The New Frontier

399 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
399
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
43
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The New Frontier

  1. 1. RCSDIT
  2. 2. 1. Election of 19602. The Kennedy Mystique3. Success and Setbacks on the Domestic Front4. Warren Court Reforms
  3. 3.  1960 Presidential election beginsera of television politics TV becomes a voting tool Democratic – Catholic –Massachusetts: John F. Kennedy Republican – Quaker – Former V.P.:Richard Nixon Millions spent by Democrats andRepublicans on television andradio ads Campaigns◦ Kennedy shows concerns about the“missile gap”◦ Nixon believed foreign policy was onthe right track Televised debates influence theoutcome of the election Kennedy wins by a narrow margin
  4. 4.  Youth, optimism, andcharisma inspiredAmericans Inaugural address: “ask notwhat your country can dofor you – ask what you cando for your country” 1st president to broadcasthis press conferences liveon television
  5. 5.  New Frontier◦ Increase education aid◦ Provide health insurance to the elderly◦ Create Dept. of Urban Affairs◦ Help migrant workers Congress defeats many of hisproposals – too costly Kennedy advocated deficit spending Congress wanted to invest funds intodefense and space exploration Kennedy creates the Commission onthe Status of Women◦ Calls for the federal action againstgender discrimination and equal pay forwomen
  6. 6.  Earl Warren (Chief Justice) (WarrenCourt) activist role in social issues◦ Civil rights for African Americans◦ Freedom of the press◦ Separation of church and state◦ Rights of the accused Reapportionment –all votes wouldhave equal weight Due process – courts must treatindividuals fairly, and reasonablyand use proper procedures States could not imposed prayer inpublic schools Warren Court plays an immenserole in shaping national policy
  7. 7. 1. Global Challenges2. Bay of Pigs Invasion3. Berlin Wall4. Cuban Missile Crisis5. Death of a President
  8. 8.  Curb communism and reducethe threat of nuclear war Flexible response – build-up ofconventional weapons andtroops Supported Special Forcesdesigned to wage guerillawarfare Alliance for Progress designedto improve Latin Americanrelations◦ Cooperative aid projects to Centraland South American countries◦ Some governments made reforms,Some governments used the aid toremain in power Peace Corp established –designed to help lessdeveloped countries fightpoverty◦ Young Americans trained to assistcountries (2 years) Increased tensions caused thespace race (Kennedy pushes toput the 1st man on the moon)
  9. 9.  Cuba’s leader Fidel Castroforms an alliance with theSoviet Union Cuban exiles (La Brigada)trained to retake Cuba fromCastro 1961 – Kennedy order the Bayof Pigs Invasion – La Brigada iseither killed or captured byCastro’s army Failed attempt to overthrowCuban government
  10. 10.  Kennedy refuses to:◦ Recognize East Germany◦ Withdraw from West Berlin Berlin to prevent movementbetween the Soviet sector andthe rest of the city Symbolized the Cold Wardivision of East and West
  11. 11.  Soviets had placed long-rangeballistic missiles in Cuba Agreement reached:◦ US not to invade Cuba and takesmissiles out of Turkey◦ USSR takes missiles out of Cuba Brought the world to the brink ofnuclear war US and USSR agree to ban test ofnuclear warheads in theatmosphere Khrushchev’s fall attributed to theCuban Missile Crisis New leadership will spur on a hugeSoviet arms buildup
  12. 12.  Lee Harvey Oswald Dallas, TX Oswald killed two days later byJack Ruby The Warren Commissioninvestigates the shooting andproclaims that Oswald was thelone shooter. Conspiracy theories arise butnone gain wide acceptance Lyndon Johnson continuesKennedy’s programs

×