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Sara Scherr, EcoAgricultue partners


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Sara Scherr, EcoAgricultue partners

  1. 1. Sara J. Scherr, President EcoAgriculture Partners Quivira Coalition Conference “The Carbon Ranch” Albuquerque, New Mexico 11 November 2010 The Carbon Ranch: A Global Perspective
  2. 2. Age-old challenges for farmers and ranchers  Supply food needs and demand  Ensure household livelihood  Sustain soil fertility  Secure access to water  Manage pests and diseases  Manage market risks & opportunities New challenges:  Supply ecosystem services  Adapt to, and mitigate, climate disruption Image courtesy of EcoPort (
  3. 3. In conservation areas • Natural areas that benefit local ranching communities • Provide watershed protection, habitat connectivity • Reduce or reverse land conversion by increasing productivity • Develop species conservation plans In production areas • Minimize agricultural pollution (incl. GHG) • Manage water flow, use & infiltration at all scales • Increase carbon storage in soils and vegetation • Modify grazing systems to mimic natural ecosystems • Maintain diversity of grassland & tree species Ecoagriculture landscapes: managing for people, food and nature—and climate
  4. 4. Climate disruption Projected temperature changes Page 4 Source: Figure 10.4 in Meehl, et al. (2007)
  5. 5. Projected climate change effects- Hadley A2 Rainfed maize yields decline 17% by 2050 Page 5 Preliminary results
  6. 6. Agriculture and land use: 31% of global greenhouse gas emissions GHG emissions by sector in 2004, Source: IPCC
  7. 7. Potential for emissions reduction and GHG sequestration through land use Billiontons CO2-eq mitigation potential with carbon prices upto $20 and $100 (Source: IPCC)
  8. 8. Strategies for GHG emissions reduction and sequestration Restore degraded lands Enrich soil carbon Farm & ranch with perennials Sustainable livestock systems Protecting natural habitat
  9. 9. Livestock systems: Potentials for climate benefits
  10. 10. Biomass C stock changes N2O, NOx, CO, CH4 emissions from burning Soil C stock changes Soil N2O emissions CH4 and N2O from manure Enteric methane From 2006 IPCC Guidelines GHG’s from livestock land use ~ 17% total
  11. 11. Estimated economic mitigation potential by management practice in Africa By 2030 at Carbon Prices up to $20/ton of CO2eq
  12. 12. Diverse landscape challenges require locally-adapted solutions Uganda New Zealand (?) NigerAustralia
  13. 13. Degraded rangeland restoration in Drakensberg, South Africa: From this….
  14. 14. Management for land cover in Drakensberg Basal cover Grazing Burning frequency Stock movement Fire mgmt Stock mgmt Grassland restoration Donga restoration - - - -- - ++
  15. 15. To this!
  16. 16. Conserving and sequestering carbon in dairy communities in Costa Rica 5 6 1 73 4 2
  17. 17. Financial incentives for carbon ranching  Improved livestock health and productivity  Reduced risks  Increased land values  Government payments  Public procurement  ‘Green/climate’ finance  Climate-friendly & sustainable eco-labeling & certification  Supply chain standards  Voluntary carbon offset markets  Regulatory offset markets
  18. 18. Multi-stakeholder, collaborative planning & action
  19. 19. Process of multi-stakeholder ecoagriculture landscape management Participatory process of rural landscape management Negotiate landscape goals Understand the landscape from diverse perspectives * Implement farm & landscape plans Design and plan farm & landscape actions Review results and modify strategy/action
  20. 20. 1) Landscape literacy (spatial, functional) 2) Multi-stakeholder deliberation and negotiation (across sectors) 3) Ranch & landscape ‘design’ (who does what, where, how?) 4) Markets, finance, policy expertise 5) Landscape tracking and assessment Core capacities needed to implement ecoagriculture landscape strategies
  21. 21. The Landscape Measures Initiative: Tools for assessing landscape performance Contents  Process  Practice  Case Studies  Glossary A web-based hub for a virtual learning network Testing in “learning landscapes”
  22. 22. EcoAgriculture Partners programs Research and Impact Assessment Enabling Markets & Policies Learning Landscapes (US, East Africa, Mesoamerica) Leadership Development Landscapes and Leaders
  23. 23. Thank you! Please visit our website at…