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The German Revolution 1918

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The end of WW1

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The German Revolution 1918

  1. 1. Why was there a revolution in Germany in 1918? Learning Objectives: • To evaluate the impact of WW1 on Germany. • To practice writing PEEL paragraphs.
  2. 2. ‘There is only one master in this country… that am I’ • In no more than 12 words describe the type of man Kaiser Wilhelm II was? padlet.com/rossburrough/kaiser
  3. 3. Who was to blame? LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany Create a spider diagrams showing all of the possible effects that a war can have on a country. Effects of War
  4. 4. How did Germans feel about the war? LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany • At the beginning of the war, the Germans had been convinced they were going to win a quick victory. • However, soon they got stuck in a long, drawn-out conflict with Britain and France on the Western Front. • When the USA joined the war in 1917, the war turned quickly against Germany. How would this have made the German people feel?
  5. 5. Blockade LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany • The British navy had blockaded the German coast for most of the war, preventing important supplies from entering the country. • By 1918 there were serious food shortages in Germany. How would this have made the German people feel?
  6. 6. Casualties LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany GERMAMY RUSSIA FRANCE AUSTRIA-HUNGARY The number of deaths per country BRITISH EMPIRE ITALY TURKE Y 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.1 during WW1. How would this have made the German people feel?
  7. 7. Money LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany GERMAMY BRITISH EMPIRE FRANCE UNITED STATES Expenditure in billions of dollars AUSTRIA-HUNGARY RUSSIA ITALY 39 38 26 22 21 18 13 5 3 1 by Spring 1919 How would this have made the German people feel?
  8. 8. Revolution LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany On 9th November 1918, Kaiser Wilhelm II, the leader of Germany, abdicated. Why might he have done this?
  9. 9. Revolution LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany Use page 11 in your text books to create a timeline. You will need to add to this timeline throughout the unit. • Google Doc • TimelineJS • Timerime • Tiki Toki
  10. 10. Revolution LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany At the end of October 1918, sailors at the port of Kiel refused to set out to fight the British navy. They marched to Berlin where they were joined by many unhappy civilians who demanded the abdication of the Kaiser, who they blamed for Germany’s defeat.
  11. 11. Armistice LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany • Allies prepared to make peace on conditions: • Kaiser and Generals must give up powers • Power given to the Reichstag • Germany went from a country of autocracy and became a parliamentary democracy How would this have made the German people feel?
  12. 12. Armistice LO: To describe the impact of WW1 on Germany • The Armistice was an agreement signed by representatives of France, Great Britain and Germany. It was an agreement to end fighting as a prelude to peace negotiations. The Treaty of Versailles • The Armistice began at on 11th November 1918 at 11am (French time) - the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. • The Armistice took place in Ferdinand Foch's railway carriage in the Forest of Compiègne, about 37 miles (60 km) north of Paris.
  13. 13. *History Skills Builder* Burger/PEEL Paragraphs Bun - Point Salad - Evidence Meat - Explanation Bun - Link
  14. 14. *History Skills Builder* Learn to write a PEEL paragraph LO: To practice writing PEEL paragraphs Point: What you want to say – the answer to your question. Evidence: Your reason, your proof – give an example. Explanation: Explain your evidence. How does this evidence show that your point is correct? Link: Summary sentence that links back to the question
  15. 15. Why was there a revolution in Germany? LO: To practice writing PEEL paragraphs Write a PEEL paragraph to answer this question. P: There was a revolution in Germany because people were becoming increasingly frustrated with the War. E: Provide reasons why people were becoming unhappy about the war. E: Explain why these reasons led to a revolution. L: Therefore there was revolution in Germany because people were becoming increasingly frustrated with the War.

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