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Quantum computing software and hardware: the CNRS approach

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Antoine PETIT - President and CEO, CNRS, France
Discover CNRS involvement into Quantum Computing (pluri-disciplinary approach, contribution to the European Quantum Flagship and technology development in sensing & metrology, simulation, communication & cryptography). Understand the importance of the joint development of dedicated hardware and software.

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Quantum computing software and hardware: the CNRS approach

  1. 1. ORGANIZED BY The Quantum Revolution JUNE 20TH 2019 President and CEO, CNRS, France Antoine PETIT
  2. 2. 1. QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES AT CNRS 2. QUANTUM COMPUTING ANTOINE PETIT CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER JUNE 20, 2019 WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE INTRODUCTION TO THE FUTURE OF QUANTUM COMPUTING
  3. 3. WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019 P 3 1 QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES
  4. 4. CNRS FORCES PLURIDISCIPLINARITY AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL 1 QT labs, showing transverse approaches, spread over all French territory • Transverse approach : from fundamental science to engineering 6 complementary subject areas and CNRS Institutes • Strong partnership with important French players: IDEXs Uni. Paris Saclay, Uni. Grenoble Alpes, Uni. Côte d’Azur, CEA, INRIA, etc. • State-of-the-art technological platforms in nanoscience : RENATECH Nano-photonics-electronics, superconducting circuits, spintronics, etc. • National scale structuration GDR Quantum Engineering, from Fundamentals to Applications - IQFA https://gdriqfa.cnrs.fr P 4 Key Numbers 100 laboratoriess 120 research teams 1400 m.m per year 50 M€ of inputs per year Within the 4 QT pillars Several spin-offs The Institutes Physics – INP Mathematics – INSMI Systems & Engineering – INSIS Computer Science – INS2I Chemistry – INC Universe – INSU WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  5. 5. CNRS FORCES A MAJOR PLAYER WITHIN THE EUROPEAN QUANTUM FLAGSHIP 1 → Excellent research teams → Showing complementarity, competitiveness, & high technological potential P 5 Key Numbers CNRS involved in - 1/3 of the submitted projects - 13/19 of the selected projects (68%) Success rate : 24% 13 CNRS labs contribute to the 19 projects selected by the EU in October 2018 within the QFlag WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  6. 6. CNRS IS INVOLVED IN ALL QUANTUM TECHNOLOGY PILLARS 1 P 6 • Cold atoms for geoscience • Spins in diamond for magnetometry • Photonic metrology for optical material qualification • Cold atoms trapped in optical lattices • Photons in structured materials and waveguides Quantum Sensing & Metrology Quantum Simulation • Real-field quantum networks, based on fibers and/or satellites • Discrete, continuous, and hybrid variables • Single and twin-photon source, quantum memories and repeaters, detectors Quantum Communication & Cryptography WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  7. 7. 2 QUANTUM COMPUTING Software & Hardware P 7WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  8. 8. • Go beyond the limitations of classical computing • Massively parallel processing (entangled qubits registers ↦ #operations = exp(#qubits) • Open up new application areas : chemistry, material science, optimization • Success lies in the joint development of dedicated hardware and software • Find repercussion in financial markets, big data, large industries, army, and State in general… • Quantum computing is a multi-facetted technology, and of strategical importance QUANTUM COMPUTING INS & OUTS2 P 8WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  9. 9. QUANTUM COMPUTING AN EXAMPLE OF ADVANCED APPLICATION 2 P 9 • Planning & cohesion of the territories • Multi-scalar flux optimization (transport of individuals and energy, etc.) within established networks of human beings, such as Metropoles (intra & inter) • Increased meshing of service access (transport network, internet & information capabilities, etc.) ➢ Impact on transport networks (flux & access), energy (distribution & access), communication, & diffusion (technologies, education, culture) Of strategical importance for the Ministry for the Cohesion of the Territories WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  10. 10. QUANTUM COMPUTING VISION ON THE NEEDS / TIMESCALE 2 • 0 – 5 years • Protected logical qubits using error corrections or topologically • New quantum algorithms (predictive, error correction) • Influence of algorithms on hardware architectures (2D, 3D) and conversely • 5 – 10 years • Middle-size Q processors solving problems in Q chemistry (novel molecules), Material Science (high-Tc supra), and Machine Learning • Optimization of data flux (energy, individuals, smart grids, transport, etc.) • > 10 years • Integration of large-scale Q processors, including control systems • Quantum/classical advantage for complex mathematical problems (factorization) • Hardware/Software/Error Correction joint optimization (fault-tolerant) P 10 50 – 100 qubits 100 – 1000 qubits > 1000 qubits WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  11. 11. QUANTUM COMPUTING CNRS APPROACHES TO HARDWARE 2 P 11 • Spin qubits in Silicon CNRS/CEA/UGA ‘joint team’ with ERC Synergy grant • Superconducting qubits • Photonic solutions : single photons and frequency combs • … WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019 CNRS APPROACHES TO SOFTWARE • Quantum algorithms for machine learning optimization • Cryptanalysis & Q communication protocols • Quantomatic-based programming • Nonlocality- and measurement-based cloud quantum computing • …
  12. 12. QUANTUM COMPUTING INTEGRATION CHALLENGES 2 P 12 • How to scale up ? • Ability to manipulate from several to hundreds (already a challenge), even thousands of logical qubits • Integrate auxiliary qubits for error correction • Future architectures with error correcting codes • Software-to-Hardware influence ↦ substantial reduction of the necessary auxiliary qubits • Control and read-out systems of the Quantum registers • Identify suitable interfaces • Classical ↔︎ Quantum • Between the qubit carriers (spins, photons, superconducting, etc.) • End-user ↔︎ Machine • Solutions compatible with industrialization • Large scale design and fabrication quality • Political importance : national sovereignty, resource sustainability, energy consumption, etc. WORKSHOP QUANTUM COMPUTING, BPI FRANCE, JUNE 20, 2019
  13. 13. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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