Occam's Razor 2014 (Prelims)


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Occam's Razor 2014 (Prelims)

  1. 1. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 1. X was the host of the public television series The Joy of Painting. The show started in 1983 but still continues to appear in reruns in many broadcast areas and is a popular YouTube presence. He also had to find a way to cut back on spending, so he decided to have his hair permed, just so he could save money on haircuts. The perm hairstyle was not comfortable for him, but ultimately became an iconic feature of the painter. Google celebrated the 70th anniversary of his birthday with a Google Doodle on October 29, 2012. Q.2 X's great-grandfather, Frederick, was co-founder of appliance manufacturer and marketer Whirlpool Corporation. As a young equestrian, X showed up at the American Paint Horse Association and competed at the national level. With her horse Roanie Pony, she won three APHA Reserve World Championships. She made her acting debut in the film “Tower Heist” and later made a cameo in “The Three Stooges”. Q.3 In Roman times, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. Which branch of science derives its name from this? Q.4 What term, popularized by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, denotes an event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation? It derives its name from a Latin expression, and its oldest known expression is in poet Juvenal's characterisation of something being "rara avis in terris nigroque simillima cygno"? It shares its name with a popular 2010 Hollywood movie. Q.5 ______ is a Persian word and it was given as an honorary title to a person who has achieved a mastery over languages, especially in British India. It became a surname to those people whose ancestors had received this title. Which Indian author, who is arguably one of the most famous, holds this title? Q.6 An aviation enterpreneur now, he has founded and run two airlines. Despite his family's disapproval, he went ahead and made his mark in a completely different field. He was seriously injured in an accident in 1976 in Nurburgring and came close to death. He recovered quickly, however scars from the injuries he suffered have left him permanently disfigured. Which legend am I talking about? 7. What commonly used word is believed to have been originally used to describe reputedly low-quality jokes that were formerly commonly printed in mail order seed catalogues? 8. According to the author, “On June 8 I visited Fred, and gave him the manuscript of the _____ story collection. Martin Greenberg had rejected my notion of calling it Mind and Iron and suggested it be called ____X_____. “Impossible, Marty,” I said. “Eando Binder wrote a short story called ‘____X____’ back in 1938.” To which Marty answered, with unassailable logic, “Fuck Eando Binder.” So ____X____ it was.” Which story collection? 9. Rodney Cox, from North Carolina was discovered in the act of providing former Tories with information regarding the American naval forces capability to secure American shores. After a brief ad hoc trial, Cox was convicted and sentenced to death by firing squad. X an American President, being a notorious Anglophobic at the time, did something that is remembered till day. 10. Which city is best known as "the capital of engines", since the factories of the famous Italian sports car makers Ferrari, De Tomaso, Lamborghini, Pagani and Maserati are, or were, located here and all, except Lamborghini, have headquarters in the city or nearby. Q11. The city of X is one of the oldest continually established cities with the first Greek settlements beginning during the 2nd millennium BC. Around 9th century BC, a larger mainland colony called Parthenope was developed. Around 6th century BC, the city was reoccupied and a new urban zone of X (literally meaning “New City” to distinguish it from the old city Parthenope) was found. Id X.
  2. 2. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 Q12. This famous “theorem” or equation is famously called beautiful because it combines 5 fundamental mathematical constants. Indeed, after proving ______ during a lecture, Benjamin Peirce, a noted American 19th-century philosopher, mathematician, and professor at Harvard University, stated that "it is absolutely paradoxical; we cannot understand it, and we don't know what it means, but we have proved it, and therefore we know it must be the truth." What am I talking about? Q13. The naming of X in 1969 is described as a “naming dilemma” with the producers frantically searching for a name. They finally settled on the name that they least disliked drawing inspiration from the Arabian Nights, despite concerns that the name might be too difficult for young children to pronounce. What is this by now iconic name in the so-called “educational” arena? Q14. This joke form is often credited to Yakov Smirnoff, a Ukranian-American comedian. It relies on inverting the subject and object of the first phrase in broken English without using articles to invoke images of a 1984 style tyranny. What joke form? Q15. Which famous Roman emperor is anecdotally said to have declaimed “Varus, give me back my legions” after the Roman legions under Publius Quinctilius Varus were slaughtered by Arminius in the Battle of Teutoberg forest? Q16. In the early 1920s, Y was used to refer to the many racing courses of New York City. Y referred to the prizes being awarded for these races—as these were important races, the prizes were substantial or X. John J Fitz Gerald started using X Y to reference New York horse-racing e.g.” <Insert generic horse name here> is scheduled to start for the X Y tomorrow after a successful campaign at <Insert generic racing city circuit>.“ When this moved out of horseracing circles and into the general public awareness, it became the origin story for what? 17 When Takashi Hashiyama , CEO of a Japanese television equipment manufacturer, decided to auction off his collection of impressionist paintings which included works by Cézanne, Picasso, and van Gogh, he contacted two leading auction houses, Christie's International and Sotheby's Holding. Unwilling to split up the collection into separate auctions, Hashiyama asked the firms to decide between themselves who would hold the auction. What , “which probably looked strange to others, was decided to be the best way to decide between two things which were equally good”? Takashileading howwerehouses, ofgood”?outother the works towasCézanne,tosorted out ?? van to split off  Q7.his collection What auction houses,a Christie'sIn other words and by Cézanne, Picasso, out ? way Gogh, up between auction. ofHashiyama equallyJapanese strangethe firms was themanufacturer, decided holdWhenotherintoimpressionist paintingsalooked television equipment decided sorted best the collectionthingsseparatewas probablysorted InInternational howby decided sorted and van to decide contactedauction. Whatauction equallyChristie's International howwasmanufacturer,themselves auction he which ? would  off collectionthingsseparate were,thepaintingsJapanese television and Sotheby'sissuePicasso,out to whoauction When Intwo into which ,auctions, Hashiyama asked words equipment between the and Hashiyama CEO issue which included works between Takashi impressionist of hold the the two words “which CEO good”? asked to others, contacted two of which auctions, Hashiyama included firms decide issue his the two leading ,, “which probably looked strange to others, was the issue be decided the Holding. Unwilling 18 The Kurihara family had ownership over all of these places for more than a decade until recently, when they sold part of it to a government for $26 million. This triggered a huge row, which is continuing till date. What controversy, and what are these places called? 19 Which bankrupt entity owns about 6,000 pieces of art - including the likes of Van Gogh's self portrait, Bellini's 'Madonna and Child', 'The Window' by Henri Matisse, several of Monet's works and a casting of Rodin's 'The Thinker' among many rare ancient artifacts- valued collectively to be more than its debt amount of $18 billion? 20 Giving his version of this term’s origin, BBC’s Pat Murphy said: “My understanding is that it came from the midsixties and a guy called Grahame Corling … apparently the suggestion was that this guy's wife was [having an affair] with another team-mate, and when he came into bat [the other team] started singing When a Man Loves A Woman, the old Percy ______ number.” What term? 21. Company Price Place Day Time Event : : : : : :? New Before the baseball July game between the 1, Phillies and the Bulova $4 York 1941 Dodgers. 22. It is said that when X visited the Apollo Hotel, he was denied entry as he was a Non European. This enraged X and he built Y. Soon Y became the centre of attraction and it put Apollo out of business. Y became a landmark for the city and is considered to be one of the best in its league in the world. Identify X & Y.
  3. 3. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 23. The origin of this phrase, which means ‘to make up one’s mind to go through with an unpleasant situation or experience’ dates back to the days when the wounded had to be seen without the benefits of anesthetics or painkillers. The victim would be given an object that would help him brace himself against the coming pain. Which phrase? 24. Contrary to popular myth, the deciding factor that won him the prized seat ahead of five other candidates was not his physical toughness, his psychological resilience or his credentials. Instead, it was the fact that he took off his shoes when visiting a prototype for a look around that earned him this coveted position. Who was the man? 25. A company called De La Rue Identity systems , based in Basingstoke, UK, makes a lot of money periodically out of a product named ES/A purple, containing silver nitrate and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol. The product has been marketed as far afield as India, Burundi, Rwanda and Bosnia. What is ES/A Purple used for? 26. He once explained his unusual surname thus: "To take one's ___ is to take on a certain mystery, a certain possibility of power in the eyes of one's peers and one's enemies ... The ___ announced what you had been and what you had become: Ex-smoker, Ex-drinker, Ex-Christian, Ex-slave." Who? 27. When Henry Ford died, amongst his last possessions was a test tube. What did it supposedly contain? 28. "I was waiting for my team mates to embrace me, and no one came...I told them, ‘Come hug me, or the referee isn’t going to allow it.’" Whose words about what? 29. He looks back at his career with great regret. There are several possible reasons why he played only one Test innings. He was selected because several players were injured and these players soon returned and the West Indies had a very strong batting line up during his prime with Frank Worrell, Clyde Walcott and Everton Weekes dominating the middle order. Jeff Stollmeyer, who missed the match with a pulled hamstring, wrote: “His innings in its later stages was not in keeping with the state of the game and his captain Gerry Gomez was forced to send a message out to him to ‘get on with it.’” The game was drawn and perhaps he unfairly took the blame in the eyes of the selectors. Despite that, his name remains etched in history. Why? 30. It is known by several names, including "the matrimonial", "the Mama-Papa ", "the English-American ", and "the male superior” … The origin of the term is explained in Malinowski's ______ Life of Savages in North-Wester Melanesia, where Malinowski (1929) records the nearly universal use of a totally different technique among the Trobrianders (people in the archipelago in New Guinea) and that caricatures of the English-American technique are performed around campfires, to the great amusement of the natives who refer to what they saw as the __________ _________. (The blank is the term) 31. In around 2008, the London mayor felt that Stratford needed "something extra" to "distinguish the East London skyline". What resulted was “a continuously looping lattice ... made up of eight strands winding into each other and combined by rings like a jagged knot” which as the mayor later dwelt would have boggled the minds of the Romans. What? 32. In marketing terminology, X is any computer program that is so necessary or desirable that it proves the core value of some larger technology, such as computer hardware, gaming console, software or an operating system. For eg, VisiCalc for Apple II, Tetris for the Game Buoy or the Halo for XBox. What? 33. The Sangeet Natak Academy recognizes and awards eight Indian classical dance forms. Complete the list: Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Manipuri, Odissi, Mohiniyattam, ________ (Hint: State of origin- Assam) 34. He made his first fortune as President and CEO of Y, which he famously purchased after his wife bought him an electric shaver. His catch-phrase, “I liked it so much, I bought the company!” made him a household name. The phrase, “doing the _____” has now become a term for a customer who becomes the owner of the company. Give me the company, Y.
  4. 4. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 35. Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings were legends of the game, until X defeated them in 2011. Jennings later making a reference to The Simpsons commented, “It is time to welcome our new ________ overlords”. X? (Blank and X are different) 36. Exactly 13 years ago, on this very day, 15th January 2001, a company by the name Bitter Old Men In Suits, revolutionized the knowledge industry, giving rise to? 37 X, located on the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city of Morocco with one of the largest artificial ports in the world. X was the setting for the worldwide acclaimed movie of the same name that received eight Academy Award nominations, winning three. Give me X. 38 X is a woodblock print by Japanese artist Hokusai, published sometime between 1830 and 1833 in the late Edo period as the first print in Hokusai's series ‘Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji’. Identify X, which is one of the best recognized works of Japanese art, with copies present in numerous Western collections. 39. Patients suffering from a rupture of the biceps tendon may develop a bulge in their arm. This is the retracted muscle bunched up in the arm, and is sometimes referred to as a “______ muscle” in medical circles because it is more pronounced than normal. Fill in the blank. 40 X established in 1951, and named in honor of a renowned freedom fighter, has been ranked as the costliest retail location in India. In 2010, it was rated as the world's 21st most expensive retail high street by real estate firm Cushman & Wakefield and is consistently ranked as one of the costliest high end streets. What is X? 41 X is a 1955 American drama film about confused suburban, middle-class teenager, who disobeys his parents, and defies the local school bullies, thus portraying the moral decay of American youth. Directed by Nicholas Ray, over the years, the film has achieved landmark status for the acting of cultural icon Y, fresh from his Academy Award nominated role in East of Eden. The title was adopted from psychiatrist Robert M. Lindner's 1944 book, X: The Hypnoanalysis of a Criminal Psychopath. Warner Bros. released the film on October 27, 1955, less than one month after Y's fatal car crash. Only X required. 42. In the 1800's, Charles was an Irish real estate manager who refused to lower rents in hard times; the tenants retaliated by refusing to do business with him thus creating the popular term __________? 43 The movie 1942: a love story, starring Anil Kapoor and Manisha Koirala, was the last movie of which music composer who died before its release? 44. A X can be described as a mix of a grocery store and a fast-food restaurant. It sells ready-to-eat food products and its name is the shortened form of the german word for “tasty things”. Deli (short for delicatassen) 45. X originated in South Africa as “Oil of X” in 1949. The founder Graham Wulff an ex-Unilever chemist from Durban, chose the name “Oil of X” as a spin on the word "lanolin", which was a key ingredient. Launched in India in 2007, identify X. 46. Connect: rat, ox, tiger, monkey, horse, dragon, rooster, dog, pig, snake, goat, rabbit 47. Apart from being locations in London, what else connects (part of an exhaustive list): Pall mall, Trafalgar Square, Marlborough Street, Oxford Street, Old Kent Road, Mayfair (Think sports!) 48. (In the US mainly) A person’s signature is also called his _____________, because of which prominent Patriot of the American Revolution who is remembered for his large and stylish signature on the United States Declaration of Independence?
  5. 5. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 49. Following the death of X in June 2012, a new HTTP error code was proposed: “Error _ _ _ - This page has been burned". This would be used to indicate to users that the website they were trying to access had been censored. What is the error code? 50. Sushi marriages have promoted cultural, social and religious harmony over the ages in certain countries. What are Sushi marriages? 51. “Now, you just go outside and enjoy yourself, and, uh, forget about all this nonsense. I want you to leave it all to me.” What is this preceded by? 52. X is a book of mathematical proofs by Martin Aigner and Günter M. Ziegler. The book is dedicated to the mathematician Paul Erdős, who often referred to "______" in which God keeps the most elegant proof of each mathematical theorem. During a lecture in 1985, Erdős said, "You don't have to believe in God, but you should believe in _______." Give us X (both blanks are same). 53. The libra (Latin for "scales / balance") was an ancient Roman unit of mass that was equivalent to approximately 328.9 grams, consisting of 12 uncia. How is this usage of “libra” reflected today? 54. Although he never boxed professionally, he used to train at the gymkhana in Soweto, and was unanimously voted into the World Boxing Hall of Fame in 2003. Who? 55. X, named after the French physicist Léon ________, is a simple device that provided the first simple proof of the rotation of the Earth in an easy to see experiment. Id X, which was also the title of a famous Umberto Eco book. 56. The International Campaign for Tibet award in 2006 for contributions to the movement for Tibetan independence was shared by Desmond Tutu and a fictional character. Who? 57. How do we better know Kanka, Valala, Brihannala, Granthika and Arishtanemi? 58. Traditionally a New Years Song, which Scots song by Robert Burns has been adapted into Bengali as part of Tagore’s Rabindra Sangeet as “Purano Shei Dine Kotha” (meaning Memories of old days) ? 59. It is considered the largest employer of mathematicians in the world. Some of the jokes about it are: “total number of employees is "somewhere between 37,000 and one billion probably the biggest employer of introverts Its original name is No Such Agency” What? 60. During the 1990s, Rajasthan state government employee Bhanwari Devi, worker of the Women Development Programme, tried to prevent child marriage and was raped by the landlords of the community. Further the rapist were allowed to go scot free by Rajasthan High Court. This enraged a women's rights group called _______that filed a PIL in the Supreme Court of India. What resulted? (something which was in news in last few months) 61. X is a theory of mental content based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution, originating from the popularization of Richard Dawkins' 1976 book The Selfish Gene. Proponents describe X as an approach to evolutionary models of cultural information transfer. 62. The X layout is the best-known alternative to QWERTY. It was named after its inventor, August X. There are also numerous adaptations for languages other than English, and single-handed variants. It has numerous properties designed to increase typing speed, decrease errors, and increase comfort, though testing has failed to confirm any advantage to the end user. The most prominent property involves concentrating the most used English letters in the home row where the fingers rest, thus having 70% of typing done in the home row (compared to 32% in QWERTY). 63. In October 1994, an unidentified user of Prodigy's Money Talk bulletin board created a post which claimed that X, a Long Island securities investment banking firm, committed criminal and fraudulent acts in IPOs. X sued Prodigy
  6. 6. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 and the unidentified poster for defamation. This had wide legal implications as since then online service providers can be held liable for the speech of their users. X and its founder are in the news lately. 64. The video game titled X: the World Is Yours, a quasi-sequel to the film X, features an alternate ending in which ___ survives the assassination attempt but still loses most of his possessions. He detects his would-be assassin and shoots him before escaping his mansion. The end of the first mission shows that he lost $65,884,703 (which is how much X made in box office) and 2,500 kilos of cocaine. X had mixed response initially but is now considered a cult classic in mob genre. 65. Bad-Anon is a villain’s support group led by Clyde (from Pacman) and attended by Bowser, Dr. Robotnik (from Sonic) and several Street Fighter and Mortal Kombat villains. Video game villains attend these weekly meetings when they feel dissatisfied with their role as the "bad guy" and to also receive support from other attendees. The two BadAnon meetings that X attends are used as the bookends for the film (the prologue and the epilogue). Give the Oscar nominated animated movie, whose trailer itself had a dozen game references. 66. X’s logo represents the first vibrational mode of a thin L-shaped membrane, clamped at the edges, and governed by the wave equation. In 2004, X had around one million users across industry and academia, encompassing diverse backgrounds of engineering, science, and economics. Identify X. 67. The career path of X has gone something like this: German Bakery> Jiffy Lube> Tax and Retirement firm> Pediatric Nurse> Y> Z. X is a dual citizen of Canada and USA. X? 68. Indian meaning: "Goddess Lakshmi” Scandinavian meaning: "Beautiful & victorious." Or “Fair victory” Swahili meaning: "Secret." Which word am I talking about? (Think tech!) 69. The word X is seldom used solo today, though its combination with either of two prefixes is very common. It is a common medieval English sea term meaning “to capsize”, probably influenced by 'helmen' which meant “to cover”. Hence, the meaning is someone drowning, such as “ a swimmer ________ in a raging storm”. What is X? 70. The character of X, according to the author was influenced by the men in Jane Austen's novel's – aloof, withdrawn, and some of whom see themselves as monsters. He was saved by his adoptive father during the Spanish influenza of 1918, and they travel together, 'saving' people from life threatening injuries and situations and extending their family. During the works by the author, X lives in Forks, Washington, and is involved in an 'Austenian' love-triangle. X's father, according to Forbes in 2009 is the richest fictional character. Who is X? 71. On it's release in 1920's, a male journalist said: "no more bosom, no more stomach, no more rump…Feminine fashion of this moment in the 20th century will be baptized lop off everything." (Men now will disagree of course). It's rise could be attributed to several cultural phenomenon – the number of deaths after World War I, the need for economy during the great depression, the rationing of textiles during World War 2, Hollywood vixens and later heroines – becoming popular as the look for Holly Golighly, Wallis Simpson, Edith Piaf and many a other femme fatales. What are we talking about? 72. John Updike's poem in the July 16, 1960 New Yorker, titled “Meditation on a News Item” was inspired by a photograph coming from the inaugural ___________ fishing contest. “As strange to me as if there were found, In a Jacobean archve, an unquestionably authentic Woodcut showing Shakespeare presenting the blue ribbon For Best Cake Baked to Queen Elizabeth” Who is Updike comparing to Shakespeare and who to the Queen? The ____________ is the Shakespeare comparison. 73. Variants of X have been used from a long time ago. In ancient times these were used as a power source. Later on, in the 1800's, a British Civil engineer noticed idle prisoners and he proposed X using their muscle power to both cure their idleness and produce useful work – grinding grain and pumping water. This gave rise to negative conations to
  7. 7. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 X. Since the 1950's and 60's, owing to the growing health fad, X saw a revival – and is now seen in a hightech avatar actively monitoring the user to help him, rather than take power from them. What is X? 74. The numbers seven to ten. Two Roman Gods and Goddesses each. Two Emprerors. There are more elements on this list, which has changed with time. What list? 75. Despite primarily being a Theravada Buddhist society, the national epic is Ramakien - a derivative of the Ramayana in which many elements such as the clothes, weapons, topography, and elements of nature have been transposed to the local context. The influence of the Ramakien is so high that even the present reigning monarchs of the nation claim to belong to the line of King Ramas. Which nation am I talking about? 76. Rare Ltd. is a British video game developer that has created successful titles such as Wizards & Warriors, Battletoads, and R.C. Pro-Am for the Nintendo platform as a second party developer. In 2002 the company was purchased by one of the gaming giants. Its most major contribution to this company has been the development of a software technology released in November 2010 which has taken the gaming world to a whole new dimension. Which technology am I talking about? 77. The lesser known talents of this actor, director, entrepreneur et al is in the field of music. He has released 20 albums since 1984 and has performed vocals in Cantonese, Mandarin, Japanese, Taiwanese and English. In 2007, he recorded and released the song "We Are Ready", the official one-year countdown song to the 2008 Summer Olympics. Which popular actor with a filmography of 150 films since the 1960s am I talking about? 78. He was selected as one of the "sexiest men of 2013" by Cosmopolitan magazine. In August 2013, he became an ambassador for Nordic Semiconductor. In 2013, Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world, writing that he "is a force of nature whose time has come". Who is he? 79. The tweet by Lea Michele (@msleamichele) acknowledging her Glee co-star Cory Monteith - "Thank you all for helping me through this time with your enormous love & support. Cory will forever be in my heart," holds a certain distinction. What is it? (Funda) 80. January 2014 marked the demise of pan-Indian IST with the Assam CM’s announcement that Assam will be moving 1 hour ahead from the rest of India. But few know that Assam already has an informal tradition of a local time set ahead of IST called “X”, which is observed on the tea plantations and makes more efficient use of daylight hours. Gogoi’s announcement only brings the entire state formally to this practice. What is this local time called? 81. If and when completed, "Haidar" (announced in 2013) will be the third in a particular series. This will be set in Kashmir, while the first two were set in Mumbai and Meerut (and nearby areas) respectively. What were the first two? (No part points, No funda) 82. This type of cap is typically worn in rural areas. It is often worn for hunting, and especially worn during the stealthy pursuit of a particular animal. This latter activity also leads us to its name. What type of cap, something we would be seeing or hearing about again because of recent events? 83. On a visit to Burma, Mr. Manal saw restless elephants being fed with a root to pacify them. The plant from which this root was taken was Rauwolfia serpentina. He had it scientifically evaluated and after extensive research, Serpina, the world's first anti-hypertensive drug, was launched. Mr. M. Manal is known to us for founding which company (in 1930), which is said to have a vision of bringing Ayurveda to society in a contemporary form? 84. According to one of legends on how Delhi gets its name, the name of the city is based on the Hindi/Prakrit word dhili (loose) and that it was used by the Tomaras to refer to the city because the a particular monument of Delhi, which is famous and well-known to us today, ironically had a weak foundation and had to be moved. Which marvel are we talking about? 85. Which online celebrity owes her fame to a condition, which may have been caused due to either a genetic disorder passed along (heredity), an underactive pituitary gland or selective breeding?
  8. 8. Quizzing Club IIT Delhi OCCAM’S RAZOR ‘14 86. Trigeminal neuralgia is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face. It has been described as the most painful condition in existence. A patient resource group for this condition have adopted a particular work as a symbol of the condition. What work, whose imagery has also been compared to an individual suffering from depersonalization disorder experiences or a feeling of distortion of the environment and one's self? 87. This occupational surname of Germanic origin was often given to one who transported produce or other goods via high-sided wagons or carts. It was also used to denote a wainwright(wagon builder). Which surname is this, which would remind us of a famous musician? 88. X is where Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the IOC, first decided to create the modern Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin visited the town in 1890 and took inspiration from the annual Games organized by Dr William Penny Brookes. Y is the birthplace of the Paralympics movement. The first organized athletic event for disabled athletes, the 1948 International Wheelchair Games, was organized here. X and Y. (Hint: This question would have been much better if it was asked a couple of years earlier.) 89. He was hired by Muammar Gaddafi to act as a football coach for his son, Al-Saadi Gaddafi, who aspired to join an Italian football club. Al-Saadi ultimately did join an Italian team but was sacked after one game when he failed a drug test. He also briefly acted as trainer for legend Diego Maradona in 1997. Who? 90. This town in Belgium once attracted visitors anxious about their health from all over Europe. Its name is now a noun in English. The town is however more famous for its association with sport. Identify.  Q7.his collection What auction inequallyChristie's8InternationalthePrime Cézanne,tosorted best wayto split up between diedfield commander for aHashiyama andtelevision howwas decided Picasso, X was to decide holdWhen Takashibeing “which CEO of a Japanese as to firms country's greatestIsrael. and van Gogh, he contacted twoafterofHashiyama , probablyhistory, strangewords andtoby Minister of bethemselves whoauction off collectionthingsseparate andhouses, periodwhichother the 11thequipment manufacturer, decidedconsidered the two leading , in auctions, impressionist paintings of years looked decide issue Unwilling would X greatest into which coma Israel'swho servedincludedothers, was the betweenmilitary recently auction. thewas an Israeli politician were general, good”? Inasked the of worksSotheby's Holding.theout ?strategists who one