwan abbas baho

  1. 1. Grafting Techniques Presented by Rizwan Abbas
  2. 2. Grafting • Graft: Tissue separated from its donor , which then replace the tissue of recipient. • History Technique of skin harvesting and transplantation was initially described approximately 2500-3000 years ago with the Hindu Tilemaker Caste, in which skin grafting was used to reconstruct noses that were amputated as a means of judicial punishment.
  3. 3. Grafting • Grafting is synonymous to transplantation. • It refers to movement or transfer of component of body to another site. • It may uses, cells ,  tissues ,  even organs
  4. 4. Historical Back ground • Modern grafting techniques was described by Reverdin in 1869. • Also known as pinch graft. • pinch graft. Technique in which small piece or full-thickness skin are obtained by "pinching" a fold of skin and cutting across its base.
  5. 5. • In modern era we are familiar of surgery. • It is the form of grafting. • Sushruta Samhita is known as father of Surgery • John Hunter (1728-1793) is the Father of Modern Surgery. He invented new procedures such as tracheotomy.
  6. 6. Significance • The purpose include, • To repair of wounds. • Reducing sufferings. • Reconstruction of fracture bones and tissues. • Organ transplantation.(overcome functional deficiency) • examples.: Skin grafting , Bone grafting etc.
  7. 7. Techniques of grafting • Grafting refers to transplantation. • Categorized as, 1-Autografts 2-Allografts 3-Xenografts
  8. 8. Auto grafts • Are autogenic/Autologous • Most common method. • Transfer of tissues or organs within individual. • Examples • Skin grafts • vein grafts • NO immuno suppression
  9. 9. Allo grafts • Allogenic or Homologous • Involve transfer from one individual to a different individual of the same species. • Immuno suppression is required. • Example: kidney transplantation
  10. 10. Xeno Grafts • It comes from the Greek word "xenos" meaning stranger, guest, or host. • Involve transfer across species barriers. • Requires immuno suppresion. • E.g Bio artificial organs , tissues
  11. 11. Immuno suppresion • Refers to the drugs administered immediately post transplant to induce immuno suppression. • Biologic agents (monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies) • Nonbiologic agents (corticosteroids,azathioprine )

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