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2010 quivira mob grazing workshop

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Mob Grazing Workshop, by Greg Judy

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2010 quivira mob grazing workshop

  1. 1. Holistic High Density Grazing Judy Farms
  2. 2. Mob & Move
  3. 3. Microbe Tank
  4. 4. Our Operation: • Microbe Farmers • Grazing Livestock • Building Top Soil • Marketing Solar Energy
  5. 5. Former Grazing Practices • Rotate quickly • Keep seed head off • Plants suffered • Summer slump effect
  6. 6. Summer Slump • Short stressed roots. • No stockpile. • Annual Hay Feeding.
  7. 7. Cow Needs What To Survive? • Hint: It is located on the tips of mature plants!
  8. 8. Answer: •Energy is the most limiting factor on farms.
  9. 9. Fully Mature Sward
  10. 10. Future Litter Bank
  11. 11. Planned Grazing • 2-3 rotations per year. • 1-2 in growing season. • Once in dormant season. • 8 rotations previously.
  12. 12. Rule No.1 •Increase stocking density not stocking rate!!
  13. 13. Recovery Periods • Combined Herds. • Grazing mature plant. • Plant roots re-grown. • Healthier plants.
  14. 14. Creating Open Savannah
  15. 15. Before Mob
  16. 16. Mob Grazed 12 Hours
  17. 17. Farm Inputs? • No lime • No fertilizer • No machinery • Minimal labor
  18. 18. Major Paradigm Broken • Cattle Walk. • Major Cost & Labor Savings. • Improved Animal Health.
  19. 19. Cattle Drive To Next Farm
  20. 20. HUGE Cost Savings • Hauling, Diesel, Labor, Weight Loss & Sickness. • Pure Joy watching them walk!
  21. 21. Animals “Walk” To Water • Using temporary lanes. • Lane is moved next rotation. • No dirt cattle trails.
  22. 22. HDG Terms • Animal Performance Mode: “Concentrate getting quality forage through the animal every day”
  23. 23. Animal Performance Mode
  24. 24. HDG Terms Con’t • Landscaping Mode: “Focused on building soil with low maintenance requirement animals”
  25. 25. March Strip-grazing
  26. 26. 90 Days Later
  27. 27. • . Litter Builds New Soil
  28. 28. South Poll Herd
  29. 29. • “Herd Effect” heals ditches & riparian areas. • Excited animals, powerful land improvement tool.
  30. 30. 4“ Rain
  31. 31. 90 days later
  32. 32. Strip Grazing Cockleburs
  33. 33. Eating Cockleburs
  34. 34. Cocklebur stems
  35. 35. Forage Jungle
  36. 36. 1st Year Planned Grazing 1. More quality forage grown. 2. More drought proof. 3. Better manure distribution. 4. More litter. 5. More worms.
  37. 37. 6.Faster mineral recycling. 7. Increased plant diversity. 8. More legumes. 9. Warm Season grasses. 10. More quality wildlife. 11. More peace of mind. 12. More profit.
  38. 38. Spring Overgrazing (3 herds)
  39. 39. Multi-species
  40. 40. Weed Eaters
  41. 41. Hogs & Cattle
  42. 42. Stocking Rate Judy Farms • 1 AU = 1000 lb cow. • 1 A.D.= one animal day of feed. • 272 AU x 365 days = 99280A.D. • 99280 AD/600acres=165AD/acre • 600 acres/272 AU= 2.2 acre/AU.
  43. 43. Animal Days: 60 Acre Farm MIG System • Rotational Grazing (AU=1000 lb. cow),(AD=Animal Days). • 36 AU x 180 days = 6480 AD. • Grazing Period (May-Oct.). • No Winter Stockpile!
  44. 44. HHDG Animal Days: • 60 Acre Farm. • 240 AU x 30 days = 7200 A.D. • Two Grazings Per Year. • Total = 14400 Animal Days. • (222% Increase vs. Rotational). • More Volume,Quality,Diversity.
  45. 45. March 23rd , Still Grazing Stockpile
  46. 46. April 15th , stockpile left to graze.
  47. 47. Winter Grazing Value? • 1200 lb cow @ 3% BW • 36 lbs forage per day • Judy farms, 200 head = 7200 lbs per day required • 7200/1200 lb bale= 6 bales
  48. 48. Winter Cost’s Con’t • 6 bales x $30 = $180/day • Missouri dormant season Nov 15th-April 15th . (150 days) • 150 days x $180 = $27,000 • $27,000/ 200 hd = $135
  49. 49. 24 Hour Re-growth
  50. 50. New 30 Foot Deep Lake
  51. 51. • Stopped frost seeding. • $5000 yearly savings. • Fall Legume seedset, best.
  52. 52. Stocker Quality Forage
  53. 53. Mature Sward = Weed Pressure • Mature grass sward shades out weeds. • Baby weed seedlings have competition.
  54. 54. Ignore The Weeds • Don’t target the weeds. • Graze half the leaf of good plants. • Ignore weeds, they are litter.
  55. 55. Persimmon Sprouts Mobbed
  56. 56. • Focus on no inputs. • Focus on building “Your Mob”. • Planned Grazing will heal your soil, plants and pocketbook.
  57. 57. Rainy Period, ½ Day Moves
  58. 58. • Strip graze 365 days a year. • Fresh re-covered plants every day. • Key to animal performance.
  59. 59. • When Is A Plant Recovered? • When It Has Four Leaves. • Fully Mature, Graze it.
  60. 60. • Full Recovered Plants Shine In A Drought. • Preserves Moisture And Holds Dew.
  61. 61. Limited Water Access
  62. 62. One Big Water Tank
  63. 63. Water Tank Predator
  64. 64. 60 Gallon Tank=160 Cows
  65. 65. Native Warm Season Perennials • Indian Grass. • Big Bluestem. • Gama Grass.
  66. 66. Gama Grass
  67. 67. Big Bluestem
  68. 68. Turning Weeds Into Lamb
  69. 69. Twin Lambs
  70. 70. Sheep Paddock Move
  71. 71. Guard Dog
  72. 72. Dung Beetles • Dung beetle activity exploded. • Dung Beetle castles!
  73. 73. Dung Beetle Castles
  74. 74. Dung Beetle Hole
  75. 75. Ground Litter • Microbial food. • Increased soil moisture. • More earthworms . • Your farms future !
  76. 76. • Recovered sward, opportunity for litter. • Don’t let cattle eat litter. • “Focus On Litter”
  77. 77. Mature Sward
  78. 78. Mature Sward,12 Hr Graze Period, 100,000 lbs
  79. 79. Fresh ground litter
  80. 80. 4 weeks later
  81. 81. 4 weeks rest new clover
  82. 82. New Soil
  83. 83. Microbe, earthworm habitat
  84. 84. New Seedlings
  85. 85. Chopped Ground Litter
  86. 86. Perfect Cow Pie
  87. 87. Giant Ragweed
  88. 88. Three Hours High Density!
  89. 89. Microbial Action • Green season = microbes active. • Opportunity for soil growth. • Optimize microbe food each grazing.
  90. 90. • Planned Grazing Tools: 1. Obrien geared reels 3:1 ratio. 2. White poly wire. 3. Obrien tread-in posts.
  91. 91. The Tools
  92. 92. Temporary Cornerposts • Red Obrien Pig tail Post. • 30” tall, low cantilever pull. • Used as corners.
  93. 93. Powered Up!
  94. 94. Early spring landscaping mode
  95. 95. Gama Grass Grazing • Mob grazed in Fall. • Mob grazed in May. • I didn’t Kill It !!
  96. 96. 90 days later
  97. 97. Lespedeza /Gama Grass
  98. 98. Herd Health • Health issues caused by limiting animal intake. • Pneumonia, foot rot, pinkeye show up 30-60 days later.
  99. 99. Grass Finished Steers
  100. 100. 1100 lb steer on 50% red clover
  101. 101. Grass-finished Steer, 3 lbs/day
  102. 102. Steers Grazing Gama Grass, July
  103. 103. South Poll Bull
  104. 104. 2008 Mob Grazing School
  105. 105. Here’s The Proof!
  106. 106. Closing Thoughts • You will make mistakes. • Push the outer limits. • THIS IS EXCITING STUFF GO HAVE FUN !!
  107. 107. 3 Day Mob Grazing School With Ian Mitchell Innes April 27-29th, 2011 Held At Judy Farms
  108. 108. Our Website: greenpasturesfarm.net

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