Academics use and attitude towards Open Access literature on the web: A Case Study of Sambalpur University


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Academics use and attitude towards Open Access
literature on the web: A Case Study of Sambalpur University

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Academics use and attitude towards Open Access literature on the web: A Case Study of Sambalpur University

  1. 1. Puspanjali Meher MLIS (Sambalpur University) In Association with Dr. Bulu Maharana Reader & Head Of the Dept. PG Dept. of Library & Information Science Sambalpur University By
  2. 2. Open Access !!! The Buzz word
  3. 3. THE DISADVANTAGES OF CLOSED ACCESS PUBLISHING Subscription based or TA (Toll Gated) access High serial prices… more than the general inflation rate Mergers and acquisitions of publishing companies Monopolistic approach
  4. 4. EPICENTER OF OPEN ACCESS THOUGHT WORLDWIDE “What is the point in doing science (research) if the result are not shared to everyone?”
  5. 5. DEFINITION & EMERGENCE Internet emerged in 1990 as a kind of miracle. For the first time it become possible to connect authors with their readers who want to read and build on it. This new form of online distribution is now called “Open Access”. Budapest, Berlin, and Bethesda (BBB) statement OA allows users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of works. Permitting use for any lawful purpose. Emergence Three groups took initiatives towards Open Access : Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), Bethesda Statement & Berlin Declaration. The BOAI took place in 2001, where the term “Open Access” was coined. And in 2003 & 2005 is respectively by Bethesda Statement & Berlin Declaration.
  8. 8. OBJECTIVES To investigate the level of awareness of Open Access among the academics at Sambalpur University. To determine whether the academics support the OA philosophy and participate in the OA movement. To identify which segment of academics (by age/by discipline) make use of Open Access content. To find out the frequency of using Open Access. To find out the academics’s attitude towards the open access model. To rank the various key advantages of Open Access as percieved by the academia. To find out the hindrances and problems found by the users while accessing or using Open Access.
  9. 9. METHODOLOGY The Descriptive Survey method has been adopted for the present research. An Online Structured Questionnaire was developed using Google docs and distributed the links to academics of Sambalpur University through email and social media like face book and twitter. The Questionnaire included close ended, partially close-ended and open- ended questions. The sample of the survey includes faculty and research scholars (M.Phil and Ph.D scholars) of 20 Post Graduate Departments classified into Four major disciplines: Pure Science, Applied Science and Technology, Social Science and Humanities.
  10. 10. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The study will disclose the attitude of faculty & research scholars of Sambalpur University towards Open Access. This research will help to find out the reasons why academics at Sambalpur University support or do not support Open Access. The study will help to formulate some measures for popularizing Open Access in Sambalpur University.
  11. 11. HYPOTHESES A majority of the academia at Sambalpur University do not support Open Access. A majority of the academia at Sambalpur University think that the quality of Open Access research is low as compared to subscribed research publications. The proposal for setting an Institutional repository at sambalpur University would not be accepted by the academia. The junior faculty & research scholar (who are young )are more in support of OA then the senior (old) faculty members. H1 H2 H3 H4
  13. 13. AWARENESS OF OPEN ACCESS 26 36 25 7 0 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Very High High Medium Low Very low Don’t Know How aware are you with the concept of Open Access ?
  14. 14. OPINION ON “QUALITY OF OA AND TA JOURNALS” 22 31 9 24 6 8 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully Disagree Don’t Know Do you think the quality of OA journals are same as TA journals ?
  15. 15. REPUTATION OF AUTHORS FOR OA PUBLISHING Reputed authors prefer to publish their articles in TA journals 27 29 12 20 2 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully Disagree Don’t Know
  16. 16. SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORY BY SU ACADEMICS Yes, 64 No, 36 Do you self archive your research papers in any OA Repository ?
  17. 17. REASONS FOR SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORIES 46 34 34 2 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 For more visibility of Research For more use and more citation For open reviewing by peers Institutional mandate Others Why to self archive in OA Repositories ?
  18. 18. REASONS FOR NOT SELF ARCHIVING IN OA REPOSITORIES OF SU 16 2 18 12 0 5 10 15 20 Fear of copyright complications Don’t like free use of research papers by others Open content is considered unqualitative / unauthentic Others Why do you not open archive your publication ?
  19. 19. ACCEPTANCE OF OA BY OLD AND YOUNG AT SU 28 32 10 18 6 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Full Agree Agree Indifferent Disagree Fully Disagree Don’t Know Old researchers are more reluctant to publish in OA Journals than young researchers
  20. 20. FINDINGS 1. There is a high level of awareness of OA among the academics at Sambalpur University. The study found 62% of respondents indicated a ‘very high’ or ‘high’ level of awareness of Open Access Journals. 25% responded with medium level of awareness of OAJ. 2. Majority of the academics consider OA Journal as serious means of scholarly communication. A high percentage of respondents (67%) designated ‘very high’ and ‘high’ level of their seriousness in considering the OA journals in the scholarly communication process. 3. OA Journals that play an important source of information in various disciplines of Sambalpur University. The survey found that Library Philosophy and Practice (ISSN:1522-0222), Annals of Library and Information Studies (ISSN:0975-2404), D-Lib Magazine (ISSN:1082-9873), DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology (ISSN:0971-4383) journals are popular among Library and Information Science discipline. Similarly, ILI Law Review, India Law Journal (ISSN:0975-0606), Indian Journal of Human Rights and the Law journals are widely used by Law professionals. Food technology professionals are using American Journal of Food Technology, African Journal of Food Science and Technology, Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, etc. 4. Old researchers are more reluctant to publish their articles in Open Access journals as compared to the young researchers. 60% of respondents are agreed or fully agreed that old researchers are more reluctant to publish in OA journals than young researchers
  21. 21. OPINIONS OF RESPONDENTS An Assistant Professor of Mathematics comments.... “There are very few OA journals which are stick to the quality of papers and in the present scenario there are huge amount of OA journals published by different publishers. The publishers are not stick on the quality of works but most of them are interested in quality. Even Some journals sending the papers for review with a note that they have less number of articles in their hand for next volume and do not want to reject the paper. It is really too funny and even not an interest of reviewer to spend much time to comment on the manuscripts. Research having good manuscripts does not prefer to communicate to OA journal since the publisher charging for publication cost. In my opinion all the publishers must be stick to the quality of manuscripts rather than quality and publication frequency.” A Ph.D scholar of physics has pointed out that the OA repository arXiv play an important role in indicating update information every day. OA is useful as it increases visibility Good for developing countries to make availability of large number of research articles. There must be some standard guidelines to control OA journals. OA journals should be peer reviewed
  22. 22. MAJOR SUGGESTIONS OF THE STUDY OA Campaign Conduct of workshops. Awareness camps. OA Week. Invited lectures by OA advocates may be organized from time to time. OA Literacy Programs Use OA sources for their research work. Seminars and assignments. Referencing OA sources Evaluation of the quality and authenticity
  23. 23. Creation of ‘Sodh Sansadan@SU’: A Digital Institutional Repository Self archiving and showcasing of institutional research at SU Increase visibility of SU research and researchers Increased number of citations and research impact Accountability of funding from the Govt., UGC, and other… Increased prestige of Sambalpur University Propagating OA among Academics Central Library should index and link the OA journals An index should be prepare of all OA journals in various disciplines and provide the list in a directory format through the library website.
  24. 24. Research Proposals should include APC As the new model of OA publishing has introduced the author pay modalities in terms of APC which involves very high cost. Hence, the individual investigators of various research projects should include the APC charges of the research papers to be published by them in their research proposal so that the APC should be reimbursed from the funding agencies not from the pockets of the researchers. OA Mandate of SU ROARMAP has registered 12 Mandates from India. The institutions are Bharathidasan University, CGIAR (Global Agriculture Research Consortium), Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) , Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, M S University, Madurai Kamaraj University, Mahatma Gandi University, National Institute of Oceanography, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, National Knowledge Commission Therefore, it is suggested that, Sambalpur University where about 200 research papers are published per year is a candidate institution to have an OAI compliant Institutional Repository and to register the OA Mandate with ROARMAP
  25. 25. CONCLUSION According to (Maiworm and Schelewsky, 2005) Change is never easy, and no doubt many obstacles remain, but the enthusiasm of a new generation of researchers for open access, and the ongoing expansion of activity in this area by funders and policy-makers, together mean that open access to the results of scientific research could soon be the norm rather than the exception. The present study has been a research as a step forward, towards an OA environment in a typical university system like Sambalpur University.
  26. 26. THANK YOU PUSPANJALI MEHER MLIS (Sambalpur University) May 2014