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Sustainable Engineering - Practical Studies for Building a Sustainable Society

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Sustainable Engineering - Practical Studies for Building a Sustainable Society presented by Dr. Narito Shibaike - Tokyo University of Technology. How to create a new way of engineering that harmonizes with benefiting humanity, socioeconomic, development and environmental conservation.

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Sustainable Engineering - Practical Studies for Building a Sustainable Society

  1. 1. Copyright 2015 QuEST Forum. All Rights Reserved. 1 Sustainable Engineering Practical Studies for Building a Sustainable Society Narito Shibaike 15 April, 2015
  2. 2. New School Establishment • Tokyo University of Technology has established a School of Engineering – incorporating “Sustainable Engineering” as the practical studies for building a sustainable society – comprising three departments of Mechanical Engineering, Electric and Electronic Engineering, and Applied Chemistry 2
  3. 3. Function of the School • Equipping students with the capability to put their knowledge and technology of “Sustainable Engineering” to practical use – with enhancing practical skill through unique cooperative education, thereby boosting employability, and – with helping to build a workforce of educated engineers equipped with an international mindset 3
  4. 4. Sustainable Development 4 • “Sustainable Development” is a world common principle – Proposal of Brundtland Commission’s report “Our Common Future” (1987) – Definition: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs – The words are simple, but not easy to understand exactly…
  5. 5. Sustainable Society 5 • Sustainable society is a possible vision toward “Sustainable Development” – providing three significant points of view; Planet, People and Prosperity (3Ps) • The three Ps are essential criteria in sustainable management – imposing ecological perspectives on conventional development strategy of engineering technologies
  6. 6. Vision for Sustainable Development 6 Environmental System Climate change, Ecology, Natural resources, Energy, etc. Human System Safety and security, Education, Health, Lifestyle, etc. Societal System Politics, Economy, Institution, Industry, Technology, etc. Sustainable Development Sustainable Society Planet Prosperity People Sustainable Society Harmonization with Environment Revitalization of Economy Improvement of Quality of Life
  7. 7. Three Points of View 7 • Planet: ecosystems, natural resources and biodiversity – taking environmental considerations such as minimum energy consumption, resources recycling and environment protection • People: health, education and happiness – improving the quality of human life • Prosperity: financial wealth, institutions and built environment – encouraging the vitality of societal economy
  8. 8. Critical Actions in Sustainable Society 8 • Sustainable Production – Prosperity vs. Planet – Increase of environmental performance – Industry and manufacturer’s responsibility – Need for development of eco-efficiency index • Sustainable Consumption – People vs. Planet – Not decrease of product value – Consumer’s choice and further requirement – Need for evaluation of social acceptancy
  9. 9. Life Cycle Thinking 9 • Take account of impacts and effects of products through “cradle to grave” • Impacts to Planet – Energy and resource consumption (input) – Emissions to the environment (output) • Effects to People – Human life quality • Effects to Prosperity – Economic dynamism Product Life Cycle
  10. 10. Eco-Design Process through LCT 10 • Life cycle thinking is a basic concept for environmentally conscious design Management Commitment / Policy Analysis of Stakeholder / Regulatory Requirements Design & Development Review, Continual Improvement Communication/InformationManagement Analysis& EvaluationTools Life Cycle Thinking Identification & Evaluation of Environmental Aspects ECDProcesselements Plan Do Check & Act Foundation Quality/Environmental Management System Management Commitment / PolicyManagement Commitment / Policy Analysis of Stakeholder / Regulatory Requirements Design & Development Review, Continual Improvement Communication/InformationManagement Analysis& EvaluationTools Life Cycle ThinkingLife Cycle Thinking Identification & Evaluation of Environmental Aspects ECDProcesselements Plan Do Check & Act Foundation Quality/Environmental Management SystemQuality/Environmental Management System Overview of ECD process (IEC62430)
  11. 11. Life Cycle Assessment 11 • LCA is the most popular management tool for environmental issues – ISO14040 series are treating the LCA, and ISO14040 and 14044 are the core standards for everyone to carry out the study – ISO14040 describes the principles and framework of LCA, and the framework includes definition of the goal and scope, life cycle inventory analysis, life cycle impact assessment and interpretation
  12. 12. Four Phases of LCA Study 12 • Four phases are prescribed by ISO14040 Impact Assessment Inventory Analysis Life Cycle Assessment Framework Interpretation Goal and scope definition Direct Application - Product development and improvement - Strategic planning - Public policy making - Marketing - Others Critical Review
  13. 13. Life Cycle CO2 Emission 13 • Environmental impact of product is subject to its entire life cycle
  14. 14. Measurement of Sustainability • Candidate indicators on Planet – Life cycle impact assessment, Ecological footprint, Eco-indicator, LIME, etc. • Candidate indicators on People – Functional performance, Life cycle value assessment, Human development index, Quality function development, etc. • Candidate indicators on Prosperity – Life cycle costing, Gross domestic product, Consumer price index, etc. 14
  15. 15. Eco-Efficiency • Definition – Aspect of sustainability relating the environmental performance of a product to its product value (from ISO14045) • Quantification of Eco-Efficiency • Expansion to sustainability – Assess the value of product and technology – Integrate three points of view 15 Eco-Efficiency of Product Product Value (Consumer’s Benefit) = Environmental Impact through Entire Life Cycle of Product
  16. 16. Product Value • Definition – Worth or desirability ascribed to a product • Note: The product value may encompass different value aspects, including functional, monetary, aesthetic, etc. • Functional value – Tangible and measurable benefit to the user and other stakeholders – Numerical quantity representing functional performance or desirability of a product 16
  17. 17. Cooperative Education • The school also offers unique opportunities of industry and university cooperative education – in accordance with pursuing “Sustainable Engineering” • All students spend about eight weeks on an internship – to reinforce the knowledge and skills learned in class and identify remaining challenges through on-the-job training 17
  18. 18. Curriculum of the School 18 • Curriculum of the School of Engineering is organized systematically – by adding both “Sustainable Engineering” and “Cooperative Education” on conventional course 1st year 2nd – 3rd year 4th year Cooperative Education Sustainable Engineering Conventional Engineering Curriculum Graduate Research Entry Seminar
  19. 19. Education Program for ME • “Sustainable Engineering” and “Cooperative Education” are interactively well-tailored
  20. 20. Education Program for EE/AC • Project based learning is carried out with all the students from three departments together CO First Year Second Year Third Year SE Project Based Learning LCA Basic Study On The Job Practice II Practice III Practice I
  21. 21. Research Fields of the School 21 Environmental Preservation and Quality Improvement Technologies Intelligent Information Processing and Communication Technologies Human Assist and Life Support Technologies Renewable Energy and Low Carbon Technologies Resources Conservation and Recycling Technologies Sustainable Assessment and Design Technologies Sustainable Society Planet Prosperity People Sustainable Society
  22. 22. The Future • The goal of the school is creating a new way of engineering that harmonizes with – benefit of humanity, – socioeconomic development and – environmental conservation, and raising engineers to practice it !! 22

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