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College Retention Rate Research

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College Retention Rate Research

  1. 1. RETENTION RATE OF LATINO COLLEGE STUDENTS JULY 5TH, 2016
  2. 2. Hispanics have the highest high school drop-out rate (6.0%), compared to the non-Hispanic white counterparts of 3.3%. Even worse, the foreign born Hispanic drop-out rate compared to the U.S. born drop-out rate is 11.2% and 4.9%, respectively. (ages 16-19) 3.3% 6.0% 4.9% 11.2% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% non-Hispanic White Hispanic U.S. born Hispanic Foreign Born Hispanic High School Drop-out Rate Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2014 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)
  3. 3. Percentage of Population 25 years and older with a bachelor’s degree Native Hispanic 20% Foreign Hispanic 12% Native White 48% Foreign White 36% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2015 Current Population Survey.
  4. 4. HIGHEST LEVEL OF EDUCATION ATTAINED AMONG ADULTS IN THE UNITED STATES (AGED 25 TO 64) 42% 25% 52% 14% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Non-Hispanic White Hispanic Adults With an Associate Degree or Higher U.S. Born Immigrant 7% 20% 10% 50% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Non-Hispanic White Hispanic Adults Without a High School Credential Native Immigrant
  5. 5. WHY HISPANIC IMMIGRANTS HAVE SUCH LOW EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Low income 63% of Hispanic foreign-born families are low-income, compared to 46% of native- born families Parent Educational Levels 35% (19.4 million) Latinos in the U.S. are immigrants and only 17% of foreign born Latinos are college-educated.
  6. 6. TRANSFER STUDENT DEGREE EXPECTANCY Six-year outcomes for students who started at a 2-year public institution Completed at different 4- year institution 96,376 9.8% Completed at different 2- year institution 31,470 3.2% Total = 983,433
  7. 7. COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE Programs like First Generation Foundation and I’m First cater to first- generation students, nearly a quarter of which are Hispanic, and Avanzando will best cater to these students by using people related to this audience Many programs focus on mentorship and career opportunities, but it is also important to remember cultural competency, which Avanzando provides because it is essential that we teach students how to interact with others from different backgrounds whether it be in a college setting or beyond.
  8. 8. HOW TO HELP TRANSFER STUDENTS Before they transfer After they have transferred • Search for the most transfer-friendly schools • Understand what each school needs from transfer students • Know how your credits will transfer • Better academic preparation • Emphasize importance of campus involvement and academic success • Encourage on-campus housing • Connect with people from similar backgrounds for familiarity
  9. 9. COSTS OF DROPPING OUT • Students with only a high school diploma have an annual income of $32,900 compared to the $45,000 annual income for someone with a bachelor’s degree. • The unemployment rate among those began college but didn’t finish is 11% compared to 4.1% for those with a B.A. • Students with some college but no degree default on their student loans at a rate of 16.8% while those with a B.A. default at 3.7%.
  10. 10. STUDENT LOANS There are more students borrowing than not, with 65.6% borrowing an average amount of $24,842. Out of all Hispanic college students, 66.8% borrow an average of $22,692. Out of all borrowers, 30% drop out of college, and 31% of Latino borrowers drop out of school.

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