SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Last Mile Connectivity
IIC Annual Workshop
July 30, 2015
@ayus_h
ayush@quicksand.co.in
www.quicksand.co.in
EXAMPLE 1
Direct Benefits
Transfer
Direct Benefits Transfer
An ambitious pan-India effort to transfer social security benefits and wage
payments directly into the bank accounts of the rural and tribal poor:
>plug leakages in the erstwhile process of transferring benefits through a
multi-tiered system
>advance financial inclusion goals for the poorest
>move forward towards a Digital India vision
Payments are made to end beneficiaries through an elaborate
system of smart cards, linked bank accounts, point of
transaction terminals, identity authentication and a network of
community service providers
Biometric authentication devices fail in these
settings on multiple counts
Heavily cash dependent payment system adds
risk, complications and delays
There is no awareness of these bank accounts
being anything more than payment conduits
EXAMPLE 2
Swachh Bharat
Abhiyan
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
A massive infrastructure effort to provide people basic sanitation access and
eliminate open defecation:
>building a toilet would prompt people to use them
>toilets would ensure safe disposal of fecal matter
>pay per use would ensure self sustainability of shared toilet facilities
Government has made a clarion call to build individual, public
and community toilets across the country through public-
private partnerships
People’s reasons for resorting to open
defecation is more than just lack of toilets
People with toilets at home may still be
defecating outside
Toilets often run into disuse because of a
dysfunctional sewage management system
People with toilets at home may still be
defecating outside
Enforcing payments within communities is one
of the biggest challenges for caretakers
Human Centered Design
A Framework to Tackle the Challenges of Last Mile
Connectivity
1. Understand End-User Experience
>there is no substitute to spending time with people
>have a hypotheses that is grounded in the everyday reality of people
2. Co-create Solutions
>involve a diverse set of stakeholders while conceptualizing solutions
>take a systems approach while designing solutions
3. Make Prototyping & Testing a Continuous
Process
>prototyping & testing cannot be limited to pilots
>turn your ideas real and tangible to get quick and early feedback
Last Mile Connectivity
IIC Annual Workshop
July 30, 2015
@ayus_h
ayush@quicksand.co.in
www.quicksand.co.in

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Last Mile Connectivity

  • 1. Last Mile Connectivity IIC Annual Workshop July 30, 2015 @ayus_h ayush@quicksand.co.in www.quicksand.co.in
  • 3. Direct Benefits Transfer An ambitious pan-India effort to transfer social security benefits and wage payments directly into the bank accounts of the rural and tribal poor: >plug leakages in the erstwhile process of transferring benefits through a multi-tiered system >advance financial inclusion goals for the poorest >move forward towards a Digital India vision
  • 4. Payments are made to end beneficiaries through an elaborate system of smart cards, linked bank accounts, point of transaction terminals, identity authentication and a network of community service providers
  • 5. Biometric authentication devices fail in these settings on multiple counts
  • 6. Heavily cash dependent payment system adds risk, complications and delays
  • 7. There is no awareness of these bank accounts being anything more than payment conduits
  • 9. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan A massive infrastructure effort to provide people basic sanitation access and eliminate open defecation: >building a toilet would prompt people to use them >toilets would ensure safe disposal of fecal matter >pay per use would ensure self sustainability of shared toilet facilities
  • 10. Government has made a clarion call to build individual, public and community toilets across the country through public- private partnerships
  • 11. People’s reasons for resorting to open defecation is more than just lack of toilets
  • 12. People with toilets at home may still be defecating outside Toilets often run into disuse because of a dysfunctional sewage management system
  • 13. People with toilets at home may still be defecating outside Enforcing payments within communities is one of the biggest challenges for caretakers
  • 14. Human Centered Design A Framework to Tackle the Challenges of Last Mile Connectivity
  • 15. 1. Understand End-User Experience >there is no substitute to spending time with people >have a hypotheses that is grounded in the everyday reality of people
  • 16. 2. Co-create Solutions >involve a diverse set of stakeholders while conceptualizing solutions >take a systems approach while designing solutions
  • 17. 3. Make Prototyping & Testing a Continuous Process >prototyping & testing cannot be limited to pilots >turn your ideas real and tangible to get quick and early feedback
  • 18. Last Mile Connectivity IIC Annual Workshop July 30, 2015 @ayus_h ayush@quicksand.co.in www.quicksand.co.in