TTS Calabogie Mentorship Sessions_notes all sessions
Teeny Tiny Summit
April 4, 2019; Calabogie
Mentorship Table Discussion: Alternative Water/Wastewater Servicing
for Small Villages
Mentor: Joe Gallivan, County of Frontenac
Joe Gallivan is the Director of Planning & Economic Development for Frontenac County
and a member of the County Planning Directors of Ontario. He has over 30-years’
experience in planning with municipal, regional and provincial governments in both
Nova Scotia and Ontario. Joe has a Master’s degree in Urban and Rural Planning from
Name Location Comments
Joe Frontenac Disconnect with MMAH on rural issues is causing
problems for planners. Asked them to take a statement
out of their O.P. regarding how limiting servicing is on
development. MMAH response to this challenge, “You
can just service them.”
Financial risk to communal services beyond 5
lots. They have set up a reserve fund and a
utility. They have to report back on water quality and
The install of communal systems is
critical. Engineering is critical. If you are going to have
a breakdown it will happen in the first year.
Township of Rideau Lakes has a study on their website
of providing communal services to rural
municipalities. It’s a great resource.
Ontario Onsite Wastewater Association.
Municipality has established a reserve fund to prove
the technology. In the future it will be funded by
Systems are modular. You can add new units to
expand them over time. That allows for a slower pace
of development in rural communities.
Met with developers and shared the first round of
numbers. Getting good feedback. They can make
money on these smaller lots. This is an affordable
Companies offering these systems: Clearford,
Newterra (North Grenville), Waterloo Biofilter, etc.
Good solution for tiny homes
The County has taken measures to mitigate the
financial risk to developers by establishing a reserve
fund. This is funded through the County’s sustainability
reserve fund. Developers will contribute to that fund
The municipality has received a quote from a company
to do some remedial work on an existing system for a
small residential area in the community of
$12,400/home based on over 40 homes. MOE has to
do an assessment done, $125,000 for study. This is
remedial work, not new construction. Johnstown. The
output from this system will be water that is drinkable
but it will be expelled into the St. Lawrence.
System has a lifespan of 50 years.
Problem would be solved if MOE was given a $50
million reserve fund to make this happen.
Centre for Alternative Wastewater Services at Fleming
College could be a resource. They work all over the
Oro Medonte Has a communal wastewater treatment system
How will OMAFRA deal with sludge and application in
the future if municipalities are required to have capacity
to deal with this?
If the system fails the County is picking up the tab.
Clearford will operate the system for 30 years. There
will be utility fees to residents. After 30 years the
municipality can take over the system but they don’t
Building Relationships/Collaborations with
First Nations Communities for Community
Mentor: Dora Yateman, Community Volunteer.
Dora is from Bancroft, and is an Algonquin/Nipissing Baptiste Family descendant. She is retired, but very
active in her community. She sits on the boards of four not for profit corporations. She is involved with
two LHIN committees, and an Indigenous Regional Governance Circle for an Indigenous Interprofssional
Primary Health Team Committee. She is also a member of the Bancroft Lions Club.
The Bancroft Algonquin Coimmunity and the Algonquins of Ontario collaborated with the Town of
Bancroft and several local organizations for the Canada 150 Eagles’ Nest Algonquin Story. The rest of this
collaboration continues to thrive for community projects today.
This is an overview of Dora’s description of that Eagle’s Nest initiative.
Eagle’s Nest Initiative:
Trails group in Bancroft required to consult with Algonquin nation, as the region is unceded Algonquin
- Wanted to survey the entire history of area, first nation and settler
- Made it collaborative effort
- Put up kiosks with storyboards – received a Canada 150 grant for these
- Consulted with geologists, naturalists, understanding the features and provide it in an
- Worked as a group to promote it in social media
- Printed brochures
- Did memorial fundraising, allowing community members to donate in memory of a loved one
- “Hawkwatch” hills that you can see there were once a glacial lake
- Now called York River
- Created great relationships, common understanding
- Now expanding trails into crown land
- Eagles’ Nest Park belongs to town of Bancroft
- Nations gathering will be in Bancroft, sunrise ceremony will happen on Eagle’s Nest (the Eagle is
symbolic because travels between us and the creator and carries prayers)
o Drumming circles
o Sound is amplified, resonates
o July 13 2019
o Hosting birchbark canoe build this year, partnered with museum
- Opened up classes at AI centre
- Partnered with North Hastings Childrens’ Centre, developed Algonquin themed Early ON centre
for young families, cultural teachings, language, well being classes, many people in classes are
Algonquin trying to relearn language.
- Some ceremonies are sacred, but it’s important to adapt so it is able to be shared and educate
- Willingness to share makes collaboration successful
Keys to Success:
- All beings, all have something to share
- Overcoming bias
- Working together
A neighbouring community did not invite indigenous community to their initaitives, and the reason was
that they did not know how.
Lesson: reach out, find your indigenous neighbours, don’t be afraid to reach out
Hiawatha, Ojibway, Mohawks, Iroquois, etc. many nations are in the area. You can find out whether you
are in treaty territory, and if you are, they will have a band office, and you can approach them there.
Motto: No question is a dumb question except the one that wasn’t asked.
10 communities, Pikwakanagan is one of them
In North Algona Wilberforce, they have worked with Pikwakanagan on educational activities and events.
County of Renfrew had healthy kids grant, and initiative involved not just physical activity but cultural
North Hastings Bancroft Heritage Museum (where canoe build takes place)
- Has indigenous room with references to local families and family history.
Algonquin and Odeswan centre in Maynooth
- Logo is a circle – circle of life,
- Parents and two children
- Book is open to learning
- Drum making
- Basket making
- Rattle making
Sister community Whitney has a powwow every year on whitefish lake in Algonquin park. Always the
weekend after the long weekend in August.
Are there are existing partnerships in Quebec?
- Canoe builder is from Quebec
- Painted blot quilt maker is located there.
- Eight Algonquin families working on poster board.
Being approached often to partner
- Indigenous day 2019 and 2018, invited to perform singing and drumming
- Canada Day
- Summer Solstice
- Three tails working on getting running this year. Will be doing drumming and singing there.
Who leads the trail development?
- Dora is a representative for the indigenous community on the committee led by the municipality
- Also sits on the health advisory committee as patient representative, been asked to provide
information on palliative care to improve those services.
North Algona Wilberforce: Circle of the Turtle Lodge approached NAW, asked to do a workshop for
council and community to educate on their traditions such as smudging, drumming, etc.
What is end goal of the trails project?
- Dora is now elected as chair for committee
- Vision is to have trails identified in the colours, in the shape of a moccasin, to demonstrate that
you are on indigenous land, and that the indigenous people are helping you along as you hike,
identifying difficulty level
- Respect for forest which gives us life.
Hastings Trails – to take care of all 23 trails in North Hastings, which are unmarked and not marketed.
Now moving toward county-wide trails project.
In Quinte, will be in Mohawk Territory, will work with these groups to build on trails network.
Trails do not keep to municipal boundaries.
Trails are important for healthy participation, activity, education
Some social trails need to be closed off as they cross sensitive areas
Were donated trees to plant to block off social trails by the North Hastings Stewardship Group (?)
Has taken a couple of years to build up the collaboration.
One property is on crown land, other three trails on municipal property. Will be developing MOU
between indigenous groups and municipalities. Dora has taken an archeology course to identify features
Have an MOU with town, have put in garbage cans and have their own trail monitors and work bees,
etc. It’s everyone’s land, belongs to all of us. Need to care for mother earth.
Biases, and cultural clashes handled discreetly and diplomatically. For example, a historian was willing to
participate until he found out first nations people were involved. Someone else was asked, and that
person was very engaged. Find the right partners. Thank people for their time and invite to reconnect at
a different time. Never shut the door.
- Easy to get into small groups and make decisions without consulting full range of voices
- Make decisions together
- Seek more user feedback from end users (what did you not like/like about the trail?)
- Getting ambassador in place to help get this info.
- Theme for the trail would be red: west; black: south, yellow: east, north, white (black doesn’t
show up on trees)
- Lengthy discussions deferred to next meeting for further thought.
- Aim for consensus but at least majority.
- Drill down into negative comments: why do you think it wont’ work? Can we address that?
Need to go out into businesses in town, partner with them, ask them for coupons to hand out on Eagles’
Need to make it fun
Aim to help businesses in town, not to take business away.
Drumming circles, canoe building – more and more people coming and wanting to learn. Participants
invited to take part by doing the activities.
Visitors from all over the world showing interest from Europe.
Very interested in the Algonquin story of the eagles’ nest – both visitors and locals can benefit from
visiting to see how it’s been developed. Many visitors curious to learn about Algonquin culture, eg.
Sacred fire, using tobacco, smudging, beginning and ending feast.
Giving of tobacco as a gift: Traditional tobacco comes from circle of turtle lodge – whole leaves. Could
use recreational in a pinch, but for special ceremonies it must be ceremonial tobacco. It’s considered a
“cold blooded plant”, you can throw seeds on ground and they will grow.
Will be planting sacred plants such as sweetgrass, sage, cedar, tobacco will be planted at Eagle’s nest.
“inodewiziwin” = family
Mohawks of Bay of Quinte recently got grant for health care across SW LHIN, have reached out to
Algonquins, cultural traditions are different between two groups
- Want to have the initiative include traditional medicine as well as mainstream medicine.
OMAFRA workshops co-facilitated with Mohawks of Bay of Quinte.
Teeny Tiny Summit
April 4, 2019; Calabogie
Mentorship Table Discussion: Municipal-Volunteer Partnerships
Mentor: Don Bishop – Eganville and Area Community Development Group
Don Bishop, a native of Newfoundland moved to Eganville with his family as a preteen in the
late 60’s. Started his first business at the age of 20, started 2 more since, then partnered on 2
more startups all in Renfrew county that are both national and international in market scope. All
are involved with the water industry in one way or another in an environmental aspect.
Don is an environmentalist, not an activist but rather a solution provider. He travelled the world
for 24 years building his companies bringing proof that you do not need to be in a big city to
make business happen. He consistently challenges conformity and is well known as an
interrupter of existing technologies and patterns.
His travels allowed him to see, in so many cases what could be and he never once lost sight of
where he lived and why he wanted to live in the area. The challenge he continued to witness
was with so much evidence out in the world of what could be, why were we not seeing this
change in smaller communities.
Now semi-retired he devotes much of his time to the Eganville and Area Community
Development Group which he co-founded with the mandate to revitalize the area as a place to
work, play and live.
• EACDG is a volunteer community group
• Don Bishop travelled the world and wondered why can’t we do what others are doing. He figured
that we can!
• He met with Bruce Firestone, who advises on Animating Communities.
• Hand picked 8 business people to come into the council Chamber. They had to make a list of the 6
assets and 6 wants. They couldn’t bring any negativity into the room. Don had to be very direct.
Bruce identified the number one asset as the river which runs through the community. They are
halfway between Ottawa and Algonquin park.
• The Bonnechere River is a major asset not being used for anything other than power generation and
swimming. People love being on or near water so what did this group do. They created McRae Look
• Small communities don’t see the opportunities but they should.
• Pro bono is a favourite word.
• Dana Jennings and municipality held a Community meeting – idea bombing session.
• Old coop mill was a mess. Bruce went to Mayor and asked if they could clean it up.
• John Duncan McRae bought the saw mill and two dams.
• Then needed to find innovative ways to raise money for McRae Park.
• Got a selected group of people from different backgrounds to help raise money for the community.
They did a dinner on the bridge.
• Found 2500 old cheese boxes so they had a “cheese box” race. They made $8500.00.
• Goals: Bring attention to community that they were going through change, come up with new ideas
and keep the youth there. Raise money for the new waterfront. Have fun. They got sponsors, tv and
• Boardwalk dock and fishing dock. He asked lumber companies for help.
• Eganville is the geographical centre of Renfew County.
• Bicycles became a big part of what they are doing.
• Signage campaign - Came up with new signs so you can find what you want even if you don’t speak
• Marketing program and beautification committee to put murals and life trees in the community.
• Most of their group do not live in Eganville. They became more professional and created a vision and
• They also got enhanced cell phone service.
• You need to meet and engage the council and let them know the plans and get their support in
writing. Good paper means good business.
• One issue was they didn’t have enough parking and within two weeks they got an additional 120
• Work with council to find ways to get stuff done.
• Volunteerism – volunteers are not employees or servants. You have to talk up to volunteers.
• Watch for new councils coming in.
• Make projects such as the Boardwalk dock where they can hold events throughout the year.
• Have to reach out to the press.
• Social media and websites are very important.
• Engage neighbouring communities.
• They realize that they are a day destination place. They are coming up with a map so it shows places
in the surrounding area to stay.
• Doug Griffiths “13 ways to kill a community” – everyone needs to watch this.
• Number one enemy is the coffee shops – not the shops themselves – its what is said inside them.
• Deal with negativity as soon as you hear it.
• Be prepared to fire some volunteers if you need to because they will bring the ship down.
Volunteers are not worthless they are priceless.
• Fundraising – dock boards were getting damaged so instead they put up a plaque with all the
sponsors names on it.
• They also went for a bronze, silver and gold sponsorships.
• Everytime a car stops in Eganville that mean money.
• Ask for help, for goods or services to be donated. Don’t be offended by those that say no.
• Be careful of burnout. Need to have fun, stay focused and remember why you are doing it.
• How do you recruit volunteers? Go out and ask. Once you have the momentum people will come
• What they have asked the Municipalities for is in-kind things. The amount of fundraising and work
that has been done is inspiring.
• They did their research on dock and costs by visiting other communities such as Huntsville.
• The Municipalities insurance covers volunteers doing work.
• How did this get started? Started with Bruce and then the meeting with the 8 people, then went on
to the Idea bombing session.
• This was started 30 months ago.
• If you can prove that people are coming to your town and spending money that’s what the
Municipality wants to hear.
• There is no competition with other communities.
• They involved other groups such as the Rotary group. They coordinate events with these groups so
there is no overlap with their events.
• They have a representative from council on their committee.
• We are good people with talent and we will get it finished.
Teeny Tiny Summit
April 4, 2019; Calabogie
Mentorship Table Discussion: Newcomer Attraction to Small Places
Mentor: Conor Leggott
Community Settlement Initiative
Conor Leggott has ten years’ experience as a dynamic facilitator and a strong advocate for
newcomers to Canada, youth, environmental issues, and employment. Education is a passion
of his in developing curriculum and delivering experiential workshops. He has a Bachelor of Arts
with Honours in Sociology-Anthropology from the University of Prince Edward Island and always
takes opportunities to learn new things. Conor has a rich history of building bridges between
community, government, and businesses in Ontario, the East Coast, and Canada’s North.
Conor lives in Renfrew County with his wife where they enjoy trivia nights, snowshoeing, and
visiting the library.
Community Settlement Initiative (CSI) doing a 3 yr pilot program
Goal to create a welcoming community in Renfrew and Lanark Counties for Newcomers to Canada
There are three priorities: Immigration, settlement, language
Immigration – challenges with coming to Canada are paper work and legal advice, which is not something
that this office works specifically with. Their focus is language - learning English and/or French as
additional language to the newcomer’s primary language.
Employment social integration – make friends and make them feel welcome
CSI works closely with Marja Huis of the Local Immigration Partnership and Matt LeMay from the Labour
Market Group of Renfrew and Lanark
CSI assists with:
• the settlement of newcomers
• Talking to new comers regarding settlement services in Renfrew & Lanark counties
• Help with housing and employment
Rural areas have different difficulties because of geographical size where brick and mortar offices in one
location do not work –travel involved
Settlement services are their strength
There are four staff in the office who drive to communities to talk to businesses who want to hire or work
with newcomers and to teach the businesses and communities how to work through any friction
Assist with directing to service providers such as Service ON and the Robbie Dean Centre and with
communities (through neighbours, spouses or groups such as girl guides) make the newcomer
comfortable and part of community
Build capacity with those service providers who may be willing but not able to due to lack of experience
role is to make both comfortable
Group exercise: put their arms across their body then cross other way – participants were asked how that
felt? -awkward, strange, foreign, which illustrates how a newcomer feels dealing with foreign body
language and traditions. Newcomers feel this way everyday all day. Newcomers have to adjust to adapt
to our way of feeling and locals needs to work with the newcomer to make them feel welcome
Attraction to the newcomer is economic necessity and skilled labour shortage that could be filled by a
Marja – sets up small employers in Renfrew & Lanark Counties (contact her if you know of any employers
in Renfrew or Lanark Counties who would be interested in hiring newcomers)
Youth employment – get pilot program going with youth at a new school & getting local kids involved
Don’t tell youth how to integrate newcomers - have youth led initiatives and give them the resources to let
them plan their own events
Find out what attracted the newcomer to the area to help understand how to keep them in your
Algonquin college International students – find out what would make them stay in the area after
• Free services
• Training for staff
• Needs assessment
Thoughts and ideas for your area?
• GTA colleges had mentor program to help find newcomer to stay in area – partner with local
• Emphasize importance of seeing the differences from their culture to the new culture etc add on
language and completely different culture this is what was involved with a Syrian family moved
into Eganville – the community was fantastic but they left for Toronto for similar friends and
backgrounds – how do you get around these difficulties?
• You can trace each wave of integration over the years and know that yes it can work
• More immigrants you have in the community the more they will want to stay
• The process is awkward – sometimes it doesn’t work ie if they have family in a larger community
it’s out of your control to keep them in the smaller community
What do you suggest that we can make them feel more welcome?
• It is ok to be direct especially if there is a language barrier to make sure there is understanding
• Invite them to events – ask what would make them feel welcome?
• Multicultural day
• Activities around the children ie hospital in Shawville
• Corporation in Toronto – do pot luck bring dish w recipe and talk about it
• CNL – unity diversity day
• Majority of residents in Renfrew County have not travelled much they are “not worldly” – try to
educate locals about a newcomer’s cultural backgrounds. If you hear from communities that they
aren’t “worldly” CSI will train them to communicate
• Why not invite other Canadians (from GTA/Alberta ie) as a start to move to this area
• Hard to see it as a challenge not to accept people moving into your community
• Has to happen in small communities happened in Lanark Village – takes leadership
• Local events should be a way to invite and include newcomers ie dining event is ours/yours
• Cultural sharing events are very important but be careful to not only do that dance/food event
once you’ve shared that you feel that s not only what is shared also look at local economic dev
• Local women’s group invited newcomers to join them at their table to talk - inclusion with others
at the table
• Match up those without a degree with a business that is struggling to hire
• Glengarry pulls from Montreal area – kids should be who you concentrate on - they have their first
language as well as English or French
• Interested in getting Maja as an immigration liaise for Lanark and Renfrew County
• Should work in these communities
• May need 8 people to start ESL class. They are working with volunteers who work on a one-on-
one basis. Maja and a co-worker train volunteers to teach English. If different communities work
together they might have 8 between them (ie Renfrew/Arnprior) CSI will try to bring together
• Elearning – technology education by distance English language assessment in Ottawa will do
video assessment Colin will set this up
• Hub out of Ottawa University offers legal advice for newcomers using video conferencing
• Renfrew Library – sign up for courses ESL have enough will hold courses – Lana works with
• Have resources made available to newcomers is important
• Suggest the newcomer use the library or café, or Conor can help if library not available if the
newcomer doesn’t have access to a computer
• Businesses work with Lindsay Wilson in the town of Arnprior for help with filling out paperwork
and helping to explain it
• Use technology as a central spot to share where to find help
• May need to make special reach out
• Let Conor or your community know if a newcomer is identifying a special need
• As a newcomer in Holland he received flowers, coupons etc. Is there anyone anywhere in the
Counties that do welcome packages? Welcome wagon – used in the past but is not as widely
available now - opportunity for a local municipality?
• Chela Breckon at Local Immigration Partnerships is another resource that can be used