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Maslow's Human Needs


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Introduction to Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs for IHS

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Maslow's Human Needs

  1. 1. Intro to Health Science St. 8 *
  2. 2. * *Define Human needs and ways they can be met. *Establish understanding of how needs are prioritized under Maslow’s Hierarchy. *Discuss how needs impact the various elements of wellness.
  3. 3. * *Psychology is the study of human behavior. *Psychologist observe behavior and create theories to explain why people think and act the way that they do.
  4. 4. * *Abraham Maslow was am American psychologist who studied and applied a Humanistic approach. *Humanistics follow a holistic approach to studying human behavior that focuses on helping people reach their own personal potential. *Maslow’s most famous work was on his Hierarchy of Human needs, which he believed explained the motivations for human behavior.
  5. 5. * *Needs are thing which we are unwell or in a state of suffering without *Some needs are more important than other needs *Humans have levels of needs that impact wellness
  6. 6. * *To be “well”, a person must be functioning to the standard that they define as acceptable *Physically *Socially *Emotionally *Spiritually *Wellness is subjective (varies from person to person)
  7. 7. * *Meeting our needs is how we achieve and maintain wellness. *We have physical, emotional, social and spiritual needs.
  8. 8. * *Nature does this for us: *We literally can’t live without our physical needs being met. *Ex: You can live for 2 to 4 minutes without air. *Beyond physical needs, psychology takes over.
  9. 9. *
  10. 10. * *Physiological needs include air, water, food, sleep, protection from elements, and elimination of waste. *These needs may fail to be met in situations of illness, disaster or poverty and can result in death.
  11. 11. * *Safety needs include feelings of security, free from fear or anxiety. *These needs can be interfered with by actual insecurity or perceived insecurity. What mental illness might cause “perceived insecurity”?
  12. 12. * *These are social and emotional needs. Humans need to feel connection to others, community, and love. *These needs vary from person to person. They can be interfered with by emotional issues or cultural issues. Social Media?
  13. 13. * *Esteem is our opinion of ourselves, and other’s opinion of us. This is strongly connected to our sense of connection to others, and our security in or relationships. *When these needs are unmet, low self esteem may occur and lead to degradation of other needs.
  14. 14. * *Maslow considered this the ideal and highest level of function. It involves integration and meeting all other needs, and is very internal. *Self actualized people are confident, meeting their own expectations of their highest potential. *This is a process or journey, not a destination.“What a man can be, he must be.”
  15. 15. * *Has your definition of needs changed from before this lesson? *Can you see how some needs vary from person to person?