In March 2014, a molecular cluster of five multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected by the Austrian National Reference Laboratory. An investigation was initiated to determine if transmission had occurred within Austria. Epidemiological links to Germany and Romania prompted a multi-national joint investigation, tracing the outbreak. The results were published by Fiebig and coworkers in 2017.
Whole genome SNP analysis allowed for high resolution clustering of isolates. Whole genome sequencing further permitted simultaneous detection of resistance-causing variants. Using an improved variant detection pipeline, we identified novel variants undetected in the original study. We used functional analysis to explore if novel variants could be associated to antimicrobial resistance.
Using the data published by Fiebig at al. in 2017, we demonstrate the use of CLC Microbial Genomics Module for tracing pathogen transmission during outbreaks and for the detection and functional analysis of resistance-causing variants. The applied user-friendly tools and preconfigured workflows ensure ease of use and reproducibility.