Hamlet analysis PPT. Intrinsic

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The Analysis of extrinsic element of drama Hamlet

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Hamlet analysis PPT. Intrinsic

  1. 1. THE ANALYZE OF Analyzed by Putri Nurul Hidayati Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul ‘Ulum Jombang 2011
  2. 2. Identity of HAMLET Drama • Full tittle : The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark • Author : William Shakespeare • Type of work : Play • Genre : Tragedy • Language : English
  3. 3. Publication Written at the first part of the seventeenth century (probably in 1600 or 1601), Hamlet was first performed in July 1602. It was first published in printed form in 1603 and appeared in an enlarged edition in 1604.
  4. 4. The Tragedy of Hamlet was first performed at the Globe Theatre in England. The theater opened in 1599. It was the home for many of Shakespeare’s plays.
  5. 5. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a play, written by William Shakespeare. It is one of his best-known plays. The play is often just called Hamlet. It had been translated into Indonesia, untitled Hamlet, Pangeran Denmark by Trisno Sumardjo.
  6. 6. The main story of Hamlet is a Danish prince whose uncle murdered the prince's father, married his mother, and claimed the throne. The prince pretended to be feeble-minded to trap his uncle, then killed his uncle in revenge.
  7. 7. SETTING The story takes place in the country of Denmark (Kingdom of Denmark) in the late medieval period. Kronborg Castel, Elsinore, Denmark
  8. 8. Theme The Danish Prince’s revenge against Claudius, his uncle who killed his father, married his mother, and claimed the throne. The theme explores treachery, revenge, and moral corruption.
  9. 9. Message We should not commit a foul and evil action because it can hurt others.
  10. 10. Plot This drama is advanced or linear groove that goes continuously and peaks.
  11. 11. CHARACTER AND CHARACTERIZATION
  12. 12. Hamlet • The prince of Denmark. The son of Queen Gertrude and the late King Hamlet, the nephew of the present king, Claudius. • The protagonist character. • Hamlet is melancholy and cynical, full of hatred for his uncle's scheming and disgust for his mother's sexuality. A reflective and thoughtful young man who has studied at the University of Wittenberg, Hamlet is sometimes indecisive and hesitant, but at other times prone to impulsive acts.
  13. 13. Claudius • The King of Denmark, Hamlet's uncle and stepfather, Gertrude’s husband. • The play's antagonist character. • The villain of the play, Claudius is a calculating, ambitious politician, driven by his sexual appetites and his lust for power, but he occasionally shows signs of guilt and human feeling—his love for Gertrude, for instance, seems sincere.
  14. 14. Gertrude • The Queen of Denmark, Hamlet's mother, widow of Old Hamlet and recently married to Claudius. Gertrude loves Hamlet deeply, but she is a weak woman who seeks affection and status rather than moral rectitude or truth.
  15. 15. Polonius • He is arrogant, conniving old man. Polonius is the father of Laertes and Ophelia. • Claudius’ advisor.
  16. 16. Horatio • Hamlet's close friend, who studied with the prince at the university in Wittenberg. Horatio is loyal and helpful to Hamlet throughout the play.
  17. 17. Ophelia • Polonius's daughter, a beautiful young woman with whom Hamlet has been in love. Ophelia is a sweet and innocent young girl, who obeys her father and her brother, Laertes.
  18. 18. Laertes • Polonius's son and Ophelia's brother, a young man who spends much of the play in France. Passionate and quick to action, Laertes is clearly a foil for the reflective Hamlet.
  19. 19. Fortinbras • The young Prince of Norway, whose father the king (also named Fortinbras) was killed by Hamlet's father (also named Hamlet). Now Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to avenge his father's honor.
  20. 20. The Ghost • The specter of Hamlet's recently deceased father. The ghost, who claims to have been murdered by Claudius, calls upon Hamlet to avenge him.
  21. 21. THE STORY
  22. 22. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark - the son of King of Denmark - who was being in abroad heard his father, King of Denmark died. After knowing it, Hamlet went back home to Denmark soon however after Hamlet's father died, his uncle, Claudius replaced the throne of his father, became a king and married Hamlet's mother (Gertrude). It made him very sad.
  23. 23. On a dark winter night, a ghost appeared on the ramparts of the castle. Some Hamlet’s friends, included Horatio, saw the ghost who claimed himself as Hamlet's ghost father. Hearing the news, Hamlet resolved to see the ghost himself. In the night, the ghost appeared to hamlet and told that Claudius murdered him by pouring poison in his ear. Kronborg Castel, Elsinore, Denmark
  24. 24. Hamlet is not sure that the ghost is really his father. He wanted to prove whether the ghost is really his father and also Claudius is his father’s killer. Hamlet pretend to be crazy to trap his uncle. In addition, Hamlet also invited some actors to stage a story that he wrote himself. The story is about a man who kills the king by pouring poison in his ear hole. And when the story is staged, Claudius reacted badly and he left the venue before the show ended. Hamlet believed he is guilty.
  25. 25. Hamlet wasn’t satisfied with that way, Hamlet asked Gertrude about her father's death. When Gertrude did not want to confess, Hamlet became angry and when he saw someone who was hiding behind the curtain, he stabbed and killed him, because he thought that he was Claudius. Unpredictably he was Polonius, the king’s advisor. Laertes and Ophelia, Polonius’ children were very sad.
  26. 26. Ophelia, Polonius' daughter had actually fallen in love with Hamlet, but after her father’s death. She was crazy. She fallen into a river and drowned then died.
  27. 27. After this, Claudius sent Hamlet with his close friend, Horatio to England to study there, even though the real goal is to expel Hamlet from Denmark. However in the middle of journey, Hamlet and Horatio escaped from the ship that took them to England and eventually both of them returned back to Denmark.
  28. 28. When Hamlet returned back to Denmark. There was an Ophelia’s funeral procession. Hamlet was very sad for losing her and suddenly he jumped into Ophelia’s grave when the funeral took place. Laertes, her brother was angry of what Hamlet did. Laertes decided to kill Hamlet in revenge for his father’s death . He challenged Hamlet to a sword fight. Laertes’ sword had been poisoned by Claudius and also he made some poisoned wine for Hamlet to drink in case that does not work.
  29. 29. At first Hamlet won the sword fight, but his mother drank the poisoned wine without knowing to encourage, and died. In the next round, Hamlet was cut with the poisoned sword, but then stabbed Laertes with the same sword. Before dying of poison Laertes told Hamlet about the plot and then died. Hamlet killed Claudius with the poisoned sword. Horatio, Hamlet's friend, told everyone about the murder of the old king. Hamlet told everyone that the Norwegian prince, Fortinbras, should be king, and then died from the poison. Finally both Gertrude and Hamlet himself also died because of the same poison.
  30. 30. For more explanation Visit this website : http://puputsnote.blogspot.com/2013/11/drama-analysis-of-hamletprince-of.html

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