2010 quivira mob grazing workshop

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Mob Grazing Workshop, by Greg Judy

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  • Microbe and Earthworm habitat
  • 2010 quivira mob grazing workshop

    1. 1. Holistic High Density Grazing Judy Farms
    2. 2. Mob & Move
    3. 3. Microbe Tank
    4. 4. Our Operation: • Microbe Farmers • Grazing Livestock • Building Top Soil • Marketing Solar Energy
    5. 5. Former Grazing Practices • Rotate quickly • Keep seed head off • Plants suffered • Summer slump effect
    6. 6. Summer Slump • Short stressed roots. • No stockpile. • Annual Hay Feeding.
    7. 7. Cow Needs What To Survive? • Hint: It is located on the tips of mature plants!
    8. 8. Answer: •Energy is the most limiting factor on farms.
    9. 9. Fully Mature Sward
    10. 10. Future Litter Bank
    11. 11. Planned Grazing • 2-3 rotations per year. • 1-2 in growing season. • Once in dormant season. • 8 rotations previously.
    12. 12. Rule No.1 •Increase stocking density not stocking rate!!
    13. 13. Recovery Periods • Combined Herds. • Grazing mature plant. • Plant roots re-grown. • Healthier plants.
    14. 14. Creating Open Savannah
    15. 15. Before Mob
    16. 16. Mob Grazed 12 Hours
    17. 17. Farm Inputs? • No lime • No fertilizer • No machinery • Minimal labor
    18. 18. Major Paradigm Broken • Cattle Walk. • Major Cost & Labor Savings. • Improved Animal Health.
    19. 19. Cattle Drive To Next Farm
    20. 20. HUGE Cost Savings • Hauling, Diesel, Labor, Weight Loss & Sickness. • Pure Joy watching them walk!
    21. 21. Animals “Walk” To Water • Using temporary lanes. • Lane is moved next rotation. • No dirt cattle trails.
    22. 22. HDG Terms • Animal Performance Mode: “Concentrate getting quality forage through the animal every day”
    23. 23. Animal Performance Mode
    24. 24. HDG Terms Con’t • Landscaping Mode: “Focused on building soil with low maintenance requirement animals”
    25. 25. March Strip-grazing
    26. 26. 90 Days Later
    27. 27. • . Litter Builds New Soil
    28. 28. South Poll Herd
    29. 29. • “Herd Effect” heals ditches & riparian areas. • Excited animals, powerful land improvement tool.
    30. 30. 4“ Rain
    31. 31. 90 days later
    32. 32. Strip Grazing Cockleburs
    33. 33. Eating Cockleburs
    34. 34. Cocklebur stems
    35. 35. Forage Jungle
    36. 36. 1st Year Planned Grazing 1. More quality forage grown. 2. More drought proof. 3. Better manure distribution. 4. More litter. 5. More worms.
    37. 37. 6.Faster mineral recycling. 7. Increased plant diversity. 8. More legumes. 9. Warm Season grasses. 10. More quality wildlife. 11. More peace of mind. 12. More profit.
    38. 38. Spring Overgrazing (3 herds)
    39. 39. Multi-species
    40. 40. Weed Eaters
    41. 41. Hogs & Cattle
    42. 42. Stocking Rate Judy Farms • 1 AU = 1000 lb cow. • 1 A.D.= one animal day of feed. • 272 AU x 365 days = 99280A.D. • 99280 AD/600acres=165AD/acre • 600 acres/272 AU= 2.2 acre/AU.
    43. 43. Animal Days: 60 Acre Farm MIG System • Rotational Grazing (AU=1000 lb. cow),(AD=Animal Days). • 36 AU x 180 days = 6480 AD. • Grazing Period (May-Oct.). • No Winter Stockpile!
    44. 44. HHDG Animal Days: • 60 Acre Farm. • 240 AU x 30 days = 7200 A.D. • Two Grazings Per Year. • Total = 14400 Animal Days. • (222% Increase vs. Rotational). • More Volume,Quality,Diversity.
    45. 45. March 23rd , Still Grazing Stockpile
    46. 46. April 15th , stockpile left to graze.
    47. 47. Winter Grazing Value? • 1200 lb cow @ 3% BW • 36 lbs forage per day • Judy farms, 200 head = 7200 lbs per day required • 7200/1200 lb bale= 6 bales
    48. 48. Winter Cost’s Con’t • 6 bales x $30 = $180/day • Missouri dormant season Nov 15th-April 15th . (150 days) • 150 days x $180 = $27,000 • $27,000/ 200 hd = $135
    49. 49. 24 Hour Re-growth
    50. 50. New 30 Foot Deep Lake
    51. 51. • Stopped frost seeding. • $5000 yearly savings. • Fall Legume seedset, best.
    52. 52. Stocker Quality Forage
    53. 53. Mature Sward = Weed Pressure • Mature grass sward shades out weeds. • Baby weed seedlings have competition.
    54. 54. Ignore The Weeds • Don’t target the weeds. • Graze half the leaf of good plants. • Ignore weeds, they are litter.
    55. 55. Persimmon Sprouts Mobbed
    56. 56. • Focus on no inputs. • Focus on building “Your Mob”. • Planned Grazing will heal your soil, plants and pocketbook.
    57. 57. Rainy Period, ½ Day Moves
    58. 58. • Strip graze 365 days a year. • Fresh re-covered plants every day. • Key to animal performance.
    59. 59. • When Is A Plant Recovered? • When It Has Four Leaves. • Fully Mature, Graze it.
    60. 60. • Full Recovered Plants Shine In A Drought. • Preserves Moisture And Holds Dew.
    61. 61. Limited Water Access
    62. 62. One Big Water Tank
    63. 63. Water Tank Predator
    64. 64. 60 Gallon Tank=160 Cows
    65. 65. Native Warm Season Perennials • Indian Grass. • Big Bluestem. • Gama Grass.
    66. 66. Gama Grass
    67. 67. Big Bluestem
    68. 68. Turning Weeds Into Lamb
    69. 69. Twin Lambs
    70. 70. Sheep Paddock Move
    71. 71. Guard Dog
    72. 72. Dung Beetles • Dung beetle activity exploded. • Dung Beetle castles!
    73. 73. Dung Beetle Castles
    74. 74. Dung Beetle Hole
    75. 75. Ground Litter • Microbial food. • Increased soil moisture. • More earthworms . • Your farms future !
    76. 76. • Recovered sward, opportunity for litter. • Don’t let cattle eat litter. • “Focus On Litter”
    77. 77. Mature Sward
    78. 78. Mature Sward,12 Hr Graze Period, 100,000 lbs
    79. 79. Fresh ground litter
    80. 80. 4 weeks later
    81. 81. 4 weeks rest new clover
    82. 82. New Soil
    83. 83. Microbe, earthworm habitat
    84. 84. New Seedlings
    85. 85. Chopped Ground Litter
    86. 86. Perfect Cow Pie
    87. 87. Giant Ragweed
    88. 88. Three Hours High Density!
    89. 89. Microbial Action • Green season = microbes active. • Opportunity for soil growth. • Optimize microbe food each grazing.
    90. 90. • Planned Grazing Tools: 1. Obrien geared reels 3:1 ratio. 2. White poly wire. 3. Obrien tread-in posts.
    91. 91. The Tools
    92. 92. Temporary Cornerposts • Red Obrien Pig tail Post. • 30” tall, low cantilever pull. • Used as corners.
    93. 93. Powered Up!
    94. 94. Early spring landscaping mode
    95. 95. Gama Grass Grazing • Mob grazed in Fall. • Mob grazed in May. • I didn’t Kill It !!
    96. 96. 90 days later
    97. 97. Lespedeza /Gama Grass
    98. 98. Herd Health • Health issues caused by limiting animal intake. • Pneumonia, foot rot, pinkeye show up 30-60 days later.
    99. 99. Grass Finished Steers
    100. 100. 1100 lb steer on 50% red clover
    101. 101. Grass-finished Steer, 3 lbs/day
    102. 102. Steers Grazing Gama Grass, July
    103. 103. South Poll Bull
    104. 104. 2008 Mob Grazing School
    105. 105. Here’s The Proof!
    106. 106. Closing Thoughts • You will make mistakes. • Push the outer limits. • THIS IS EXCITING STUFF GO HAVE FUN !!
    107. 107. 3 Day Mob Grazing School With Ian Mitchell Innes April 27-29th, 2011 Held At Judy Farms
    108. 108. Our Website: greenpasturesfarm.net

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