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Life Safety and Property Protection


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This presentation is based on CPTED principles as taught by law enforcement agencies around the country.

Published in: Education
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Life Safety and Property Protection

  1. 1. Life Safety & Property Protection Safeguarding Your Family, Your Home, Your Employees and Business Today
  2. 2. Your Guest Speaker Troy Ross Former 15 Year Veteran Police Officer Electronic Security Consultant Quality CCTV Systems in Midlothian, VA
  3. 3. What is Crime Prevention? It is the anticipation, recognition and appraisal of a crime risk (or risks) and the initiation of some action to remove or reduce it.
  4. 4. CPTED CPTED* is Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. It is a theory that says that law enforcement officers, architects, city planners, landscape and interior designers, and resident volunteers can create a climate of safety in a community right from the start. Strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts. * Ray C. Jeffery. (1971), a criminologist from Florida State University
  5. 5. The Benefits Improved sense of security and quality of life through reduced fear of crime Fewer crimes committed in neighborhoods, fewer victimizations of residents Safer business locations that are more attractive to customers and employees
  6. 6. The Three Key CPTED Principles Natural Surveillance Natural Access Control Natural Territorial Reinforcement
  7. 7. Natural Surveillance Increases the threat of apprehension by taking steps to increase the perception that people can be seen. Occurs by designing the placement of physical features, activities and people in such a way as to maximize visibility and foster positive social interaction among legitimate users of private and public space. Potential offenders feel increased scrutiny and limitations on their escape routes.
  8. 8. Examples of Natural Surveillance Leave window shades open during the day See that plantation is no higher than any window sill See that tree limbs hang no lower than 6 feet from the ground Keep tree limbs from second floor access Use the shortest, least sight-limiting fence possible
  9. 9. More Examples of Natural Surveillance Make sure that the area is well lit at night Use motion detectors and photocell control on all exterior lights Natural surveillance measures can be complemented by mechanical and organizational measures. For example, CCTV cameras can be added in areas where window surveillance is unavailable.
  10. 10. Natural Surveillance
  11. 11. Natural Access Control Natural access control limits the opportunity for crime by taking steps to clearly differentiate between public space and private space. By selectively placing entrances and exits, fencing, lighting and landscape to limit access or control flow, natural access control occurs.
  12. 12. Examples of Natural Access Control Use a single, clearly identifiable, point of entry. In businesses, use structures to divert persons to reception areas. Use low, thorny bushes beneath ground level windows. Use a locking gate between front and backyards.
  13. 13. More Examples of Natural Access Control In the front yard, use waist-level, picket-type fencing along residential property lines to control access, encourage surveillance. Use substantial, high, closed fencing (for example, masonry) between a backyard and a public alley.
  14. 14. Natural Access Control
  15. 15. Natural Territorial Reinforcement Promotes social control through increased definition of space. To clearly delineate private space does two things – a) it creates a sense of ownership which challenges intruders and b) the sense of owned space creates an environment where strangers or intruders stand out and are more easily identified.
  16. 16. Natural Territorial Reinforcement By using buildings, fences, pavement, signs, lighting and landscape to express ownership and define public, semi-public and private space, natural territorial reinforcement occurs.
  17. 17. Examples Maintained premises and landscaping such that it communicates an alert and active presence occupying the space. Plant trees! Spaces with more trees are seen as significantly more attractive, more safe – but sure tree limbs hang no lower than 6 feet from the ground. Display security system signage at access points.
  18. 18. Examples Placing amenities such as seating or refreshments in common areas in a commercial or institutional setting helps to attract larger numbers of desired users. Territorial reinforcement measures make the normal user feel safe and make the potential offender aware of a substantial risk of apprehension or scrutiny.
  19. 19. Natural Territorial Reinforcement
  20. 20. CPTED Enhanced Activity Support – which increases the use of a built environment for safe activities with the intent of increasing the risk of detection of criminal and undesirable activities. Maintenance – is an expression of ownership of property. Deterioration indicates less control by the intended users of a site and indicates a greater tolerance of disorder.
  21. 21. Activity Support Organizing inclusive neighborhood events on community property or your own property. Providing benches, picnic tables, and working water fountains in neighborhood parks. Scheduling athletic events at nearby public school facilities. Holding outdoor gatherings on hot summer nights. Accommodating bicycles, joggers, and fitness walkers. Providing community dog exercise areas.
  22. 22. Maintenance Maintaining lawns, planting flowers and trimming shows pride of ownership. Change bulbs immediately when they burn out. Do not keep inoperable vehicles on the property (store them in a garage). Replace broken windows & maintain painted surfaces on buildings.
  23. 23. The 3 Ds of Assessment Designation – what is the space used for and how well does it currently support its use? Definition – how is the space currently defined and where are the borders? Is it clear who owns the space? Are there signs? Design – does the current design support desirable behavior? What can be improved?
  24. 24. Target Hardening Means of reducing the opportunity for the criminal to commit a crime by tightening security of potential crime targets. For example, a convenience store displays large ads in their windows. The windows should be targeted by removing the ads to improve visibility to those inside and out.
  25. 25. Exterior Lighting Lighting should be taken into serious consideration. Many forms of lighting do not produce ample coverage of areas to insure proper visibility. For example, standard incandescent bulbs provide poor lighting, however, metal halide provide the best.
  26. 26. Incandescent on a Deck
  27. 27. Metal Halide for Parking
  28. 28. Fencing and Walls The use of fences and walls defines territory and separates public areas from private areas. Using the correct types and heights enhances their capabilities and purpose.
  29. 29. Fencing and Walls
  30. 30. Which Would Best Deter Crime?
  31. 31. The Security Survey The Security Survey is a comprehensive appraisal and study of the property. Typically a checklist is used to note specifics. Once completed, the data is considered and a recommendation report is compiled and issued to the customer. Quality CCTV Systems is the only electronic security provider in the area that conducts such surveys.
  32. 32. Recommendation Report The report consists of recommendations. No compliance is required but strongly suggested. A recommendation followed in a report does not guarantee that your property will be 100% immune to criminal activity. The survey and report can be very effective tools to use to uncover security weaknesses.
  33. 33. Recommendation Report The report typically includes suggestions which we have already discussed with CPTED. Now that the outer perimeter has been addressed, the second part of the equation deals with the interior of the building.
  34. 34. Security Design It is ideal that every opening to a building – doors and windows – should have 3 methods of protection (2 at the very minimum). 1) Physical – locks (primary) 2) Electronic – contacts (secondary) 3) Electronic – a motion detector or motion and a glass break detector (secondary)
  35. 35. Electronic Security Systems Their function is to detect intrusion, manage access control and allow for surveillance. The system senses, decides and then acts. For example, someone breaks a window in a bedroom. The system senses the breakage with a glass break detector. Then the alarm “brains” decides to act on the info by sounding an alarm and calling the station.
  36. 36. CCTV Systems CCTV systems compliment burglar alarm systems. Typically they include cameras that can see in very low light and a DVR that will record the activity. You might receive an intrusion alarm on the back door. By viewing the camera or recording, you can confirm an intruder is present.
  37. 37. Access Control In a business environment, a door could have an access control keypad or card reader which will allow or deny access. No traditional key is required.
  38. 38. National Crime Statistics A Burglary occurs every 10 seconds - homes lacking alarm systems are 3 times more likely to be infiltrated. A Robbery occurs every 60 seconds A Rape occurs every 2 minutes A Homicide occurs every 25 seconds FACT: The number of home break-ins always rise during the summer months
  39. 39. Richmond Area Crime Risk Index
  40. 40. What Are Your Chances? Your chances of becoming a victim of a violent crime in Midlothian, Virginia is 1 in 1,461. As a victim of a property crime – 1 in 207. Your chances of becoming a victim of a violent crime in Glen Allen, Virginia is 1 in 508. As a victim of a property crime – 1 in 37. Your chances of becoming a victim of a violent crime in Richmond, Virginia is 1 in 72. As a victim of a property crime – 1 in 14.
  41. 41. So What Can I Do? Get Educated – but recognize the fact that no one is immune to crime Shift Your Knowledge from “Unaware” to “Aware” – get a Security Survey completed on your home or business. Shift Your Defenses from “Unprotected” to “Protected” – by having a Security System installed.
  42. 42. Proper Credentials Make sure that the company you select is properly licensed by the Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) Installers and Consultants must also be officially registered by DCJS Ask to see their credentials – they are required by law to carry and present them
  43. 43. Contact Information Troy Ross Electronic Security Consultant Quality CCTV Systems 804-276-7300 extension 18 Midlothian, Va.