RENEWAL and JLICA: key findings from collaboration


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Presentation given at the Sixth RENEWAL Regional Workshop: A decade of work on HIV, food and nutrition security. By Scott Drimie

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  • RENEWAL and JLICA: key findings from collaboration

    1. 1. Social Protection to reduce HIV Risks and Mitigate Impacts<br /> AIDS, Community Resilience, and Social protection <br />Key findings from collaboration with JLICA<br />
    2. 2. Regional Food Security: Underlying Situation<br />Vulnerability increased as a result of complex, inter-related issues, compounding the burden on kinship support structures<br />Series of episodic shocks<br />Floods<br />Drought<br />2001|2002 harvest failure<br />2005/2006 harvest failure<br />2008 Food Price Crisis<br />Maize growing<br />area<br />Area of extended<br />drought<br />
    3. 3. De Waal A, Whiteside A. Lancet 2003<br /><ul><li>Southern Africa drought and food crisis compounds AIDS epidemic
    4. 4. Historical coping strategies are in danger of collapsing
    5. 5. Food crisis more intractable</li></li></ul><li>Social Protection and Southern Africa<br /> Social protection enables individuals, families, and communities to:<br />reduce risk and vulnerability, <br /> mitigate the impacts of stresses and shocks, and <br /> to support people who suffer from chronic incapacities to secure basic livelihoods<br /> If designed to do so, social protection can enable people to move structurally out of poverty by building assets, and by altering social relations.<br />
    6. 6. What was JLICA?<br /><ul><li>An independent, time-limited alliance
    7. 7. Dedicated to improving the wellbeing of children, families and communities affected by HIV and AIDS
    8. 8. Over 2 years mobilisedbest available evidence to identify priority recommendations for policy and practice
    9. 9. Generated 50+ systematic reviews & other research products</li></li></ul><li>JLICA/RENEWAL Report<br />“What is the Potential of Cash Transfers to Strengthen Families affected by HIV and AIDS? A review of the evidence on impacts and key policy debates” <br /> (Adato and Bassett 2008) <br />“Offers the most comprehensive treatment of the topic in the literature and promises to advance relevant policy debates in a substantive manner” (JLICA Annual Report) <br />Developed conceptual framework for understanding the role of different approaches<br />Considered all approaches and then focused on cash transfers for the poorest, most severely affected families<br />
    10. 10. SOCIAL PROTECTION: OBJECTIVES AND INTERVENTIONS<br />Lower capacities-----------------------------------------Higher capacitiesFaster to scale----------------------------------------------Slower to scaleLower inputs-----------------------------------------------Higher inputs<br /> Protective Preventative Promotional Transformational<br />Secure basic consumption<br />Reduce fluctuations in consumption and avert asset reduction<br />Enable people to save, invest, and accumulate through<br />reduction in risk and income variation<br />Build, diversify, and enhance use of assets<br /><ul><li> Reduce access constraints
    11. 11. Directly provide or loan assets
    12. 12. Build linkages with institutions</li></ul>Transform institutions and relationships<br /><ul><li> Economic
    13. 13. Political
    14. 14. Social
    15. 15. Public works
    16. 16. Insurance (e.g. health, asset)
    17. 17. Unconditional cash transfers
    18. 18. Livelihoods support
    19. 19. Savings and credit</li></ul>Conditional cash transfers<br /><ul><li>Food Transfers</li></ul>Conditional food transfers<br /><ul><li>Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition
    20. 20. Child and adult education/skills
    21. 21. Early childhood development</li></ul>(Source: Adato<br />and Bassett 2008)<br />
    22. 22. Selected Findings<br />Critical to rapidly scale-up for families affected by AIDS<br />Cash transfers are easier to scale up quickly, and require less recipient capacity, than other interventions<br />Cash transfers implemented in conjunction with non-mandatory complementary services appropriately tailored<br />Strengthen service supply and quality, and pilot conditionality<br />Targeting of families and children should focus on poverty, with an HIV lens, not AIDS-affected or orphans exclusively<br />
    23. 23. Influence on JLICA Policy Recommendations<br /><ul><li>RENEWAL report provides basis of JLICA final report’s key recommendations on social protection and income transfers </li></ul>JLICA 2009: Home Truths: Facing the Facts on Children, AIDS, and Poverty:<br /><ul><li>“Harness national social protection for vulnerable families as a critical lever to improve children’s outcomes in the context of HIV and AIDS”
    24. 24. Use income transfers as a ”leading edge” intervention to rapidly improve outcomes for extremely vulnerable children and families”</li></li></ul><li>Policy Outreach<br />African Union Regional Experts Meetings on Social Protection, <br /> Kampala, Cairo, Dakar.<br />CAADP Consultations<br />SADC Social Protection Framework<br />Keynote presentation at the DFID/JLICA/IATT meeting on Cash Transfer Programmes and Children Affected by HIV and AIDS, London, 2007<br />Several sessions on Children and AIDS, XVII IAC, Mexico City, 2008<br />UNICEF, GTZ, JLICA, RIATT/CABA-WCAR-ILO Symposium Satellite session, ICASA, Dakar 2008<br /> WFP Special Session on Nutrition and Food Security in HIV context, ICASA, Dakar 2008<br />