The EarthThe Earth is round, like aball, but it is also slightlysquashed. We say that itsshape is roughly spherical.The Earth travels aroundthe Sun once every year.
The EarthThe Earth also spins on itsown axis. The axis is animaginary line through thecentre of the Earth from theNorth Pole to the SouthPole. The Earth spins roundonce every 24 hours. Thiscauses day and night onEarth.
The EarthIt is day on the partof the Earth that isfacing the Sun.It is night on the partof the Earth that isfacing away from theSun.
The MoonThe Moon is roughlyspherical, but it is a lotsmaller than the Earth.The Moon travels aroundthe Earth. It goes roundonce every 28 days.
The MoonWe only see the part ofthe Moon that is lit by theSun. So sometimes we seethe whole Moon andsometimes we only seepart of the Moon.
The SunThe Sun is a star and givesout heat and light.It is roughly spherical inshape and is much,much bigger than the Earth.
What shape are the Earth, Sun and Moon?A) Round and flatB) CuboidC) Roughly spherical
Which is largest, the Earth, Sun or Moon?A) The EarthB) The SunC) The Moon
How long does it take the Earth to travel once around the Sun?A) 24 hoursB) 28 daysC) 12 months
How long does it take the Moon to travel once around the Earth?A) 24 hoursB) 28 daysC) 12 months
How long does it take the Earth to turn once on its axis?A) 24 hoursB) 12 hoursC) 6 hours
Which part of the Earth is in daylight?A) The part facing the sunB) The part facing away from the sunC) The part facing the moon
True or FalseThe sun rises in the east and sets in the west
Why does the Moon seem to change shape?A) Because it gets bigger and smallerB) Because we only see the part on the Moon that is lit by the SunC) Because sometimes it is cloudy
Imagine you were standing underneath a tree. When would the shadow of the tree be shortest?A) At sunriseB) At middayC) At sunset
Why, in some parts of the world, arethe days longer in the summer than in the winter?A) Because the Earth is tilted as it moves around the SunB) Because the Sun gets brighter in the summerC) Because the Earth spins more slowly in the summer