Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

6. progressive era and populism


Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Career
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

6. progressive era and populism

  1. 1. What are Labor Unions and why did theydevelop?
  2. 2.  Pullman Strike◦ Strike by railwayworkers◦ President GroverCleveland sends introops to break strike◦ Proved thatgovernment favoredbusiness over labor Haymarket SquareRiot◦ Labor rally in Chicago◦ Ended with a bombblast and riot leavingmany dead (7 policeofficers)◦ Knights of Labor wereblamed for casualties
  3. 3.  Monopolies restrictedcompetition Abuse of naturalresources Corporate wealth &power increased Social Darwinism 60 hour week Unsafe, unhealthyconditions No guarantees – littlejob security Low wages Women & childrenmade even less
  4. 4.  Industries unrestrained Courts failed to support fair standards Laissez-faire
  5. 5.  FARMERS PROTESTS THE IMPORTANCE OF A THIRD POLITICALPARTY Increased circulation of money unlimited minting of silver progressive income tax government ownership of national communicationand transportation
  6. 6.  Tax on imported goods-◦ discourages buying foreign goods andpromotes domestic industry farmers hurt◦ raised prices of manufactured goods◦ reduced international market forAmerican farm products
  7. 7. The Grange◦ farmers formedcooperatives◦ common politicalcauses◦ social outletFarmers Alliance◦ Federal regulationof railroads◦ more money incirculation◦ women played amajor role
  8. 8.  Protect Social Welfare Promote Moral Improvement Reform corruption in government Create economic reform
  9. 9.  Journalists & writers Artist & photographers Investigated & exposed corruption & injustices
  10. 10.  Pure Food & Drug Act Meat Inspection Act Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
  11. 11.  Jacob Riis Social Gospel Building codes◦ Better lighting◦ Better ventilated◦ More sanitary
  12. 12.  Settlement houses Education, child care, social activities, Help finding jobs Hull House – Chicago – Jane Addams
  13. 13.  Political machines and bossescontrolled local governments These bosses earned votes by doingfavors for people Often these bosses accepted bribesand kickbacks
  14. 14.  William M. Tweedcontrolled the New YorkCity police, courts andnewspapers Accepted millions ofdollars in bribes andkickbacks Went to jail in 1872
  15. 15.  The practice of appointing people to publicoffice on the basis of a personalrelationship, rather than merits. Pendleton Act - created the Civil ServiceCommission◦ Created an exam for Federal jobs
  16. 16.  Wisconsin Idea- direct primary elections Seventeenth Amendment- direct election ofSenators Oregon System◦ initiative- voters could place issue on ballot◦ referendum- voters could accept or reject laws◦ recall- chance to remove unsatisfactory electedofficials
  17. 17.  1902 United Mine Workers Strike◦ Teddy Roosevelt insisted that mine ownersnegotiate with union 1906 Hepburn Act-◦ government regulates railroad rates 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act -◦ regulates food industry
  18. 18.  1890 SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT By 1909 the government had filed 42antitrust actions Beef trust, Standard Oil and AmericanTobacco Industry broken up orreorganized
  19. 19.  “SQUARE DEAL”- helps Unions TRUSTBUSTER- attempted to breakup 42 different trusts CONSERVATIONIST- set aside 200million acres for conservation
  20. 20. Teddy Roosevelt returns◦tariff reduction◦women’s suffrage◦regulation of business◦end child labor◦eight hour work day◦workers compensation◦direct election of Senators – 17thAmendment