X is a cultural import from Germany and very
popular in the US. It is reported to have been started
in the 13th century and given to the people on the
event of imperial coronations, starting with the
coronation of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor as
It used to be called "Y" (traditionally named after a
symbol of Germany) but is claimed to have acquired
the now-popular version by a certain New York Post
cartoon who couldn't spell Y while drawing the
cartoon, hence calling it X.
Identify X and Y.
X = Hot Dog
Y = Dachshund Sandwiches
Hot Dogs are known to have been invented in
Germany, where they were called Frankfurters (after
the place Frankfurt, where pork sausages similar to hot
There are several different claims to who brought it to
US, one of them by Harry M. Stevens, an American
sports concessionaire whose vendors sold German
sausages and rolls to spectators at the old New York
Polo Grounds during the winter.
He called them "Dachshund sandwiches", but a New
York Post cartoonist couldn't spell “dachshund”, so
when he drew the cartoon, he called them hot dogs.
They are the sole genus in their family.
They generally inhabit swamps and marshes and are
carnivorous- eat up snails, squids crabs, shrimps, and
In addition to these delectable diet preferences, they
have another uncanny similarity with humans.
It is a solely existing major evolutionary clue and also
symbolises Manhood in certain folklore.
Identify the creature.
The African lungfishes are the genus Protopterus which is
the sole genus in the family Protopteridae.
The African lungfish is an example of how the
evolutionary transition from breathing water to breathing
air can happen (evolutionary clue).
Since they are periodically exposed to low oxygen in
marshy areas, they have an out-pocketing of their gut
which contains thin-walled blood vessels, and function as
“Lungs”. Their heart (unlike other fishes) has 3 chambers –
a ventricle and an atrium divided into two parts by a
septum for differentiated blood flow.
In Uganda, females do not eat the lungfish because they
consider it a "sister fish", and therefore it is associated
with men and manhood.
Also the 9th largest moon in the solar system, it was
discovered by an astronomer who has a spacecraft
named after him which confirmed his observations
in 2006 NASA mission and also revealed a first-of-itskind speciality that it shares with its planet.
It is named after the Greek goddess that is literally
Mother of Gods!
Also named after the God is a heavy, flightless bird of
South America which has only three toes which
allows it to run faster than any other bird.
What is the name?
Rhea is a God of Greek mythology, who is known as the
"mother of the gods” and literally means “ground”.
The 2nd largest moon of Saturn, Rhea, was discovered in
1672 by Giovanni Cassini.
On March 6, 2008, NASA announced that Rhea may
have a tenuous ring system (like Saturn). This would
mark the first discovery of rings about a moon. The
rings' existence was inferred by observed changes in the
flow of electrons trapped by Saturn's magnetic field
as Cassini (the space-probe) passed by Rhea.
The Rhea bird is a big, fast-running, flightless bird
(similar to Ostrich) native to South America.
This beautiful artist was born in Budapest to an
Indian father and a Hungarian mother.
She got her initial training from the great masters
from the best Art school- "Ecole Des Beaux Arts".
However, she developed an individualistic style after
she arrived in India in 1934.
She settled down in Shimla and painted the local
people. One of the most expensive women
artists, her blend of western techniques and Indian
spirit laid the foundation of the Indian Modern Art.
Who is she?
Also called Devil's bread, it has a popular mention in
classic literature, including Keats, Shakespeare and
It is popularly known as "Greek Death Sentence"after the popular practice of punishing the
condemned prisoners with it.
One of them was a highly popular and acknowledged
When its fruit is eaten, it induces paralysis, inability
to breathe and heart failure.
It also finds a major role in the Death-wish episode
of the "Star trek series" in 1996.
What is it?
Belonging to the family Apiacea, this toxic plant is
technically called Conium maculatum, or Poison
Hemlock (British), or Devil’s Bread (Irish).
After being condemned to death for impiety in 399
BC, Socrates (like other condemned prisoners) was
given a potent infusion of the hemlock plant.
Hemlock is referred to in both Shakespeare's King
Lear and Hamlet.
Hemlock appears in John Keats' 1819 poem "Ode to a
My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains
My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk
In a 1996 episode of Star Trek: Voyager, "Death
Wish", the alien Quinn commits suicide by consuming
It is a Hollywood tradition for directors who have their
#1 records smashed to take out full page ads
congratulating the new record-holders.
When Star Wars broke Jaws‘ record, Steven Spielberg
congratulated George Lucas by taking out a full-page
ad with a picture of R2-D2 snagging Jaws on a fishing
These Apple trees are known as the
"Descendants" of the Apple tree whose
Apple fell on Newton's head and led to the
discovery of the Law of Gravity.
"Janguru Bukku shonen Môguri" is
an anime adaptation of X 's original collection of
It aired in 1989, and consists of a total of 52
It was also made in Soviet Union and originally
released as five animated shorts of about 20 minutes
each between 1967 and 1971, directed by Roman
Davydov, merged into a 96-minute short film in
We Indians better know it (and love it) as Z.
X = Rudyard Kipling
Y = The Jungle Book
Z = The Jungle Book: Adventures of Mowgli
Jungle Book Shōnen Mowgli is an anime adaptation. It
aired in 1989, and consists of a total of 52 episodes.
The series, a compromise between the original Mowgli
stories and the Walt Disney version, received
international acclaim and was aired in different
countries around the world.
The Soviet version is said to be more true to the
The name has various connections- a musical
instrument having a major presence in the Latin and
Afro-Caribbean countries, a village and an associated
culture having the same name and destroyed by a
phenomenon named after the cause, killing 66,000
people in 1815, a related language and a subdistrict
in West Jakarta.
Identify the name.
In addition to being a drum-like percussion
instrument in major Latin and African countries, it
is also an active stratovolcano on the island
of Sumbawa, Indonesia.
The 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora was one of
the most powerful in recorded history and
classified as a VEI-7 event. The eruption
column lowered global temperatures, and some
experts believe this led to global cooling and
worldwide harvest failures, sometimes known as
the Year Without a Summer. It wiped out the
whole village of Tambora and their culture.
Excellent shipbuilders and navigators, they used
"Knarrs" (full-bellied ships) for piracy and plunder.
Their hugely popularised and stereotyped name is
actually derived from a feminine noun meaning a
The Vikings were seafaring north Germanic people who
raided, traded, explored, and settled in wide areas of
Europe, Asia, and the North Atlantic islands from the
late 8th to the mid-11th centuries. They employed
wooden longships with wide, shallow-draft
hulls, allowing navigation in rough seas or in shallow
river waters. The ships could be landed on beaches, and
their light weight enabled them to be hauled
overportages. This versatility allowed them to conquer
vast stretches of lands.
The Old Norse feminine noun víking refers to an
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