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Industrial Standards Qrce


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Industrial Standards Training

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Industrial Standards Qrce

  1. 1. Eng. Ruba Malkawi ESCAD – RSS September 2008
  2. 2. Industrial Standards <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Standards. </li></ul><ul><li>The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Standards. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>What is a Standard? </li></ul><ul><li>Document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context. </li></ul><ul><li>[ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004, definition 3.2] </li></ul><ul><li>Simply it is an agreed, repeatable way of doing something. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is a Standard? </li></ul><ul><li>Standards are created by bringing together the experience and expertise of all interested parties such as the producers, sellers, buyers, users and regulators of a particular material, product, process or service . </li></ul><ul><li>Standards are designed for voluntary use and do not impose any regulations. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and regulations may refer to certain standards and make compliance with them compulsory . </li></ul>Introduction to Standards
  5. 5. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Basic types of Standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Product Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Process Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Management System Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Certification Standards </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Basic Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Primary or fundamental standards for weights and measures ( legal metrology ) . </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve equity between buyers and sellers in the marketplace . </li></ul>OIML: International Organization of Legal Metrology
  7. 7. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Product Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Standards for the physical, chemical, electrical and mechanical characteristics of products and materials . </li></ul><ul><li>Establish conformity and interoperability by defining dimensions and qualities such as shape, volume, speed, etc . </li></ul><ul><li>Can be classified as either defining performance criteria or design criteria. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Specify the design or technical characteristics of a product in terms of how it is to be constructed. </li></ul>ANSI/TPI 1-2002, Standard for Design of Metal-Plate-Connected Wood Truss Construction
  9. 9. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Process Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with the series of actions or operations used in making a product and provide the methodology to perform these processes in a consistent and reproducible way . </li></ul>API 1104, Standard for Welding of Pipelines
  10. 10. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Specification </li></ul><ul><li>A set of conditions and requirements of precise and limited application that provide a detailed description of a procedure, process, material, product, or service for use primarily in procurement and manufacturing . </li></ul><ul><li>Standards may be referenced or included in specifications . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of mandatory standards that have been codified by government authorities and become law . </li></ul>Jordan National Building Council
  12. 12. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Management System Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Specify requirements that can be applied to any organization, regardless of the product it makes or the service it performs . </li></ul><ul><li>The ISO 9000 series for managing quality systems. </li></ul><ul><li>The ISO 14000 series for environmental management systems. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Personnel Certification Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Help to verify that individuals have the necessary knowledge, skills and abilities to perform their work . </li></ul>ISO 9712 Certification of Persons - NDT
  14. 14. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Standards can be classified by their origin or where they were developed: </li></ul><ul><li>Company standards </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Standards: Trade associations and </li></ul><ul><li>professional societies </li></ul><ul><li>Government (Mandatory Standards) </li></ul><ul><li>Consortia </li></ul>
  15. 15. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>In addition, standards can be classified by their scope : </li></ul><ul><li>National (Jordanian Standards JS) </li></ul><ul><li>Regional (European Committee for Standardization CEN) </li></ul><ul><li>International (International Organization for Standardization (ISO) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>The life cycle of Standard: </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of the needs of the partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Collective programming. </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing up of the draft standard by parties of interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus. </li></ul><ul><li>Validation. </li></ul><ul><li>Approval. </li></ul><ul><li>Review. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Standards are used in almost every aspect of life Agriculture Energy Building & Construction Food management ICT Quality Nanotechnology Fire Transport Security Health & Safety Environment Healthcare Manufacturing
  18. 18. Introduction to Standards Standardization Bodies
  19. 19. Introduction to Standards Identification of Standards <ul><li>BS 1363-5:2008 13 A plugs, socket-outlets, adaptors and connection units. Specification for fused conversion plugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the Standardization Body. </li></ul><ul><li>Unique number. </li></ul><ul><li>Year of issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of the Standard. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>The Evolution of Standard: </li></ul><ul><li>Standards are dynamic . </li></ul><ul><li>They are often developed for use by one group, and then used by other communities, either by: </li></ul><ul><li>adoption, </li></ul><ul><li>ratification, </li></ul><ul><li>or reference, </li></ul><ul><li>or by incorporation into other standards . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Introduction to Standards <ul><li>Permutations of Standards Development </li></ul><ul><li>International standards are adopted for regional use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex.: EN ISO 14630: Non-active surgical implants – General Requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional standards are adopted for national use. </li></ul><ul><li>ex.: DIN EN 60192 - Low-pressure sodium vapor lamps - Performance specifications. </li></ul><ul><li>International standards are adopted for national use. </li></ul><ul><li>ex.: API SPEC 6D - ISO 14313:1999. </li></ul><ul><li>National standards are adopted for international use. ex.: ISO/ASTM 51261-2002(E) - Standard Guide for Selection and Calibration of Dosimetry Systems for Radiation Processing </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry <ul><li>Proven Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation for growth </li></ul><ul><li>Cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Building </li></ul><ul><li>Market Access </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry <ul><li>Foundation for growth </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance to best practices . </li></ul><ul><li>Streamline internal and external operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the consistency of processes . </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Produce more for less and lower transaction costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Access the knowledge base for R&D. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce liability risks. </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry <ul><li>Promoting innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Source of knowledge for R&D. </li></ul><ul><li>Performance rather than technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting quality and product safety requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Customer satisfaction. </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry <ul><li>Brand Building </li></ul><ul><li>Through customer confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Market Access </li></ul><ul><li>Strong competitive advantage. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible, cost-effective means of complying with regulations. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Examples of Standards