THE ANALYZE OF
Putri Nurul Hidayati
Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul ‘Ulum
Identity of HAMLET Drama
• Full tittle
: The Tragedy of Hamlet,
Prince of Denmark
: William Shakespeare
• Type of work : Play
Written at the first part of the seventeenth
century (probably in 1600 or 1601), Hamlet
was first performed in July 1602. It was first
published in printed form in 1603 and
appeared in an enlarged edition in 1604.
The Tragedy of Hamlet was first performed at the
Globe Theatre in England.
The theater opened in
It was the home for many
of Shakespeare’s plays.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a
play, written by William Shakespeare. It is one of his
called Hamlet. It had been translated into Indonesia,
untitled Hamlet, Pangeran Denmark by Trisno
The main story of Hamlet is a Danish prince
whose uncle murdered the prince's father,
married his mother, and claimed the throne.
The prince pretended to be feeble-minded to
trap his uncle, then killed his uncle in revenge.
The story takes place in
the country of Denmark
(Kingdom of Denmark) in
the late medieval period.
Kronborg Castel, Elsinore, Denmark
The Danish Prince’s revenge against Claudius, his
uncle who killed his father, married his mother,
and claimed the throne.
The theme explores treachery, revenge, and
We should not commit a foul and evil action
because it can hurt others.
This drama is advanced or linear groove that
goes continuously and peaks.
• The prince of Denmark. The son of Queen Gertrude and the
late King Hamlet, the nephew of the present king, Claudius.
• The protagonist character.
• Hamlet is melancholy and cynical, full of hatred for his
uncle's scheming and disgust for his mother's sexuality. A
reflective and thoughtful young man who has studied at the
University of Wittenberg, Hamlet is sometimes indecisive
and hesitant, but at other times prone to impulsive acts.
• The King of Denmark, Hamlet's uncle and
stepfather, Gertrude’s husband.
• The play's antagonist character.
• The villain of the play, Claudius is a calculating,
ambitious politician, driven by his sexual appetites
and his lust for power, but he occasionally shows
signs of guilt and human feeling—his love for
Gertrude, for instance, seems sincere.
• The Queen of Denmark, Hamlet's mother,
widow of Old Hamlet and recently married
to Claudius. Gertrude loves Hamlet deeply,
but she is a weak woman who seeks
affection and status rather than moral
rectitude or truth.
• He is arrogant, conniving old man.
Polonius is the father of Laertes and
• Claudius’ advisor.
• Hamlet's close friend, who studied with the
prince at the university in Wittenberg. Horatio
is loyal and helpful to Hamlet throughout the
• Polonius's daughter, a beautiful young
woman with whom Hamlet has been in
love. Ophelia is a sweet and innocent
young girl, who obeys her father and
her brother, Laertes.
• Polonius's son and Ophelia's brother, a young
man who spends much of the play in France.
Passionate and quick to action, Laertes is
clearly a foil for the reflective Hamlet.
• The young Prince of Norway, whose father
the king (also named Fortinbras) was killed
by Hamlet's father (also named Hamlet).
Now Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to
avenge his father's honor.
deceased father. The ghost, who claims
to have been murdered by Claudius, calls
upon Hamlet to avenge him.
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark - the son of King
of Denmark - who was being in abroad
heard his father, King of Denmark died.
After knowing it, Hamlet went back home
to Denmark soon however after Hamlet's
father died, his uncle, Claudius replaced the
throne of his father, became a king and
married Hamlet's mother (Gertrude). It
made him very sad.
On a dark winter night, a ghost
appeared on the ramparts of the
castle. Some Hamlet’s friends,
included Horatio, saw the ghost who
claimed himself as Hamlet's ghost
father. Hearing the news, Hamlet
resolved to see the ghost himself. In
the night, the ghost appeared to
hamlet and told that Claudius
murdered him by pouring poison in
Kronborg Castel, Elsinore, Denmark
Hamlet is not sure that the ghost is really his father. He
wanted to prove whether the ghost is really his father and
also Claudius is his father’s killer. Hamlet pretend to be crazy
to trap his uncle. In addition, Hamlet also invited some
actors to stage a story that he wrote himself. The story is
about a man who kills the king by pouring poison in his ear
hole. And when the story is staged, Claudius reacted badly
and he left the venue before the show ended. Hamlet
believed he is guilty.
Hamlet wasn’t satisfied with that way, Hamlet
asked Gertrude about her father's death. When
Gertrude did not want to confess, Hamlet
became angry and when he saw someone who
was hiding behind the curtain, he stabbed and
killed him, because he thought that he was
Claudius. Unpredictably he was Polonius, the
king’s advisor. Laertes and Ophelia, Polonius’
children were very sad.
actually fallen in love with Hamlet, but
after her father’s death. She was crazy.
She fallen into a river and drowned
After this, Claudius sent Hamlet with
his close friend, Horatio to England to
study there, even though the real goal
is to expel Hamlet from Denmark.
However in the middle of journey,
Hamlet and Horatio escaped from the
ship that took them to England and
eventually both of them returned
back to Denmark.
When Hamlet returned back to Denmark. There was an Ophelia’s funeral
procession. Hamlet was very sad for losing her and suddenly he jumped
into Ophelia’s grave when the funeral took place. Laertes, her brother was
angry of what Hamlet did. Laertes decided to kill Hamlet in revenge for his
father’s death . He challenged Hamlet to a sword fight. Laertes’ sword had
been poisoned by Claudius and also he made some poisoned wine for
Hamlet to drink in case that does not work.
At first Hamlet won the sword fight, but his mother drank the poisoned
wine without knowing to encourage, and died. In the next round, Hamlet
was cut with the poisoned sword, but then stabbed Laertes with the
same sword. Before dying of poison Laertes told Hamlet about the plot
and then died. Hamlet killed Claudius with the poisoned sword. Horatio,
Hamlet's friend, told everyone about the murder of the old king. Hamlet
told everyone that the Norwegian prince, Fortinbras, should be king, and
then died from the poison. Finally both Gertrude and Hamlet himself
also died because of the same poison.
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