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Quality Counts/ Livestock Education/ 5 Activities

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Quality Counts/ Livestock Education/ 5 Activities

  1. 1. A Texas Curriculum for Livestock Educationhttp://qualitycounts.tamu.edu/
  2. 2. HOWDY!!! • Introduction
  3. 3. Curriculum Focus Quality AssuranceQuality Assurance Character EducationCharacter Education
  4. 4. Objective 1 • Ensure all 4-H and FFA livestock projects meet all food quality standards
  5. 5. Objective 2 • Enhance character education for Texas 4-H and FFA Youth
  6. 6. Objective 3 • Promote a Positive Image of Youth Livestock Programs
  7. 7. ACTIVITY 1
  8. 8. • Slumber • Bed • Blanket • Snore • Snooze • Shut Eye • Zonked • Pillow • Sheets • Tired • Dream • Nightmare • Comforter • Nap
  9. 9. How many of you wrote down slumber?
  10. 10. • Slumber
  11. 11. How many of you wrote down nap?
  12. 12. • Nap
  13. 13. How many of you wrote down sleep?
  14. 14. • Slumber • Bed • Blanket • Snore • Snooze • Shut Eye • Zonked • Pillow • Sheets • Tired • Dream • Nightmare • Comforter • Nap
  15. 15. This is an exercise in perception • Everything indicated “sleep” but sleep is not here. • Character is always there!!! In law a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so. -- Immanuel Kant
  16. 16. Character is like a tree and reputation like its shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing. Abraham Lincoln
  17. 17. The Six Pillars • Trustworthiness • Respect • Responsibility • Fairness • Caring • Citizenship
  18. 18. Trustworthiness • Be honest • Don’t deceive, cheat or steal • Be reliable • Do what you say you will do • Have the courage to do the right thing • Build a good reputation • Be loyal • Stand by your family, friends and country
  19. 19. Respect • Treat others with respect • Follow the Golden Rule • Be tolerant to differences • Use good manners, not bad language • Be considerate of the feelings of others • Don't threaten, hit or hurt anyone • Deal peacefully with anger, insults and disagreements
  20. 20. • Do what you are supposed to do • Persevere: Keep trying! • Always do your best • Use self control: be disciplined • Think before you act • Consider the consequences • Be accountable for your choices Responsibility
  21. 21. • Play by the rules • Take turns and share • Be open minded • Listen to others • Don't take advantage of others • Don't blame others carelessly Fairness
  22. 22. • Be kind • Be compassionate and show you care • Express gratitude • Forgive others • Help people in need Caring
  23. 23. • Do your share to make your school and community better • Cooperate • Stay informed; vote • Be a good neighbor • Obey laws and rules • Respect authority • Protect the environment Citizenship
  24. 24. START COUNTING!!!
  25. 25. Our Role in Food Supply Continuum Food Supply ContinuumFood Supply Continuum ConsumerConsumer FoodFood ServiceService Retail/Retail/ DistributionDistribution ProcessingProcessing HarvestingHarvesting MarketingMarketing TransportationTransportation ProducerProducer AttitudeAttitude From: NPPC, Youth PQA; 2000 Responsibility
  26. 26. • ALL producers are affected by negative publicity concerning our food supply • Product safety can be compromised at any time in the food supply continuum Responsibility Citizenship Our Role in Food Supply Continuum
  27. 27. Our Role in Food Supply Continuum • Past failures in food safety process – Recalls, scares, contamination • Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plans and monitoring now required by every packing plant, regardless of size - PREVENTION Responsibility Citizenship Trustworthiness
  28. 28. Our Role in Food Supply Continuum • Role of producer in providing packer with safe product – “On-farm HACCP” – Certain hazards occur before product reaches packer – Notify packer of potential hazards • Importance of record keeping – Medication use and storage Responsibility Citizenship Trustworthiness
  29. 29. ACTIVITY 2 Group Sit
  30. 30. Identify Potential Hazards in Meat Products • Three types of hazards: – Microbial • E. coli, salmonella – Chemical • Antibiotic residue – Physical • Broken needle Caring Responsibility Citizenship Trustworthiness
  31. 31. Prevent Potential Hazards in Meat Products QUESTIONS: • What could potentially happen if a person extremely allergic to penicillin (or ibuprofen) ate meat with such a residue? • What would happen if a consumer bit into a portion of a broken needle?
  32. 32. ACTIVITY 3 Banana Injection
  33. 33. Prevent Potential Hazards in Meat Products Subcutaneous Injection Citizenship
  34. 34. Prevent Potential Hazards in Meat Products Intramuscular injection Citizenshi p
  35. 35. Prevent Potential Hazards in Meat Products Responsibility Citizenship
  36. 36. Appropriate Animal Facilities - HOUSING • Impact of decisions on the general welfare of the animal Caring Respect
  37. 37. Appropriate Animal Facilities - HANDLING • Always handle animals calmly and gently • Provide water immediately after transport (and during if possible) • Provide shade while transporting Caring Respect
  38. 38. Appropriate Animal Facilities - HANDLING • Handle animals while temperatures are optimum Caring Wet shavings Keep trailer moving to provide air flow Straw bedding Prevent drafts Respect
  39. 39. Appropriate Animal Facilities - HANDLING • Never use electric prods, buzzers or slappers to handle animals • Use proper equipment (i.e. sorting panels for hogs) when handling, loading and transporting animals • Train animals to load ahead of time Caring Respect
  40. 40. Appropriate Animal Facilities - HANDLING • Proper handling, including during loading and transport, should be exhibited at all times  Avoid distractions, such as shadows  Always move animals in a calm, slow manner  Keep your temper! From: Dr. Temple Grandin, CSU Caring Respect
  41. 41. ACTIVITY 4 Maze Craze
  42. 42. Animal Well-being • Nutrition and feeding – Meeting animal’s requirements – Management to reach optimum weight, not “feed and then withhold right before show” • Importance of a clean, fresh water supply at all times Responsibility Caring Citizenship
  43. 43. Evaluate Herd Health • Animals should be observed daily for signs of illness • If an illness or injury occurs, animal should be treated promptly and correctly, following label directions and may need the care or advice of a veterinarian Responsibility CitizenshipCarin g
  44. 44. Evaluate Herd Health • Many producers have strict biosecurity practices on their operations – Prevent spread of potential disease – Be aware of, and observe these practices when visiting farms • Youth may want to consider adopting some simple biosecurity measures on their operation Responsibility CitizenshipCaring
  45. 45. The Impact of 4-H and FFA Projects • Reveal impact of 76,000 market projects
  46. 46. ACTIVITY 4 – What’s under that hide? Orange and Tin Foil
  47. 47. How many pounds of carcass are there? • Terms & Calculations: (1) Live Weight, (2) Dressing Percent, and (3) Carcass Weight Citizenship
  48. 48. Total Entry Numbers Market Swine: 32,617 Meat Goats: 23,821 Market Lamb: 11,349 Market Steers: 8,438 TOTAL: 76,225 Responsibility
  49. 49. What is Dressing Percentage? • Dressing Percentage = The percentage of the live animal that ends up as carcass (Carcass Weight / Live Weight X 100) – Pork: 73% – Market Lambs: 53% (shorn) – Meat Goats: 55% – Beef Cattle: 62% Responsibility
  50. 50. Dressing Percentage is Affected by: • Gut fill – The more gut fill at the time the live weight is taken, the lower the dressing percentage will be. • Muscling – A heavier muscled animal will have a higher dressing percentage than a light muscled animal. • Fatness – A fatter animal will have a higher dressing percentage than a lean animal. • Mud – Cattle with a lot of mud attached to their hide will have a lower dressing percentage than clean cattle. • Wool – Lambs with long wool will have a lower dressing percentage than recently-shorn lambs • Skin – In market swine, the skin is left on. • Stomach Type – Market swine are monogastics, cattle, sheep and goats are ruminants. Citizenship
  51. 51. PORK Ave Wt. – 240 D. P. - 73% 5,714,498.4 lb Responsibility
  52. 52. SHEEP Ave Wt. – 125 D. P. - 53% 751,871.25 lb Responsibility
  53. 53. GOATS Ave Wt. – 110 D. P. - 55% 1,441,170.5 lb Responsibility
  54. 54. BEEF Ave Wt. – 1200 D. P. - 62% 6,227,872.0 lb Responsibility
  55. 55. Grand Total: 14,185,412.15 pounds of carcass!!!!!!
  56. 56. What does this mean? • Livestock projects can IMPACT thousands of people!!! • Think about the CONSUMER!!!! • You never know who they might be……..
  57. 57. ACTIVITY 5 Mrozinski story
  58. 58. “It’s OK, kid, everybody does it!”
  59. 59. What about Fairness? • Fairness is tied to the other pillars • Showing the right way • Helping others • Being a team player • Sportsmanship Fairness
  60. 60. Eight Core Concepts Character Education • Six Pillars of Character • Purpose of 4-H/FFA • Purpose of Livestock Projects • Making Decisions/Goal Setting Quality Assurance • Impact of Livestock Projects on Red Meat Industry • Responsibilities of Producing a Safe Product • Medication use/Reading and Following Labels • Animal Care and Well- Being
  61. 61. In closing………
  62. 62. The Future of the Youth Livestock Show Program Depends on Us!
  63. 63. Thank You!

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