Why Aid for Education to India? <ul><li>Christopher Colclough and Anuradha De </li></ul>
Main question: in what ways and to what extent has aid influenced educational policy in India Methods:  -Documentary sourc...
<ul><li>Changed Aid Intentions 1990-2000   </li></ul><ul><li>Education, aid and Development – the shift to basics </li></u...
New Instruments and Modalities Aid Effectiveness – selectivity Paris Declaration Programme Aid – SWAPs -Budgetary Support
 
 
Aid to Education in India <ul><li>Donor Interests  </li></ul><ul><li>-Poverty focus (Primary ed) </li></ul><ul><li>-Effect...
Expenditure allocations for Elementary Education during different Plans (Rs. Crore) Source: Annual Financial Statistics, G...
Estimates of Foreign aid to Elementary Education in India  *Aid to CSS in EE: Bashir (2000), @aid to EE: Tilak (2008),  **...
Modalities <ul><li>Phase 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Many Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Several Don...
Distribution of Central Expenditure across Centrally Sponsored Schemes in Elementary Education  (per cent) * domestic comp...
Modalities <ul><li>Phase 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from Project to Programme Support </l...
Summing Up <ul><li>Impact of Donors on Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Why Aid? </li></ul><ul><li>What of the Future? </li></ul>
End <ul><li>  Thank you </li></ul>
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Whyaidforeducationindia

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RECOUP presentation at the mid-term dissemination conference in India, Dec 2008

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Whyaidforeducationindia

  1. 2. Why Aid for Education to India? <ul><li>Christopher Colclough and Anuradha De </li></ul>
  2. 3. Main question: in what ways and to what extent has aid influenced educational policy in India Methods: -Documentary sources -Interviews amongst government, aid community and NGOs The paper is Work in Progress
  3. 4. <ul><li>Changed Aid Intentions 1990-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Education, aid and Development – the shift to basics </li></ul><ul><li>Changing priorities in aid to education </li></ul><ul><li>Jomtien Conference 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Aid promises not met by 2000 and resource gap increased </li></ul><ul><li>Millennium Conference and the MDGs </li></ul>
  4. 5. New Instruments and Modalities Aid Effectiveness – selectivity Paris Declaration Programme Aid – SWAPs -Budgetary Support
  5. 8. Aid to Education in India <ul><li>Donor Interests </li></ul><ul><li>-Poverty focus (Primary ed) </li></ul><ul><li>-Effectiveness of spending </li></ul><ul><li>-transparency </li></ul><ul><li>-agreement on policy objectives </li></ul><ul><li>National Interests </li></ul><ul><li>-resources </li></ul><ul><li>-international best practice </li></ul><ul><li>-monitoring systems </li></ul><ul><li>-advocacy </li></ul>
  6. 9. Expenditure allocations for Elementary Education during different Plans (Rs. Crore) Source: Annual Financial Statistics, GOI, relevant years Five Year Plan Total Approved External Aid received External aid approved 7 th Plan 1987-1992 658.49 8.62 8 th Plan 1992-1997 4006.55 613.62 632 9 th Plan 1997-2002 14754 4093 8724 10 th Plan 2002-2007 28750 - 4904
  7. 10. Estimates of Foreign aid to Elementary Education in India *Aid to CSS in EE: Bashir (2000), @aid to EE: Tilak (2008), **BE for edu projects in central Plan, expenditure budgets of GOI (Rs. Crore) Year External aid to elementary education Year External aid to elementary education 1992-3* 4.00 2001-2** 1212.34 1993-4* 9.76 2002-3** 1383.09 1994-5* 103.33 2003-4** 939.59 1995-6* 215.94 2004-5** 683.45 1996-7* 201.62 2005-6** 1996.5 1997-8* 561.89 2006-7** 1647 1998-9* 585.3 2007-8** 1677.6 1999-2000# 729 2008-9** 1584 2000-1# 948
  8. 11. Modalities <ul><li>Phase 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Many Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Several Donors </li></ul><ul><li>DPEP </li></ul>
  9. 12. Distribution of Central Expenditure across Centrally Sponsored Schemes in Elementary Education (per cent) * domestic component of SSA 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2002-7 Tch Tng 14.9 26.4 28.4 21.8 8.9 6.4 3.9 5.8 5.4 6.1 3.2 NFE 14.1 14.3 46.6 37.0 12.7 10.1 8.1 5.8 5.4 5.2 0.0 OB 62.0 49.9 7.8 6.1 22.3 17.8 13.3 11.1 10.2 13.5 0.2 Midday Meal 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 36.7 51.0 47.2 51.0 51.1 39.9 20.5 DPEP (EAP) 0.0 0.0 1.5 26.5 16.7 11.7 24.7 20.1 20.4 25.2 13.9 Other EAP 0.0 0.0 7.9 5.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.8 2.2 Other 8.9 9.4 7.8 3.6 0.4 0.7 0.5 4.0 5.2 7.3 57.2*
  10. 13. Modalities <ul><li>Phase 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from Project to Programme Support </li></ul><ul><li>Donors’ Changing Role </li></ul>
  11. 14. Summing Up <ul><li>Impact of Donors on Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Why Aid? </li></ul><ul><li>What of the Future? </li></ul>
  12. 15. End <ul><li> Thank you </li></ul>

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