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ANOREXIA  AND  BULIMIA
Anorexia nervous  is a psychiatric illness that describes an eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight an...
·Physical· <ul><li>Extreme weight loss
Body mass index less than 17.5 in adults, or 85% of expected weight in children
Stunted growth
Constantly feeling cold
Reduction in white blood cell count
Reduced immune system function
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Presentation Anorexic And Bulimic

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Presentation Anorexic And Bulimic

  1. 1. ANOREXIA AND BULIMIA
  2. 2. Anorexia nervous is a psychiatric illness that describes an eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight and body image distortion with an obsessive fear of gaining weight. Individuals with anorexia are known to control body weight commonly through the means of voluntary starvation, excessive exercise, or other weight control measures such as diet pills or diuretic drugs. While the condition primarily affects adolescent females approximately 10% of people with the diagnosis are male. Anorexia nervous, psychological, and sociological components, is a complex condition that can lead to death in severe cases.
  3. 3. ·Physical· <ul><li>Extreme weight loss
  4. 4. Body mass index less than 17.5 in adults, or 85% of expected weight in children
  5. 5. Stunted growth
  6. 6. Constantly feeling cold
  7. 7. Reduction in white blood cell count
  8. 8. Reduced immune system function
  9. 9. Tooth decay
  10. 10. Constipation
  11. 11. Dry skin
  12. 12. Headaches
  13. 13. Fragile appearance; frail body image
  14. 14. Slowing of the growth rate of breasts
  15. 15. Fainting </li></ul>
  16. 16. ·Psychological· <ul><li>Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
  17. 17. Belief that control over food/body is synonymous with being in control of one's life.
  18. 18. Refusal to accept that one's weight is dangerously low even when it could be deadly.
  19. 19. Pre-occupation or obsessive thoughts about food and weight. Refusal to accept that one's weight is normal, or healthy.
  20. 20. Depression and social withdrawal.
  21. 21. Distorted body image.
  22. 22. Poor insight.
  23. 23. Perfectionism.
  24. 24. Loss in memory.
  25. 25. Hallucinations.
  26. 26. Body starts to swell up </li></ul>
  27. 27. ·Emotional· <ul><li>Low self-esteem and self-efficacy
  28. 28. Phobia of becoming overweight
  29. 29. Clinical depression
  30. 30. Mood swings
  31. 31. Feelings of loneliness </li></ul>
  32. 32. Bulimia nervous is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors. The most common form—practiced by more than 75% of people with bulimia nervous—is self-induced vomiting, sometimes called purging; fasting, the use of laxatives, enemas, diuretics, and over exercising are also common. Bulimia nervous was named and first described by the British psychiatrist Gerald Russell in 1979.
  33. 33. ·Effects· These cycles often involve rapid and out-of-control eating, which may stop when the bulimic is interrupted by another person or the stomach hurts from overextension , followed by self-induced vomiting or other forms of purging. This cycle may be repeated several times a week or, in more serious cases, several times a day, and may directly cause: <ul><li>Chronic gastric reflux after eating
  34. 34. Dehydration
  35. 35. Inflammation of the esophagus
  36. 36. Oral trauma, in which repetitive insertion of fingers
  37. 37. Constipation
  38. 38. Enlarged glands in the neck, under the jaw line
  39. 39. The frequent contact between teeth and gastric acid ,
  40. 40. in particular, may cause: </li></ul><ul><li>Severe caries
  41. 41. Erosion of tooth enamel
  42. 42. Swollen salivary glands </li></ul>
  43. 43. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_A9Kxks_Ko&feature=related

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