Meditations on the Scourging Recommendation: Please read the contents of one of the 20 mysteries meditations before you start your prayer. Some of these presentations (e.g. The Fifth Sorrowful Mystery: The Crucifixion) contains over 60 slides. With so much spiritual food that it is best to read and contemplate on a few of the slides each time. We welcome biblical scholars, theologians, lecturers and professors of theological institutions and seminaries and lay people around the world to contribute precious pictures and words to accompany specific scenes in the Rosary in Visual Art. You can contribute through the BLOG on our website.
Second Sorrowful Mystery The Scourging at the PillarPilate’s next move was to takeJesus and have him scourged Fruit of the Mystery: Purity Grace of mortifying our senses
1. Sacrificial victimGod has placed uponHim the iniquities of usall. Christ substitutedHimself voluntarily forus as a sacrificial victim in order to pay ourdebt, and to restoredivine life to us.Alonso Cana 1601-1667.The flagellation of Christ.National museum of Art. Bucharest
2.* To heal us He took all the pain because He loved us, and wanted to heal us of our sins, and of all the diseases of the body, mind and soul.Caravaggio, Flagellation of Christ. 1607
“Human nature is slow, coarse and uneducated; and if it is not cultivated and softened, it gives no fruit in season, and on account of its evil inclinations, will never of itself become fit for the most loving and sweet interactions with the highest Good. Therefore it must be shaped and reduced by the hammer of adversities, refined in the crucible of tribulation, in order that it may become fit and capable of the divine gifts and favors and may learn to despise terrestrial and fallacious goods , wherein death is concealed.” (Mary of Agreda)
3. To set us free: By the scourging He received, Hewants to set us free, of all types of oppression and bondage. The spirit of the Lord is upon me. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and to let the oppressed go free.Caravaggio, The Flagellation of Christ, 1607.
Thereupon those ministers of Satan, with many others, brought Jesus our Savior to the place of punishment, which was a courtyard or enclosure attached to the house and set apart for the torture of criminals in order to force them to confess their crimes. It was surrounded by a low, open building, surrounded by columns, some of which supported the roof, while others were lower and stood free. To one of these columns, which was of marble, they bound Jesus very securely; for they still thought Him a magician and feared his escape. Thus the Lord stood uncovered in the presence of a great multitude and the six torturers bound Him brutally to one of the columns in order to chastise Him so much the more at their ease. Then, two and two at a time, they began to scourge Him with such inhuman cruelty, as was possible only in men possessed by Lucifer as were these executioners. (Mary of Agreda. The Mystical City of God)
4. Offer me your sufferings. “Let these children of mine offer me all their sufferings, all their misunderstandings, all their difficulties. This is the greatest gift that they can make to me. Nothing comforts my Sorrowful Heart more than a suffering which is offered to me out of love.” (Gobbi)Guido Reni, Flagellation of Christ. 1640-42
5.**Spirit of Penance. “I ask that they offer their sufferings in a spirit of reparation, of purification and of sanctification. I myself personally and lovingly take care to give consolation in suffering and, if it be in the will of the Lord, to offer the gift of healing.” (Gobbi)Vercelli, Flagellation of Christ, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
5. Take the blows 5A. Take the blows Christ, You who had done no wrong willingly bore the punishment of a common criminal for our sake. Help us to take the blows that fall our way, whether or not we think we deserve them. “I fear no blows, because God is my shield.” (St. Faustina Kowalska)Vercelli, Flagellation of Christ, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
5B. Spirit of penance By this mystery, let us ask for the grace of the spirit of prayer and penance, by which the world will be saved. Prayer and penance purify our souls and sanctify them.Vercelli, Flagellation of Christ, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
The first two scourged the innocent Savior with hard and thick cords, full of rough knots, and in their sacrilegious fury strained all the powers of their body to inflict the blows. This first scourging raised in the deified body of the Lord great welts and livid tumors, so that the sacred blood gathered beneath the skin and disfigured his entire body. Already it began to ooze through the wounds. The first two having at length desisted, the second pair continued the scourging in still greater emulation; with hardened leather thongs they leveled their strokes upon the places already sore and caused the discolored tumors to break open and shed forth the sacred blood until it bespattered and drenched the garments of the sacrilegious torturers, running down also in streams to the pavement. Those two gave way to the third pair of scourgers, who commenced to beat the Lord with extremely tough rawhides, dried hard like osier twigs. They scourged Him still more cruelly, because they were wounding, not so much his virginal body, as cutting into the wounds already produced by the previous scourging. Besides they had been secretly incited to greater fury by the demons, who were filled with new rage at the patience of Christ. (Mystical city of God)
St. Augustine assures us that there is no spiritual exercise more fruitful or more useful thanthe frequent reflection on the sufferings of our Lord. Blessed Albert the Great, who hadSt. Thomas Aquinas as his student, learned in a revelation that by simply thinkingof or meditating on the passion of Jesus Christ, a Christian gains more merit than ifhe had fasted on bread and water every Friday for a year, or had beaten himselfwith the discipline once a week till blood flowed, or had recited the whole Book ofPsalms every day. If this is so, then how great must be the merit we can gain from theRosary, which commemorates the whole life and passion of our Lord? (St. Louis
3. The actual scourging as revealed by Our Lady
6. Let us never forget that we have been redeemed at great price by the precious blood of Christ. “By the stripes of Christ, we are healed and set free. By the scourging, He atoned for mankind’s sins of sensuality and impurity.” (Gobbi)Michael Pacher, Flagellation of Christ. 1495. Church of Salzburg. Vienna.
7. “At the first blow of the scourging, I fell as if dead, and on recovering my senses, I beheld His Body bruised and beaten to the very ribs, so that His ribs could be seen.” (Our Lady said to St. Bridget of Sweden.) Passion of Christ. Movie
7A.The normal procedure was to be whipped 39 times. Jesus was whipped furiously: the demons took possession of the soldiers. Jesus’ flesh was so torn, you could see His bones. Passion of Christ. Movie
8.*** “Pray for those who are possessed by hatred. Pray for those who are consumed by revenge.”Not for one moment did she (Our Lady) stop praying for theenemies and torturers of her Son. (Mary of Agreda. Mystical city of God.) Passion of Christ. Movie
8A. For forty five minutes she witnessed the scourging of her divine Son by three successive pairs of cursing Egyptian slaves armed with hard cords, thorny branches and chains equipped with sharp iron hooks. Passion of Christ. Movie
8B. The great Lord and Author of all creation who, by his divine nature was incapable of suffering, was, in his human flesh and for our sake, reduced to a man of sorrows. (Mary of Agreda) Passion of Christ. Movie
As the veins of the sacred body had now been opened and his whole Person seemed but one continued wound, the third pair found no more room for new wounds. Their ceaseless blows inhumanly tore the immaculate and virginal flesh of Christ our Redeemer and scattered many pieces of it about the pavement; so much so that a large portion of the shoulder-bones were exposed and showed red through the flowing blood: in other places also the bones were laid bare larger than the palm of the hand. In order to wipe out entirely that beauty, which exceeded that of all other men (Ps. 44, 3), they beat Him in the face and in the feet and hands, thus leaving unwounded not a single spot in which they could exert their fury and wrath against the most innocent Lamb. The divine blood flowed to the ground, gathering here and there in great abundance. (Mary of Agreda. Mystical City of God.)
The scourging in the face, and in the hands and feet, was unspeakably painful, because these parts are so full of sensitive and delicate nerves. His venerable countenance became so swollen and wounded that the blood and the swellings blinded Him. In addition to their blows the executioners spited upon his Person their disgusting spittle and loaded Him with insulting epithets (Thren. 3, 30). The exact number of blows dealt out to the Savior from head to foot was 5,115. The great Lord and Author of all creation who, by his divine nature was incapable of suffering, was, in his human flesh and for our sake, reduced to a man of sorrows as prophesied, and was made to experience our infirmities, becoming the last of men (Is. 53, 3), a man of sorrows and the outcast of the people. (Mystical city of God)
9. Christ after flagellation.“There are few souls who contemplate My Passionwith true feeling. I give great graces to souls whomeditate devoutly on My Passion”-----Jesus spoke to St.Faustina Kowalska.Diego Rodriguez de Silva, Christ after the Flagellation, 1632. National Gallery. London.
10. Today Jesus is scourged in his body by the spread ofsins of impurity, by this flood of filth, and by so manyoffences committed against the dignity of the human person. (Gobbi)Jaime Huguet, Flagellation of Christ, 1492. Museum of Louvre. Paris
The ( National ) Rosary For the Evangelization of (Nations)1. Fatima Prayer: To Eucharistic Jesus, source of all evangelization. “O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to heaven, especially those who are in most need of thy mercy.”2. Invocation of the Holy Spirit: Principal agent of evangelization. “Come, Holy Spirit! Fill the hearts of the (National) people and enkindle in them the fire of your love! Come by means of the powerful intercession of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, your well-beloved Spouse.”3. Prayer to Our Lady of ( Nation ): Star of the new evangelization. “Hail Holy Queen, Mother of (Nation), come and present the (National) people to Jesus, the fruit of thy womb. Look upon them continually with mercy and through your