Over the course of three years, we've built Stripe from scratch and scaled it to process billions of dollars of transaction volume a year by making it easy and painless for merchants to get set up and start accepting payments. While the vast majority of transactions facilitated by Stripe are honest, we do need to protect our merchants from rogue individuals and groups seeing to "test" or "cash" stolen credit cards. To combat this sort of activity, Stripe uses Python (together with Scala and Ruby) as part of its production machine learning pipeline to detect and block fraud in real time. In this talk, I'll go through the scikit-based modeling process for a sample data set that is derived from production data to illustrate how we train and validate our models. We'll also walk through how we deploy the models and monitor them in our production environment and how Python has allowed us to do this at scale.