E. Anthony Tan — Fostering Innovation Development - Hong Kong Experience


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Summit of Innovation Economy Creators.
Anthony E. Tan.
Исполнительный директор Корпорации Научных и технологических парков Гонконга, ранее консультант для DuPont по инвестициям в сфере создания новых материалов, биомедицине, химических и агрохимических препаратов. Более 30 лет создавал хай-тек инфраструктуры в АТР для DuPont (в Шанхае, Пекине и дельте реки Жемчужная). Постоянный участник международных конференций по инновациям. Прекрасно известен во всём мире.

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E. Anthony Tan — Fostering Innovation Development - Hong Kong Experience

  1. 1. Fostering Innovation Development– Hong Kong ExperienceE. Anthony TanChief Executive OfficerHong Kong Science andTechnology Parks CorporationGlobal Summit of Innovation Economy CreatorsApril 2012
  2. 2. 2012 Index of Economic Freedom An annual guide published by The Wall Street Journal and The Heritage Foundation, Washingtons No. 1 think tank. Hong Kong’s economy: the Freest in the world (with overall score: 89.9) Rule of Law Limited GovernmentGlobal Ranking Property 90.0 Government 91.0 World Country Overall Change from Rights Spending Rank Score Previous Freedom 84.0 Fiscal 93.1 1 Hong Kong 89.9 +0.2 from Freedom Corruption 2 Singapore 87.7 +0.3 3 Australia 83.1 +0.6 Regulatory Efficiency Open Markets 4 New Zealand 82.1 -0.2 Business 98.9 Trade 90.0 5 Switzerland 81.1 -0.8 Freedom Freedom Labor 86.5 Investment 90.0 Freedom Freedom Monetary 85.8 Financial 90.0 Freedom Freedom(Source: http://www.heritage.org/index/country/hongkong) (Source: http://www.heritage.org/index/country/hongkong)
  3. 3. The New Economic Order The rise of the BRICS nations: Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa BRICS: •population 2.94 billion(~1/3 world) •GDP US$13.6 trillion (~21% of World US$63.04 trillion) •Reserves US$4.4 trillion (~35% of WW)GDP (US$ Billion) Source: IMF Data & Statistics Sept. 2011Source: IMF Data & Statistics Sept. 2011 & CIA World Fact Book 2010
  4. 4. China - Key Economic Regions 2009 GDP Comparison 1 0.94 0.88 GDP (US$ Trillion) Shenyang 0.53 Beijing Tianjin 0.23 Nanjing Shanghai Chengdu Wuhan Hangzhou 0 Chongqing Yangtze River Beijing-Tanjin- Greater PRD Hong Kong Guangzhou Delta Hebei Shenzhen Hong Kong 2009 GDP Per Capita Comparison 35,000 32,466 30,000 GDP Per Capita (US$) 25,000 20,000 13,734 15,000 9,402 10,000 6,805 5,000 0 Yangtze River Beijing-Tanjin- Greater PRD Hong Kong (Source: http://www.zpooo.com/info/) Delta Hebei
  5. 5. The Greater Pearl River Delta (PRD) 9 +2 (Hong Kong & Macao) Over 42% of Hong Kong companies have R&D presence in PRD Area: 42,824 km2 Population: 470 million (~94% of EU population)(Source: http://www.info.gov.hk/info/gprd/pdf/F_GPRD_Overview.pdf)
  6. 6. Success Factors for Innovation DevelopmentMarket - China Capital- Global Financial CentreAs of 2012, China has the worlds Hong Kong is an international financial centersecond-largest nominal GDP, totaling with a high degree of transparency andapproximately 47.2 trillion yuan prudent regulatory enforcement.(US$7.48 trillion), with rising livingstandards. Stock Exchange Market Capitalization (2011) Exchange USD bn (End-2011) 1 NYSE Euronext (US) 11 796 2 NASDAQ OMX (US) 3 845Talent - From Around the World 3 Tokyo Stock Exchange Group 3 3252008 recorded over 36,000 talents from 4 London Stock Exchange Group 3 266overseas/Mainland to HK. 5 NYSE Euronext (Europe) 2 447 6 Shanghai Stock Exchange 2 357HKU/CUHK/HKUST: 3 leading research 7 Hong Kong Exchanges 2 258U rank top 40 of World UniversityRanking 2011 (QS Quacquarelli In 2011, total equity funds raised by HKEx was US$ 62.9billion, with 101 newly listedSymonds Limited). 4 HK Engineering companies on the Main Board and GEMSchools are top 100 of global ranking. raising US$33.3 billion - ranking first globally for the third year in terms of funds raised by initial public offers (IPOs).
  7. 7. HK Technology Ecosystem MultinationalTALENT MARKET MARKET University Companies Research Early Local well Mainstream Technology Market established Adaptors companies R & D Centres: e.g ASTRI New Technology Hong Kong Start-up Science & Technology Parks IncubationCAPITAL Angel / VC Gov’t Funding Infrastructure Support Gov’t Incentives e.g. LED Light Bulb, EV Window of Opportunities
  8. 8. HK/PRD Ranked No.1 inR&D Expenditure & Personnel (2009)900800700600500400300200100 0 HK + GD Sha ngha i Ji a ngs u Zheji a ng Bei jing Ti a nji n Sha ndong Li a oni ng Hebei Total R&D Expenditure (RMB 100Million) Total Full-time Equivalent of R&D Personnel (000) Total Domestic Patents (00) Source: China Statistical Yearbook 2010 China Statistical Yearbook on Science and Technology 2010 Hong Kong Innovation Activities Statistics 2009
  9. 9. Hong Kong Science &Technology Parks CorporationHong Kong Science Park InnoCentre Industrial Estates
  10. 10. Hong Kong Science Park(3-phase Development) Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 (Constructing) Information Communication Phrase 1 Technology Phase 3 Gross floor area: 105,000 sqm Phrase 2 Biotechnology Development Cost: US$0.6bn Bldg occupation: End 2013- End 2015 Phrase 3 Green Technology
  11. 11. Phase 3 ObjectivesTo plan and develop phase 3 into a sustainabledevelopment that incorporated the latest green A New Horizontechnologies and green building design The Green DecadeTo accomplish its vision being a role model inpromoting and implementing green sustain-able construction and development in Hong KongTargeting net zero carbon with due considerationof cost-effectiveness and road-mappingTo evolve Phase 3 into the catalyst to developHong Kong and Pearl River Delta Region as thehub for clean-tech
  12. 12. China’s Ambition in GreenTechnology The 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2016) further emphasises energy and environment developmentImprove Building Energy Saving More Mandatory Green TargetsAll new buildings are mandated to achieve The 12th FYP maintained the existing four65% energy savings compared to the mandatory greentech targets while addingexisting building stock 6 new mandates, e.g. percentage of non- fossil fuel from primary energy consumptionEnergy and Environmental Taxes Policies for Innovation Stepped UpNew environmental tax plan which is likely Strategic Emerging Industries whichto be levied on CO2 emissions and include new energy vehicles, energydischarges of polluted water, has been efficiency and new energy (solar, windsubmitted to the State Council for review and biomass) are identified to help advance economic development. (Source: The China Greentech Report 2011)
  13. 13. Hong Kong Science ParkEnabling Growth and Innovation Phase 1+2 Phase 1+2+3 (Current) (Projected) 382 Companies (32% from overseas) >500 Companies >9,000 people >12,000 people Annual Turnover ~US$16billion (2011/12)
  14. 14. Russia Innovation Development -a bright future Hong KongInception of Hong Kong HKSP now home to:Science & Technology Parks 382 companiesCorporation >9,000 employees