Milk Quality Around the World

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Presentations from a session held during the 2013 National Mastitis Council Annual Meeting provide a brief overview of milk quality from various dairy industries across the globe. Includes demographics, milk quality parameters, and other unique practices from Colombia, Italy, Spain, Uruguay, Chile, Germany, New Zealand, United States, Canada, and Great Britain.

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Milk Quality Around the World

  1. 1. Milk Quality Around the World presented at the National Mastitis Council 52nd Annual Meeting January 27 – 29, 2013 San Diego, California A global organization for mastitis control and milk quality
  2. 2. National Mastitis Council 52nd Annual Meeting Presentations from General Session 3 “Milk Quality Around the World”Milk quality continues to gain more importance as consumers become more awareand as countries import and export dairy products. A session held during the NMC52nd Annual Meeting (January 2013) provided a brief overview of milk quality fromsome of the dairy industries across the globe.The following presentations include demographic information, milk qualityparameters, and other unique practices from:• Colombia • Germany• Italy • New Zealand• Spain • United States• Uruguay • Canada• Chile • Great Britain
  3. 3. MILK QUALITY AROUND THE WORLD COLOMBIA ALEJANDRO CEBALLOS, GREG KEEFE, PAULO DUQUE, NESTOR A. VILLA Universidad de Caldas University of Prince Edward Island ©2013
  4. 4. MILK PRODUCTION IN COLOMBIA Holstein, Normande, Jersey, Brown Swiss, Zebu and its crossbreeds Average herd size: ~30 cows Milk production: 5,500 M of kg of milk/year Most coming from Zebu cows (high number with low milk yield)2 ACM, 2012
  5. 5. MILK QUALITY IN COLOMBIA Most of mastitis cases caused by contagious Strep. agalactiae bulk tank prevalence: 42% SCC is not part of the current regulation on milk quality BC still high (hand milking?), current regulation: max 175,000 cfu/mL, no actions taken if higher (processors)3 ACM, 2012
  6. 6. MILK QUALITY IN COLOMBIA • About 50% marketed as raw milk • Milk for pasteurization and dairy products is tested for β-lactam • Bonuses paid for being free of TBC and brucellosis4 ACM, 2012
  7. 7. 5 ACM, 2012
  8. 8. Report from Italy Alfonso Zecconi
  9. 9. National dataTotal number of dairy herds 40,200 20,208 (50%) andNumber (%) reporting: 81% of milk producedPredominant breed: Holstein (82%)Average herd size 67(milking + dry cows):Average milk production per cow 8.5 tons(305 yield):
  10. 10. National dataYear Herds Kg milk BTSCC (billion) arithmetic mean2009 6800 4389 305.0002010 6600 4412 305.0002011 6350 4545 295.000Data on 42% of Italian milk production and 31% of dairy cows
  11. 11. Lombardia data (>40% Italian milk) 28.7% herds 9.6% herds 61,7% herds 70.0% milk 26.0% milk 4.0% milk Herds
  12. 12. Lombardia data (>40% Italian milk)Herd production % % prod TBC SCC Fat Protein classes (ton) Herds 1 100 8,26% 0,49% 112.109 363.850 3,91% 3,39% 100 1.000 60,28% 32,65% 31.923 280.070 3,88% 3,45%1.000 > 31,46% 66,84% 24.956 262.362 3,82% 3.44%
  13. 13. Raw Milk• Raw milk can be purchased directly at farm in Italy.• Farmers should follow more stringent rules on milk quality (SCC, TBC)• Milk (but not farm) should be certified free from S.aureus, Str.agalactiae, Salmonella spp, M.paratuberculosis, E.coli O157:H7, Listeria spp, and Campylobacter spp.• The two most important and tasty Italian cheeses (Parmigiano Reggiano, Grana Padano) and many other are made with raw milk
  14. 14. Future initiatives under consideration• Application on wider scale of herd health management programs by practitioners after specific training programs. Farmer (Vet) Call Questionnaire Results Herd visit and Information Strategic Management Evaluation sampling circle Plan Changes Sampling Results Contagious Control Program Operational Clinical Mastitis circle Periodical END Evaluation (monthly) Herd visit
  15. 15. Most recent success in milk quality• The number of farms that eradicated S.aureus IMI after following voluntary programs• > 100 herds nationwide• > 90% success• Applied by several groups/associations (vets, farmer ass., dairies)
  16. 16. Biggest frustration in milk quality• Still most farmers (with poor quality) believe that SCC and mastitis are not correlated and the source of high SCC are not intramammary infections Positive satisfaction 70 60 50 BTSCC 40 <200 % 30 201-300 20 >300 10 0 vet nutritionist pharma rep feed rep Cipolla & Zecconi 2013
  17. 17. See you in Milan (Aug 2013) forUdder Immunity Workshop at IVIS 2013 !
  18. 18. MILK QUALITY AROUND THE WORLD: SPAIN Luis Miguel Jiménez Servet Talavera luismi-che@servettalavera.es NMC 2013, San Diego (CA)
  19. 19. OVERVIEW 835,749 dairy cows (may 2012) 22.553 dairy farms (may 2012) Deliveries in 2010-2011: 5,854,839 million tonnes of milk (MTM) Deliveries 2011-2012): 6,209,274 MTM Spain Milk Quota 6,108,729 MTM Spain consume 9.000.000 MTM Consume of milk and milk products: 5,278.6 million of Kg (113,3 kg per person)
  20. 20. POPULATION OF COWS
  21. 21. FARMS & COWS PER FARM
  22. 22. DELIVERIES IN LAST 3 YEARS
  23. 23. MILK PRODUCTION PER COW11500110001050010000 9500 9000 8500 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  24. 24. FAT & PROTEIN3,83,63,4 Fat3,2 Protein 32,8 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
  25. 25. REGULATION (EC) Nº 853/2004 Plate count at 30 °C (per ml): ≤ 100 000 Somatic cell count (per ml): ≤ 400 000 Antibiotic residues: do not exceeds any maximum permitted value
  26. 26. DAIRY INTERPROFESSIONAL LABS LIGAL LILA LILC ILL LILCYL ALLIC LILCAM LILCOVAL
  27. 27. LETRA Q SYSTEM LETRA is an acronym, LE is for Leche (milk), TRA is for Trazabilidad (traceability), Q is Quality and LETRA in spanish means letter People of system: industry, labs and administration Obligatory samples management Official samples management Data and statistical reports
  28. 28. OBLIGATORY SAMPLES
  29. 29. ALARMS
  30. 30. SOMATIC CELL COUNT350000 323000 327000300000 290000250000 266000200000150000100000 50000 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
  31. 31. STANDARD PLATE COUNT AT 30º 80000 70000 60000 56000 48000 45000 40000 20000 0 2008 2009 2010 2011
  32. 32. MILK QUALITY PROGRAMS (MQP) About 100 people (veterinarians) work in Milk Quality in Spain Producers are in MQP to improve milk quality, less mastitis and more premiums Many producers are in MQP because they received more subsidies It impossible improve Milk Quality without advice
  33. 33. THANK YOUANY QUESTIONS?
  34. 34. NMC International Advisory Committee. San Diego, California 2013 RELIM Latin-American Network of Mastitis ResearchRed Latinoamericana de Investigación en Mastitis Dr. Marcos Munoz Dr. Elena de Torres Dr. Guillermo Sierra Dr. Fernanda Zorrilla Dr. Alejandro Ceballos www.relim.org
  35. 35. What is RELIM?• RELIM is a network of professionals involved in bovine mastitis control and milk quality from all countries in Latin-America.• The members of this network include specialists of the industry associated with the production of quality milk, researchers, and dairy consultants in milk quality.
  36. 36. How RELIM was born?• RELIM was born in 2012, to fulfill the increasing need for the exchange of knowledge on intramammary infections affecting the dairy herds and milk quality in Latin- America.• Members of the network include specialist from: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, España, Uruguay, USA, and Venezuela.
  37. 37. Our goals• To improve the exchange of knowledge on intramammary infections among the member countries.• Apply that knowledge considering epidemiologic differences of the several milk production systems present in Latin-America• Help to produce quality milk considering both animal welfare and an environmentally sustainable milk production.
  38. 38. 1st RELIM Annual Meeting March 21-22, 2013 Manizales, Colombia Visit us online at: www.relim.org
  39. 39. URUGUAY• Milk production in Uruguay has grown steadily over the past 25 years (5% ave. annual increase).• Uruguay is the top per capita milk producer in LAM at 412 liters.• Uruguay ranks 1 in milk consumption in LAM. (239 L per capita/year)• Milk production has used nearly 1 million hectares of total agricultural surface area (6% of total area) with production levels reaching 1.5 billions L per year.
  40. 40. URUGUAY• 60% of milk received at dairy plants is shipped to more than 70 markets.• In the early 90´s, a National Milk Quality System was established to implement a comprehensive quality process.• The result has been the attainment of >90% of Grade A milk.• Dairy cows: 1,000,000• People: 3,200,000• Dairy producers: 4,000
  41. 41. URUGUAY• Main mastitis pathogens – Staph. aureus: 50% (prev. bet. herds) – Strep. agalactiae: ranges 10 – 15% – Strep. uberis: 15 % increasing trend – CNS: increasing trend
  42. 42. URUGUAY INALE• INALE is an organization which articulates the already existing institutional network in the dairy sector.• Its role is to coordinate (not regulate). The Ministry of Agriculture (M.G.A.P.) has the regulating role• www.inale.org
  43. 43. MILK QUALITY IN URUGUAY Bacterial count * Cell count*100% 0,6 1 100% 798% 90% 11 80% 5,5 3196% 70% 6,9 38 60%94% 50%92% 40% 93,9 30% 6090% 92,1 20% 46 10%88% 0% <50 50-100 >100 <300 CS 300-400 400-500 >500 * Values are in 1,000 UFC/mlData from one dairy processor, involving 70% of the producers in Uruguay 11
  44. 44. CHILE • Milk production in Chile is mainly located in the central, central-south and south part of the country. • Dairy operations with year- round and seasonal confinement are usually found in the central and central-south zones. • Grazing systems are common in the south zone.
  45. 45. • International milk price influenced the pace of growth of milk production in Chile. With a +1% growth trend since 2006.• Chilean average per capita annual milk consumption between 115 and 132 L during the last 20 years, with a record consumption of 145 L for 2012.• Herd productivity in Chile has doubled during the last 8 years.• The number of dairy operations and total number of milk cows have decreased.
  46. 46. • A national strategic plan to support competitiveness and milk quality of the dairy industry was created in 2004 with the Chilean Dairy Consortium (Consorcio Lechero) formed by producers, processors, and research institutions.• Average SCC in dairy herds, however, have remained around 300,000 cell./mL during the last 10 years.
  47. 47. Pathogens associated to intramammary infections in Chilean dairy herds• Streptococcus agalactiae prevalences are reported to be less than 1% among herds.• Staphylococcus aureus has remained the main pathogen isolated from milk samples during the last 50 years.• Historical reports from both the central and central-south zones Chile, shown an undulating pattern, ranging between 12 to 50% of culture-positive samples.• For the south zone reports of Staph. aureus show a slightly increasing trend with current values around 40% of the culture-positive milk samples
  48. 48. Pathogens associated to intramammary infections in Chilean dairy herds• Mycoplasma spp. Prevalence of 7% Mycoplasma-positive bulk tank milk (BTM) samples was reported in Chile.• However the presence of Mycoplasma in BTM, and Mycoplasma IMI within and between Chilean dairy herds is mostly unknown.• Escherichia coli reported between 4% and 40% of the culture-positive milk samples for the south and central zones of Chile, respectively.
  49. 49. 1st RELIM Annual Meeting March 21-22, 2013 Manizales, Colombia Visit us online at: www.relim.org
  50. 50. Milk Quality Around the World Recent Data from Germany Christian Baumgartner NMC 52nd Annual Meeting San Diego, CA, USA
  51. 51. Where is Germany?www.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 2
  52. 52. 14.2 mio samples/year 90 mio single analytical resultswww.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 3
  53. 53. Some background figures… 2011 2012 Germany Bavaria Milk Production 29.7 mio tons 27% 8.0 mio tons Dairy Farms 84,504 46% 38,958 Cows 4.2 mio 28.6% 1.2 mio Herd Size 50 cows (63/165) 32 cowswww.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 4
  54. 54. regional differences in breeds! 89.9 % 84,2 % extra class (<300,000) Milk Quality – Recentof farmers being 1.7 % 0.7 % Data penalized for exceeding 400,000 (3 months` geom. mean) 2012 Germany Bavaria 207,000 SCC 171,000 (5.8 mio samples) 17,000 TBC 17,000 (2.5 mio samples) Inhibitors 0.052 % 0.028 % 91.8 % extra class (<50,000) (positives ex-farm) (3.8 mio samples) Freezing Point 1.2 % 1.2 % of farmers being 0.82 % penalized for exceeding (>0.515 °C) (4.0 mio samples) 100,000 (2 months` geom. mean)www.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 5
  55. 55. SCC and Inhibitor Positives 1 relative risk of a positive 6.4 Inhibitor positives (% of farms/month) 0.83 0,8 3.3 0,6 0,4 1.5 0.43 1.0 0,2 0.19 0.13 0 < 125 < 250 < 500 > 500 SCC categories (1,000/mL)www.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 6
  56. 56. SCC in robotic milking systems 220 SCC /mL x 1,000 200 180 160 140 120 100 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec SCC robots (923) 182 188 178 178 185 196 210 211 207 192 185 181 SCC reference (2,079) 172 172 171 170 177 184 193 191 191 182 177 176 SCC Bavaria (37,306) 162 161 160 161 170 177 187 185 184 174 168 167www.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 7
  57. 57. Current Milk Quality „Issues“ • Milk quality is on a very high level in Germany! • Attention is paid to – Use of antibiotics | avoiding residues in milk  political discussion about resistant strains of different germs – Residues of cleaners | disinfectants  especially quarternary ammonium compounds and chlorine compounds – Pathogenes • Evolving topic  tuberculosis, sporadic but „hot spots“ with high level of public attentionwww.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 8
  58. 58. Visit us! www.mpr-bayern.dewww.mpr-bayern.de January 29, 2013 – slide 9
  59. 59. New ZealandSCC
  60. 60. NZ dairy industry changes Milk No. of cows No. of herds Av. herd processed (M) size (BL)2005/06 3.83 322 14.72006/07 3.92 337 15.12007/08 4.02 351 14.72008/09 4.25 366 16.02009/10 4.40 376 16.52010/11 4.53 386 17.32011/12 4.64 393 19.1
  61. 61. Progress - June 2008 – Jan 2013300275 LIC 253250 Fonterra 232225 200,000 cells/ml 223200 187175150125100
  62. 62. Fonterra – monthly data since June 2008 300 275 250 225 200 2008/09 175 2009/10 150 2010/11 2011/12 125 2012/13 100
  63. 63. Fonterra average cell count, cells/ml350,000300,000 2003/04250,000 2004/05 2005/06200,000 2006/07 2007/08150,000 2008/09 2009/10100,000 2010/11 2011/12 50,000 0 Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May YTD
  64. 64. Milk Quality in the United StatesJason Lombard, Christine Kopral, Judy Rodriguez USDA:APHIS:VS,Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health Safeguarding Animal Health
  65. 65. U.S. Dairy Industry• Demographics  ~60,000 herds  9.2 M cattle  Primarily Holstein  ~122 cows/herd  9,700 kg milk/lactation  BTSCC limit– 750,000 cells/mL Safeguarding Animal Health
  66. 66. 4.6% ops / 36.9% cows32.6% ops / 56.4% cows 9.9% ops 4.8% cows49.2% ops / 18.3% cows 3.4% ops / 1.6% cows Safeguarding Animal Health 3
  67. 67. 39.5% ops / 78.2% cows 60.3% ops / 21.8% cows Safeguarding Animal Health 4
  68. 68. ` Safeguarding Animal Health 5
  69. 69. Milk-weighted and Producer BTSCCs 1997-2012* 340 332 320 322 320 313 318 313 BTSCC Milk wgt. 312 BTSCC producer 296 298 296 298 300 295 293 295 290 293 293 294BTSCC (X1,000) 282 277 280 272 263 258 260 260 249 247 240 235 235 227 224 220 206 197 200 180 Safeguarding Animal Health
  70. 70. Milk-Weighted BTSCCs by Year and Month 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 325 300 275BTSCC (X1,000) 250 225 200 175 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Safeguarding Animal Health
  71. 71. Percentage of Producers, Shipments, and Milk with BTSCC <400K 100 90 80 70 60 Percent 50 40 30 20 10 0 Producers Shipments Milk Safeguarding Animal Health
  72. 72. Antibiotic Residues in Milk (~4 million samples/yr) 0.18% 0.16% FDA/CFSAN Data 0.14%Percent Positive 0.12% 0.10% 0.08% 0.06% 0.04% 0.02% 0.00% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Tanker Pasteurized Products Producer Other Safeguarding Animal Health
  73. 73. EU Influence• Export of dairy products to EU  Since 2004, pooled milk tested  EU audit performed in 2009  Pooled milk no longer acceptable – individual farm  3-month GM of 400,000 cells/mL requirement  NCIMS rejected proposals to lower limit  Enforced January 1, 2012 Safeguarding Animal Health
  74. 74. EU Influence• FDA Milk Sampling Program  Underway – projected for 1 year  Targets 900 farms with tissue residues and 2,000 without tissue residues.  Evaluates for ~30 antimicrobials and anti- inflammatories.  FDA blind to where the samples originated Safeguarding Animal Health
  75. 75. Residues• Antimicrobials • NSAIDs  Chlorphenicol • Anthelmintics  Nitroimidazoles • Other  Nitrofurans  Carbamates  Sulfonamides  Pyrethroids  Fluoroquinolones  Organochlorine  Beta lactams compounds  Tetracyclines  PCBs  Macrolides/tulathromycin  Organophosphorus  Ionophores compounds• Mycotoxins  Dioxins  PBDEs Safeguarding Animal Health
  76. 76. Summary• Overall average BTSCCs from the four monitored FMOs declined during 10 of the past 11 years.• BTSCCs peak in July and August and are lowest during winter and spring months.• Since 2001, overall BTSCC have decreased ~35%.• BTSCC in 2012 will be the lowest of all years monitored.• EU and FDA are pushing producers and increasing the quality of the U.S. milk supply. Safeguarding Animal Health
  77. 77. Milk Quality Report CANADAGreg Keefe1 and Dave Kelton2 1Atlantic Veterinary College University of Prince Edward Island 2Ontario Veterinary College University of Guelph
  78. 78. Symbols of Canada Dairy Supply Management
  79. 79. From Canadian Dairy Information Centrewww.dairyinfo.gc.ca
  80. 80. Just the facts Total Total Average Average Total milk Herds cows Herd production production (’000s) Size per cow (L) (’000 HL)2012 12,529 959.1 76.62011 12,746 965.6 75.8 9,774 77,7712010 12,965 966.2 74.5 9,768 76,7322009 13,214 965.6 73.1 9,592 76,6282008 13,587 984.7 72.5 9,642 75,926Approx. 94% of cows are Holstein, 3% Jersey and 2% Ayrshire
  81. 81. Bacteria Count (12 month average) IBC CFU Year Herds Herds arithmetic arithmeticAug 1 to Jul 31 IBC1 CFU1 mean mean 2011-2012 11,866 30,425 664 8,997 2010-2011 12,049 32,876 691 9,006 2009-2010 12,280 35,729 899 10,789 2008-2009 11,423 36,175 1488 9,811 1Some provinces used individual bacteria count (IBC) based testing and others used culture-based colony forming unit (CFU) counts based testing
  82. 82. Somatic Cell Count (12 month average) BTSCC Year Herds Shipments arithmetic Median Aug 1 to Jul 31 mean1 2011-2012 12,530 239,556 NA2 2010-2011 12,930 Typically 247,781 NA every other 2009-2010 13,179 day pick up 250,458 NA 2008-2009 13,549 247,285 NA1Provincial arithmetic means weighted by provincial herd numbers2Medians not available because only provincial summary data published
  83. 83. Then it got interestingPenalty level: Before Aug 1, 2012 = 500,000; After Aug 1, 2012 = 400,000 350,000 2011 2012 330,000 310,000 British Columbia 290,000 Alberta 270,000 Manitoba 250,000 Ontario 230,000 Quebec 210,000 New Brunswick Nova Scotia 190,000 Prince Edward Island 170,000 150,000 Oct Oct Nov Nov Feb Mar Apr May Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Sep Jun Jul Sep Jan Aug Dec Jan Aug Dec
  84. 84. Weighted CANADA BTSCC280,000.00270,000.00260,000.00250,000.00240,000.00 Weighted CANADA230,000.00220,000.00 2011 2012210,000.00200,000.00 Oct Oct Nov Nov Feb Mar Apr May Feb Mar Jun Jul Apr May Sep Jun Jul Sep Jan Aug Dec Jan Aug
  85. 85. Distribution of ON SCC Test Distribution of PEI SCC Test Results by Range Results by Range 40 40Percent of Herds in Range Percent of Herds in Range 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 <151 151-225 226-299 300-399 400-499 >499 <151 151-225 226-299 300-399 400-499 >499 SCC Ranges (x 1,000 cells / ml) SCC Ranges (x 1,000 cells / ml) Nov-11 Nov-12 Nov-11 Nov-12
  86. 86. Other milk quality issues• Adulterants – Inhibitor and added water testing under provincial regulation• Organisms – Varies between provinces – LPC, PI and CC counts – Mastitis pathogen PCR testing• Raw Milk – Sale prohibited by federal law
  87. 87. Initiatives• Dairy Farmers of Canada promoted a reduction in BTSCC limit to 400,000• Adopted for August 1, 2012 by all 10 provinces• Education programs• Regulatory reform
  88. 88. Education
  89. 89. Regulatory reformSomatic Cell Count Bacteria counts• Weekly sample for • Weekly sample monthly geomean • 2 samples in a row• Monthly geomean = infraction for rolling 3 month • No single test used• Penalties (year) in 2 infractions – 1ST infraction $5/hL • Same penalties as – 2nd $10/hL SCC – 3rd $15/hl + board – Additional $3 level review in year 1 – 4th $20/hL/ + shutoff
  90. 90. Is it working? SCC Results - 24 Month Comparison of Weighted Tests for All Ontario Producers Last Year This Year 320SCC Test Results (x1,000 270 cells/ml) 220 170 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Month of Year SCC Results -Comparison of Tests for All Prince Edward Island Producers Last Year This Year 320 SCC Test Results (x1,000 270 cells/ml) 220 170 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Month of Year
  91. 91. Thank you
  92. 92. GB Milk qualityJanuary 2013Elizabeth Berry
  93. 93. DairyCo• Levy body for GB Dairy Farmers• Levy 0.2% milk price• Address market failure• R&D, Market Intelligence and Knowledge Transfer
  94. 94. Facts and Figures• Approximately 11,500 herds• 1.8 million cows in GB - 2 million in UK• Average herd size around 116• Approximately 10% decrease in production across UK in 2012.
  95. 95. Cow systems Grazing to IndoorsIllegal to use manure ordigestate in any form asbedding material
  96. 96. Milestones for delivery Decrease in 2012 Wet weather – poor forage Schmallenberg virus GB Daily Milk Deliveries 36,000,000 Litres / Day 34,000,000 32,000,000 30,000,000 28,000,000 26,000,000 24,000,000 18-Nov 20-Jan 01-Apr 22-Apr 16-Sep 09-Dec 30-Dec 10-Feb 13-May 05-Aug 26-Aug 02-Mar 23-Mar 03-Jun 24-Jun 15-Jul 07-Oct 28-Oct GB Milk Deliveries 2011/12 GB Milk Deliveries 2012/13
  97. 97. EU hygiene regulations 853/2004All milk – liquid or cheese or productsCell Count Bactoscan /Bacteria countThree month geometric mean Two month geometric mean<400,000 cells/ml <100 ,000 cfuMinimum 1 sample per month Minimum 2 samples per monthUK 12 to 13 samples per result UK 8 to 9 samples per result
  98. 98. GB Milk Quality System• Over 95% of milk goes off farm• Liquid and cheese contracts• Three laboratories - milk quality testing• Ring or proficiency trial testing organised by DairyCo
  99. 99. Cell count in 000/ml 210 205 200 195 2009 190 185 2010 180 175 2011 170 165 2012 160 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average
  100. 100. Bactoscan40353025 200920 2010 2011 20121510 5 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average
  101. 101. Average cell count and bactoscan 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Cell count 187 187 193 196 195 197 194 192 192 188Bactoscan 32 33 33 31 32 31 29 30 30 30
  102. 102. 6-8 July 2015Glasgow, Scotland

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