THE DISADVANTAGES OF
CLOSED ACCESS PUBLISHING
Subscription based or TA (Toll Gated) access
High serial prices… more than the general inflation rate
Mergers and acquisitions of publishing companies
EPICENTER OF OPEN ACCESS
“What is the point in doing science
(research) if the result are not shared to
DEFINITION & EMERGENCE
Internet emerged in 1990 as a kind of miracle. For the first time it become
possible to connect authors with their readers who want to read and build
on it. This new form of online distribution is now called “Open Access”.
Budapest, Berlin, and Bethesda (BBB) statement
OA allows users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search,
or link to the full text of works.
Permitting use for any lawful purpose.
Three groups took initiatives towards Open Access : Budapest Open
Access Initiative (BOAI), Bethesda Statement & Berlin Declaration.
The BOAI took place in 2001, where the term “Open Access” was
coined. And in 2003 & 2005 is respectively by Bethesda Statement &
To investigate the level of awareness of Open Access among the academics
at Sambalpur University.
To determine whether the academics support the OA philosophy and
participate in the OA movement.
To identify which segment of academics (by age/by discipline) make use of
Open Access content.
To find out the frequency of using Open Access.
To find out the academics’s attitude towards the open access model.
To rank the various key advantages of Open Access as percieved by the
To find out the hindrances and problems found by the users while accessing
or using Open Access.
The Descriptive Survey method has been adopted for the present
An Online Structured Questionnaire was developed using Google docs and
distributed the links to academics of Sambalpur University through email
and social media like face book and twitter.
The Questionnaire included close ended, partially close-ended and open-
The sample of the survey includes faculty and research scholars (M.Phil
and Ph.D scholars) of 20 Post Graduate Departments classified into Four
major disciplines: Pure Science, Applied Science and Technology, Social
Science and Humanities.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will disclose the attitude of faculty & research scholars of
Sambalpur University towards Open Access.
This research will help to find out the reasons why academics at
Sambalpur University support or do not support Open Access.
The study will help to formulate some measures for popularizing Open
Access in Sambalpur University.
A majority of the academia at Sambalpur University do not
support Open Access.
A majority of the academia at Sambalpur University think that the
quality of Open Access research is low as compared to subscribed
The proposal for setting an Institutional repository at sambalpur
University would not be accepted by the academia.
The junior faculty & research scholar (who are young )are more in
support of OA then the senior (old) faculty members.
AWARENESS OF OPEN ACCESS
Very High High Medium Low Very low Don’t
How aware are you with the concept of Open Access ?
OPINION ON “QUALITY OF OA AND TA JOURNALS”
Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully
Do you think the quality of OA journals are same as TA journals ?
REPUTATION OF AUTHORS FOR OA PUBLISHING
Reputed authors prefer to publish their articles in TA journals
Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully
SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORY BY SU ACADEMICS
Do you self archive your research papers in any OA Repository ?
REASONS FOR SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORIES
0 10 20 30 40 50
For more visibility of Research
For more use and more citation
For open reviewing by peers
Why to self archive in OA Repositories ?
REASONS FOR NOT SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORIES OF SU
0 5 10 15 20
Fear of copyright complications
Don’t like free use of research
papers by others
Open content is considered
unqualitative / unauthentic
Why do you not open archive your publication ?
ACCEPTANCE OF OA BY OLD AND YOUNG AT SU
Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully
Old researchers are more reluctant to publish in OA Journals than young
1. There is a high level of awareness of OA among the academics at Sambalpur University. The
study found 62% of respondents indicated a ‘very high’ or ‘high’ level of awareness of Open
Access Journals. 25% responded with medium level of awareness of OAJ.
2. Majority of the academics consider OA Journal as serious means of scholarly communication.
A high percentage of respondents (67%) designated ‘very high’ and ‘high’ level of their
seriousness in considering the OA journals in the scholarly communication process.
3. OA Journals that play an important source of information in various disciplines of Sambalpur
University. The survey found that Library Philosophy and Practice (ISSN:1522-0222), Annals of
Library and Information Studies (ISSN:0975-2404), D-Lib Magazine (ISSN:1082-9873), DESIDOC
Journal of Library & Information Technology (ISSN:0971-4383) journals are popular among
Library and Information Science discipline. Similarly, ILI Law Review, India Law Journal
(ISSN:0975-0606), Indian Journal of Human Rights and the Law journals are widely used by Law
professionals. Food technology professionals are using American Journal of Food Technology,
African Journal of Food Science and Technology, Advance Journal of Food Science and
4. Old researchers are more reluctant to publish their articles in Open Access journals as
compared to the young researchers. 60% of respondents are agreed or fully agreed that old
researchers are more reluctant to publish in OA journals than young researchers
OPINIONS OF RESPONDENTS
An Assistant Professor of Mathematics comments....
“There are very few OA journals which are stick to the quality of papers and in the present
scenario there are huge amount of OA journals published by different publishers. The publishers
are not stick on the quality of works but most of them are interested in quality. Even Some
journals sending the papers for review with a note that they have less number of articles in their
hand for next volume and do not want to reject the paper. It is really too funny and even not an
interest of reviewer to spend much time to comment on the manuscripts. Research having good
manuscripts does not prefer to communicate to OA journal since the publisher charging for
publication cost. In my opinion all the publishers must be stick to the quality of manuscripts
rather than quality and publication frequency.”
A Ph.D scholar of physics has pointed out that the OA repository arXiv play an important role in
indicating update information every day.
OA is useful as it increases visibility
Good for developing countries to make availability of large number of research articles.
There must be some standard guidelines to control OA journals.
OA journals should be peer reviewed
MAJOR SUGGESTIONS OF THE STUDY
Conduct of workshops.
Invited lectures by OA advocates may be organized from time to time.
OA Literacy Programs
Use OA sources for their research work.
Seminars and assignments.
Referencing OA sources
Evaluation of the quality and authenticity
Creation of ‘Sodh Sansadan@SU’: A Digital Institutional
Self archiving and showcasing of institutional research at SU
Increase visibility of SU research and researchers
Increased number of citations and research impact
Accountability of funding from the Govt., UGC, and other…
Increased prestige of Sambalpur University
Propagating OA among Academics
Central Library should index and link the OA journals
An index should be prepare of all OA journals in various disciplines and
provide the list in a directory format through the library website.
Research Proposals should include APC
As the new model of OA publishing has introduced the author pay modalities in
terms of APC which involves very high cost. Hence, the individual investigators of
various research projects should include the APC charges of the research papers
to be published by them in their research proposal so that the APC should be
reimbursed from the funding agencies not from the pockets of the researchers.
OA Mandate of SU
ROARMAP has registered 12 Mandates from India. The institutions are
Bharathidasan University, CGIAR (Global Agriculture Research Consortium),
Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Agricultural
Research (ICAR) , Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, M S
University, Madurai Kamaraj University, Mahatma Gandi University, National
Institute of Oceanography, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, National
Therefore, it is suggested that, Sambalpur University where about 200 research
papers are published per year is a candidate institution to have an OAI compliant
Institutional Repository and to register the OA Mandate with ROARMAP
According to (Maiworm and Schelewsky, 2005) Change is never
easy, and no doubt many obstacles remain, but the enthusiasm of a
new generation of researchers for open access, and the ongoing
expansion of activity in this area by funders and policy-makers,
together mean that open access to the results of scientific research
could soon be the norm rather than the exception. The present
study has been a research as a step forward, towards an OA
environment in a typical university system like Sambalpur University.
MLIS (Sambalpur University)