SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Introduction to robotics

Gives brief intro about the types and uses of robots

1 of 25
Download to read offline
1
Robotics
Robotic History
Robotic Technology
Types of Robots
Basic Blocks of Robot
2
What is a Robot…?
A reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move
material, parts, tools or specialized devices through various programmed
motions for the performance of a variety of Tasks.
-Robot Institute of America.
3
Robotics is science of designing or building an
application of robots. Simply ,Robotics may be
defines as “The Study of Robots”. The aim of
robotics is to design an efficient robot.
•Speed
• Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature
• Can do repetitive tasks
• Can do work with accuracy
4
5
The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel
Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots),
published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people
called robots . Capek was reportedly several times a candidate for the
Nobel prize for his works .
The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was
coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American scientist and
science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992) in 1940s.
6
Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics“.
First Law : A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction,
allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a
higher order law
Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except
where such orders would conflict with a higher order law
Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence as long as such
protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
7
8
Fundamentals Blocks of a Robot
9
ROBOT
Mechanical
System
Sensors
Signal
Processing
System
Control
System
Power Supply
System
The robot control loop
Output information Move, Speech
Text, Visuals Wheels Legs
Arms Tracks
Speech, Vision
Acceleration,
Temperature
Position ,Distance
Touch, Force
Magnetic field ,Light
Sound
,PositionSense
Task planning
Plan Classification
Learn
Process data
Path planning
Motion planning
ThinkSense
Act
The robot control loop
Sensors
Effectors
Actuators
Controllers &
Processors
Arms
Manipulator or Rover
Software
11
Laser range finder
KinectSonar
PTZ
Odometer
Camera
Sensors provide awareness of the environment by sensing
things.Sensors are the core of robots.It is the system that alerts
the robots
12
Controller & Processor
Arm
Effector
• An end effector is the device at the end of a robotic arm,
designed to interact with the environment.
• End effectors may consist of a gripper or a tool. The gripper
can be of two fingers, three fingers or even five fingers
• Similar to cerebellum. It controls and coordinates the motion
of the actuators.
• The brain of the robot. It calculates the motions and the
velocity of the robot’s joints, etc.
Convenient method to allow full movement in 3D
more often used in fixed robots due to power & weight
even more difficult to control
13
Actuators
Locomotion
• Legs
• Wheels
• Other exotic means
Muscles of the Locomotion and Manipulation (servomotor, stepper motor, pneumatic
and hydraulic cylinder).
14
15
Types of Robots(application)
• Mobile Robots
• Autonomous Robots
• Virtual Robots
• Remote-Controlled Robo
• Stationary Robots
• Industrial Robots
• Educational Robots
• Domestic Robots
16
Mobile robots are of two types….
Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They
can quickly and easily search. However they are
only useful in flat areas.
Robots on legs are usually brought in when the
terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs;
usually they have 6 or more.
17
Autonomous robots are self supporting or in
other words self contained. In a way they rely
on their own ‘brains’.
Robots are not only used to explore areas or imitate a
human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks
without ever moving an inch. Most robots are
‘working’ in industry settings and are stationary .
18
A person can guide a robot by remote control. A
person can perform difficult and usually
dangerous tasks without being at the spot where
the tasks are performed.
Virtual robots don’t exits In real life. Virtual robots are
just programs, building blocks of software inside a
computer.
19
Industrial Robots –
–materials handling
–welding
–inspection
–improving productivity
–Laboratory applications
20
21
Educational Robots
Robotic kits are used extensively in education.
Eg- Robolab,Lego and
RoboCup Soccer
Domestic Robots
2 types–they are designed to perform household
tasks and modern toys which are programmed to
do things like talking, walking and dancing, etc.
22
It can be used as :-
•An automatic machine sweeper
•An automatic car for a child to play with
•A machine removing mines in a war field
23
Robotic Applications
EXPLORATION
– Space Missions
– Robots in the Antarctic
– Exploring Volcanoes
– Underwater Exploration
MEDICAL SCIENCE
– Surgical assistant
ASSEMBLY- factories Parts-
- handling
- Assembly
- Painting
- Surveillance
- Security (bomb disposal,etc)
- Home help (grass cutting, nursing)
• Going to far away planets.
• Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans would be
crushed
• Giving us information that humans can't get
• Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored
• They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and
accurately
• Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any
human interference.
• People can lose jobs in factories
• It needs a supply of power
• It needs maintenance to keep it running .
• It costs money to make or buy a robot
24
25

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 
Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 
Presentation of robotics
Presentation of roboticsPresentation of robotics
Presentation of robotics
 
Robotics Presentation
Robotics PresentationRobotics Presentation
Robotics Presentation
 
Intro to Robotics 1
Intro to Robotics 1Intro to Robotics 1
Intro to Robotics 1
 
Robots presentation
Robots presentationRobots presentation
Robots presentation
 
Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 
Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 
Basic of Robotics and application
Basic of Robotics and application  Basic of Robotics and application
Basic of Robotics and application
 
Robotics and Technology
Robotics and TechnologyRobotics and Technology
Robotics and Technology
 
Introduction to robotics
Introduction  to roboticsIntroduction  to robotics
Introduction to robotics
 
Robotics: The Study of Robots
Robotics: The Study of RobotsRobotics: The Study of Robots
Robotics: The Study of Robots
 
Robotics project ppt
Robotics project pptRobotics project ppt
Robotics project ppt
 
Seminar report on robotics (line follower) ppt
Seminar report on robotics (line follower) pptSeminar report on robotics (line follower) ppt
Seminar report on robotics (line follower) ppt
 
Robotics
Robotics Robotics
Robotics
 
Industrial robotics
Industrial roboticsIndustrial robotics
Industrial robotics
 
BASICS and INTRODUCTION of ROBOTICS
BASICS and INTRODUCTION of ROBOTICSBASICS and INTRODUCTION of ROBOTICS
BASICS and INTRODUCTION of ROBOTICS
 
robotics and its components
robotics and its componentsrobotics and its components
robotics and its components
 
Robotics ppt
Robotics pptRobotics ppt
Robotics ppt
 
Robotics pdf
Robotics pdfRobotics pdf
Robotics pdf
 

Viewers also liked

20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots
20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots
20007.0002.week1 types-of-robotsPoonam Singh
 
Basics of Robotics
Basics of RoboticsBasics of Robotics
Basics of RoboticsAmeya Gandhi
 
Robotics and collision detection
Robotics and   collision detectionRobotics and   collision detection
Robotics and collision detectionNaveen Sihag
 
Visualization- Selecting one from Many
Visualization- Selecting one from ManyVisualization- Selecting one from Many
Visualization- Selecting one from ManyPushpa Saravanan
 
Robotics by Maryam javed
Robotics by Maryam javedRobotics by Maryam javed
Robotics by Maryam javedMaryamMalik8
 
Aircraft Communication Topic 5 selcal and data link system
Aircraft Communication  Topic 5 selcal and data link systemAircraft Communication  Topic 5 selcal and data link system
Aircraft Communication Topic 5 selcal and data link systemIzah Asmadi
 
Robots and types
Robots and typesRobots and types
Robots and typessamina khan
 
Pccoe basic mobile_robot
Pccoe basic mobile_robotPccoe basic mobile_robot
Pccoe basic mobile_robotAjendra Joshi
 
Robots - All about them
Robots - All about themRobots - All about them
Robots - All about themmrhhern
 
Robot presentation for project study
Robot presentation for project studyRobot presentation for project study
Robot presentation for project studyJoyceJin
 
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)Introduction to Robot Framework (external)
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)Zhe Li
 
light follower robot
light follower robotlight follower robot
light follower robotanuragyadav94
 
Basic robotics workshop
Basic robotics workshopBasic robotics workshop
Basic robotics workshopPratik Dhaboo
 
Chapter 12 law and class robot
Chapter 12  law and class robotChapter 12  law and class robot
Chapter 12 law and class robotSiti Sofia
 
Robotics presentation
Robotics presentationRobotics presentation
Robotics presentationmandela48
 
Ardublock tutorial
Ardublock tutorialArdublock tutorial
Ardublock tutorialJakie_Li
 
Robotics workshop PPT
Robotics  workshop PPTRobotics  workshop PPT
Robotics workshop PPTavikdhupar
 
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robot
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robotRobot classification working and spesific uitilities of robot
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robotpsc2015
 

Viewers also liked (20)

20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots
20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots
20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots
 
Basics of Robotics
Basics of RoboticsBasics of Robotics
Basics of Robotics
 
Robotics and collision detection
Robotics and   collision detectionRobotics and   collision detection
Robotics and collision detection
 
Visualization- Selecting one from Many
Visualization- Selecting one from ManyVisualization- Selecting one from Many
Visualization- Selecting one from Many
 
Robotics by Maryam javed
Robotics by Maryam javedRobotics by Maryam javed
Robotics by Maryam javed
 
Robot basic
Robot basicRobot basic
Robot basic
 
Aircraft Communication Topic 5 selcal and data link system
Aircraft Communication  Topic 5 selcal and data link systemAircraft Communication  Topic 5 selcal and data link system
Aircraft Communication Topic 5 selcal and data link system
 
Robots and types
Robots and typesRobots and types
Robots and types
 
Pccoe basic mobile_robot
Pccoe basic mobile_robotPccoe basic mobile_robot
Pccoe basic mobile_robot
 
Robots - All about them
Robots - All about themRobots - All about them
Robots - All about them
 
Robotics.!
Robotics.!Robotics.!
Robotics.!
 
Robot presentation for project study
Robot presentation for project studyRobot presentation for project study
Robot presentation for project study
 
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)Introduction to Robot Framework (external)
Introduction to Robot Framework (external)
 
light follower robot
light follower robotlight follower robot
light follower robot
 
Basic robotics workshop
Basic robotics workshopBasic robotics workshop
Basic robotics workshop
 
Chapter 12 law and class robot
Chapter 12  law and class robotChapter 12  law and class robot
Chapter 12 law and class robot
 
Robotics presentation
Robotics presentationRobotics presentation
Robotics presentation
 
Ardublock tutorial
Ardublock tutorialArdublock tutorial
Ardublock tutorial
 
Robotics workshop PPT
Robotics  workshop PPTRobotics  workshop PPT
Robotics workshop PPT
 
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robot
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robotRobot classification working and spesific uitilities of robot
Robot classification working and spesific uitilities of robot
 

Similar to Introduction to robotics

LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsx
LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsxLectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsx
LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsxwasaneng
 
Robotics ppt
Robotics ppt Robotics ppt
Robotics ppt THE ROCK
 
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptx
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptxemtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptx
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptxrecoveraccount1
 
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdf
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdfBala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdf
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdfVaralakshmi61928
 
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfroboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfSukreetiShrestha1
 
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfroboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfTAMILMANIP6
 
Robots and Technology
Robots and TechnologyRobots and Technology
Robots and TechnologyRamki M
 
569637 634222725772371250
569637 634222725772371250569637 634222725772371250
569637 634222725772371250Abhishek Raj
 
Subrat-Robot (1).pptx
Subrat-Robot (1).pptxSubrat-Robot (1).pptx
Subrat-Robot (1).pptxVicky570089
 
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for Kids
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for KidsWhat is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for Kids
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for KidsVivek chan
 
CST 20363 Session 5 Robotics
CST 20363 Session 5 RoboticsCST 20363 Session 5 Robotics
CST 20363 Session 5 Roboticsoudesign
 
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdf
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdfroboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdf
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdfSameerBaiju
 
Unit 1 - Introduction to robotics
Unit 1 - Introduction to roboticsUnit 1 - Introduction to robotics
Unit 1 - Introduction to roboticsJonathan Fosdick
 
Robotics and technologies 2020
Robotics and technologies 2020Robotics and technologies 2020
Robotics and technologies 2020hulas raj tonday
 

Similar to Introduction to robotics (20)

LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsx
LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsxLectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsx
LectureOne_introduction-to-robotics-DrWasan.ppsx
 
Robotics ppt
Robotics ppt Robotics ppt
Robotics ppt
 
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptx
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptxemtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptx
emtech chapter 3emtech chapter 3.pptx
 
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdf
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdfBala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdf
Bala ganesh patel CTA 9th C t.pdf
 
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfroboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
 
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdfroboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
roboticspptmain-140330063043-phpapp01.pdf
 
Robots.pptx
Robots.pptxRobots.pptx
Robots.pptx
 
Robotics ppt
Robotics  pptRobotics  ppt
Robotics ppt
 
Robots and Technology
Robots and TechnologyRobots and Technology
Robots and Technology
 
569637 634222725772371250
569637 634222725772371250569637 634222725772371250
569637 634222725772371250
 
Subrat-Robot (1).pptx
Subrat-Robot (1).pptxSubrat-Robot (1).pptx
Subrat-Robot (1).pptx
 
Robotics ppt
Robotics pptRobotics ppt
Robotics ppt
 
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for Kids
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for KidsWhat is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for Kids
What is Robotics - Robotics Concept Explained for Kids
 
CST 20363 Session 5 Robotics
CST 20363 Session 5 RoboticsCST 20363 Session 5 Robotics
CST 20363 Session 5 Robotics
 
Industrial robotics
Industrial roboticsIndustrial robotics
Industrial robotics
 
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdf
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdfroboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdf
roboticspresentationanononesimeseraphin-170324141916.pdf
 
Unit 1 - Introduction to robotics
Unit 1 - Introduction to roboticsUnit 1 - Introduction to robotics
Unit 1 - Introduction to robotics
 
Robotics and technologies 2020
Robotics and technologies 2020Robotics and technologies 2020
Robotics and technologies 2020
 
Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 
Robotics
RoboticsRobotics
Robotics
 

Recently uploaded

2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Sue Beckingham
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsCorinne Weisgerber
 
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptxgdgsurrey
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandDr. Sarita Anand
 
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptxMasami YASUDA
 
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...SABC News
 
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular (clean version) Worksheet
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular  (clean version) WorksheetThe Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular  (clean version) Worksheet
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular (clean version) WorksheetMarcia Bonfim
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesCeline George
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxRAVEESHAD
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Aggregage
 
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfData Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMargie Morgan
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfMohonDas
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Association for Project Management
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxAizaPolinarCruz
 
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classCandace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classccstone
 

Recently uploaded (20)

2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
 
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
 
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
2024-02-24_Session 1 - PMLE_UPDATED.pptx
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
 
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
 
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...
MEC MAJUBA SADDENED BY THE PASSING AWAY OF THREE TEACHERS FOLLOWING A CAR ACC...
 
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
 
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular (clean version) Worksheet
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular  (clean version) WorksheetThe Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular  (clean version) Worksheet
The Weeknd, Madonna, Playboi Carti - Popular (clean version) Worksheet
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
 
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdfData Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
Data Modeling - Enhanced ER diagrams & Mapping.pdf
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
 
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classCandace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
 

Introduction to robotics

  • 1. 1
  • 2. Robotics Robotic History Robotic Technology Types of Robots Basic Blocks of Robot 2
  • 3. What is a Robot…? A reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of Tasks. -Robot Institute of America. 3
  • 4. Robotics is science of designing or building an application of robots. Simply ,Robotics may be defines as “The Study of Robots”. The aim of robotics is to design an efficient robot. •Speed • Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature • Can do repetitive tasks • Can do work with accuracy 4
  • 5. 5
  • 6. The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots . Capek was reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for his works . The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992) in 1940s. 6
  • 7. Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics“. First Law : A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law. 7
  • 8. 8
  • 9. Fundamentals Blocks of a Robot 9 ROBOT Mechanical System Sensors Signal Processing System Control System Power Supply System
  • 10. The robot control loop Output information Move, Speech Text, Visuals Wheels Legs Arms Tracks Speech, Vision Acceleration, Temperature Position ,Distance Touch, Force Magnetic field ,Light Sound ,PositionSense Task planning Plan Classification Learn Process data Path planning Motion planning ThinkSense Act The robot control loop
  • 12. Laser range finder KinectSonar PTZ Odometer Camera Sensors provide awareness of the environment by sensing things.Sensors are the core of robots.It is the system that alerts the robots 12
  • 13. Controller & Processor Arm Effector • An end effector is the device at the end of a robotic arm, designed to interact with the environment. • End effectors may consist of a gripper or a tool. The gripper can be of two fingers, three fingers or even five fingers • Similar to cerebellum. It controls and coordinates the motion of the actuators. • The brain of the robot. It calculates the motions and the velocity of the robot’s joints, etc. Convenient method to allow full movement in 3D more often used in fixed robots due to power & weight even more difficult to control 13
  • 14. Actuators Locomotion • Legs • Wheels • Other exotic means Muscles of the Locomotion and Manipulation (servomotor, stepper motor, pneumatic and hydraulic cylinder). 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. Types of Robots(application) • Mobile Robots • Autonomous Robots • Virtual Robots • Remote-Controlled Robo • Stationary Robots • Industrial Robots • Educational Robots • Domestic Robots 16
  • 17. Mobile robots are of two types…. Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They can quickly and easily search. However they are only useful in flat areas. Robots on legs are usually brought in when the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs; usually they have 6 or more. 17
  • 18. Autonomous robots are self supporting or in other words self contained. In a way they rely on their own ‘brains’. Robots are not only used to explore areas or imitate a human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks without ever moving an inch. Most robots are ‘working’ in industry settings and are stationary . 18
  • 19. A person can guide a robot by remote control. A person can perform difficult and usually dangerous tasks without being at the spot where the tasks are performed. Virtual robots don’t exits In real life. Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer. 19
  • 20. Industrial Robots – –materials handling –welding –inspection –improving productivity –Laboratory applications 20
  • 21. 21 Educational Robots Robotic kits are used extensively in education. Eg- Robolab,Lego and RoboCup Soccer Domestic Robots 2 types–they are designed to perform household tasks and modern toys which are programmed to do things like talking, walking and dancing, etc.
  • 22. 22 It can be used as :- •An automatic machine sweeper •An automatic car for a child to play with •A machine removing mines in a war field
  • 23. 23 Robotic Applications EXPLORATION – Space Missions – Robots in the Antarctic – Exploring Volcanoes – Underwater Exploration MEDICAL SCIENCE – Surgical assistant ASSEMBLY- factories Parts- - handling - Assembly - Painting - Surveillance - Security (bomb disposal,etc) - Home help (grass cutting, nursing)
  • 24. • Going to far away planets. • Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans would be crushed • Giving us information that humans can't get • Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored • They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and accurately • Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any human interference. • People can lose jobs in factories • It needs a supply of power • It needs maintenance to keep it running . • It costs money to make or buy a robot 24
  • 25. 25