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Hsc2017 legal studies


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Presentation from 2017 HSC and education forum

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Hsc2017 legal studies

  1. 1. THE RESOURCING OF LEGAL STUDIES State Library: March 21, 2017
  2. 2. ABOUT ME: DAVE GOOLEY 2014- Masters of Arts (ModernHistory) Macquarie University (ongoing!) 1998-2000 GraduateDiplomainEducation(Secondary) (withDistinction) (Human Society and Its Environment) Charles Sturt University (Bathurst)   1991-1996 Bachelorof Arts(Hons)/Law Australian National University 2001-2017: HSC Legal Studies Teacher/Modern History Teacher
  3. 3. LEGAL STUDIES EXPERIENCE •2013: Lecturer Faculty of Education and Social Work, Sydney University (Masters of Teaching Program: Legal Studies method) •2005-2009: Executive Member of NSW Legal Studies Teachers Association • 2007-2008: Legal Studies examination writer for Quality Assessment Tasks. •2007-2008: Legal Studies Lecturer for Edassist HSC Revision Lecture Series •2006-2011: HSC Legal Studies Marker •2009: HSC Legal Studies Judge
  4. 4. WHAT IS LEGAL STUDIES ABOUT? Legal Studies is not concerned with ‘black letter law’ but how justiceis achievedin the community. It is a contemporaryissues course. Something relevant to Legal Studies occurs each day on the news and in the papers Legal Studies is designed to foster intellectual, social and moral development by e m po we ring stude nts to think critically o n the ro le o f law and le g alinstitutio ns in so cie ty. Insomerespects, moreakinto sociologyorcriminologythanlaw
  5. 5. MICHAEL KIRBY Michael Kirby : “The re is a lo t o f lo o se talk in Australia abo ut de m o cracy, the rule o f law and basic rig hts. Ye t unle ss we e ducate future citize ns co nce rning the bro ad o utline o f o ur laws, the y m ay g ro w up fe e ling that law is alie n to the ir e xpe rie nce . Iwant the m to g ro w up insisting that the law m ust be just and m o de rn and acce pting the citize n’s re spo nsibility to e nsure that this is so ”
  6. 6. THE RATIONALE FOR LEGAL STUDIES Students are encouraged to follow a rang e o f co nte m po rary issue s o n the do m e stic and inte rnatio nal le ve ls and apply active citiz e nship skills in formulating their own opinions on the role of the law in these areas. Therefore, a large part of resourcing for Legal Studies is about helping students stay across those co nte m po rary issue s. This is especially true since the demise of the State Library’s excellent Le g alInfo rm atio n Acce ss Ce ntre (LIAC)
  7. 7. WHAT IS STUDIED? PRELIMINARY COURSE: Year11 The Le g alSyste m – 40 % o f co urse tim e   The Individualand the Law – 30 % o f co urse tim e The Law in Practice – 30 % o f co urse tim e
  8. 8. 1. THE LEGAL SYSTEM (PAGES 10-12 SYLLABUS) 1 . Basic Le g alCo nce pts: rule o f law, justice , e q uality, pro ce dural fairne ss, anarchy, tyranny 2. So urce s o f co nte m po rary Australian Law: co m m o n law, statute law, co nstitutio n, abo rig inaland to rre s strait islande r custo m ary law, inte rnatio nallaw. 3. Classificatio n o f law: public law, private law 4. Law re fo rm : pro ce sse s and m e chanism s fo r law re fo rm 5. Law re fo rm in actio n: case studie s fo r law re fo rm : e g . ‘o ne punch le g islatio n and chang e s to the law o f pro vo catio n.
  9. 9. THE SORT OF QUESTIONS ASKED What are o ur co nce pts o f justice , fairne ss and e q uality? What is the rule o f law? What is tyranny? What do we m e an by anarchy? Whe re do e s o ur law co m e fro m ? What are the influe nce s o n o ur le g alsyste m ? Ho w do the co urts wo rk? Ho w do we re fo rm the law to e nsure it ke e ps up with so cie ty’s standards?
  10. 10. RESOURCING: THE LEGAL SYSTEM The use of interesting and topical case studies provides a useful way not only to help students learn basic concepts, but to integrate with themes and the broad picture of the critical analysis required for the ‘learn to’ statements. As always media is a great starting point. JeffreyGilhamcase: BadBlood(AustralianStory2011) GordonWoodcase: Trial andError(FourCorners 2011) Conviction: AdrianBaileycase(ABC Television2016) These resources will also be very useful for the Crime Study in the HSC course.
  11. 11. RESOURCI NG THE LEGAL SYSTEM Of course in the initial part of the course student may need resources on basic structures such as the operation of the courts, the parliament and the constitution. http://
  12. 12. RESOURCING THE LEGAL SYSTEM In examining these basic concepts, students are also often asked to compile media files on issues such as: Case s raising issue s o f justice (e . g Bro nso n Ble ssing to n) Civilcase s and crim inalcase s Exam ple s o f law re fo rm Exam ple s o f inte rnatio nallaw Any data bases that you can make available from such as the Sydne y Mo rning He rald, The Guardian and The Australian would be greatly appreciated by students.
  13. 13. RESOURCING THE LEGAL SYSTEM For example, students would appreciate a collation of articles and resources on subjects such as: Je ssica Silva trialand subse q ue nt appe al Ro be rt Xie m urde r trialand se nte ncing De bate s aro und bailre fo rm 20 1 2-20 1 4 Killing o f Tho m as Ke lly and intro ductio n o f ‘o ne -punch’ m andato ry se nte ncing le g islatio n Picture d abo ve : Je ssica Silva
  14. 14. RESOURCING THE LEGAL SYSTEM NSW Law Reform Commission Australian Law Reform Commission
  16. 16. CORE PART II: THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE LAW Yo ur rig hts and re spo nsibilitie s: Re so lving dispute s: be twe e n individuals and be twe e n individualand the state Co nte m po rary issue : the individualand te chno lo g y This topic is often a topic for student assignments and case studies on cybe r-bulling , surve illance and CCTV, re ve ng e po rn and inte rne t privacy would all be useful for students.
  17. 17. INDIVIDUAL AND THE LAW  Ho w m uch po we r sho uld the state have o ve r yo u?  Ho w m uch po we r sho uld the po lice have ?  Ho w do yo u co m plain if yo u think the g o ve rnm e nt has vio late d yo ur rig hts?  Are re strictio ns o n individualfre e do m s to pro m o te natio nal se curity justifie d.  What sho uld be the lim its o n artistic e xpre ssio n? (Bill He nso n case )  The individualand te chno lo g y-cybe r-bullying , privacy
  20. 20. PART III. LAW IN PRACTICE Issues that involve an Australian in a domestic jurisdiction, or Australian citizen(s) in another jurisdiction, focusing on the m e chanism s fo r achie ving justice and the re spo nsive ne ss o f the le g alsyste m when attempts are made to achieve justice. At le ast TWO co nte m po rary issue s should be studied. Students should synthesise information from a range of sources, including cases, legislation, the media and international instruments, to support a legal argument. Topics should extend particular areas of individual or group interests.  
  21. 21. THE LAW IN PRACTICE: QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED Case studie s o n justice – Do e s the le g alsyste m pro vide e q uality fo r all? Has the le g alsyste m be e n ade q uate ly re spo nsive in de aling with the issue o f vio le nce ag ainst wo m e n? Ho w do we cate r fo r the m e ntally illwithin the crim inaljustice syste m ?
  22. 22. HSC: WHAT IS STUDIED: CRIME 30% OF COURSE TIME (SEE PAGES 17-19 SYLLABUS) Core Part I: Crime    The nature o f crim e  The crim inalinve stig atio n pro ce ss  The crim inaltrialpro ce ss  Se nte ncing and punishm e nt  Yo ung o ffe nde rs  Inte rnatio nalcrim e
  23. 23. SOME OF THE QUESTIONS ASKED What ro le do e s the m e dia play in se tting o ur attitude s to crim e ? Why do e s so cie ty’s pe rce ptio n what is a crim e chang e o ve r tim e ? Why do we have de fe nce s to crim inalcharg e s? What facto rs sho uld be take n into acco unt in se nte ncing crim inals? Is se nding pe o ple to priso n the m o st e ffe ctive way o f de aling with crim e ?
  25. 25. RESOURCING CRIME •The Bure au o f Crim e Statistics and Re se arch is a fantastic resource for your students. •Remember the rubric rewards references to case studies, legislation and crime statistics. •The Media releases in particular are simple and easy to digest. •As Itell mystudents: StayCalmandQuoteDon! •
  27. 27. RESOURCING CRIME For example, studies I’ve used recently are: The Effe ct o f Yo uth Justice Co nfe re ncing o n Re -o ffe nding Yo uth Justice Co nfe re ncing v The Childre n’s Co urt: A co m pariso n o f Co st e ffe ctive ne ss The e ffe ct o f lo ck-o ut laws and assault rate s aro und Sydne y (March 20 1 7 ) Im pact o n NSW BailAct 20 1 3 o n tre nds in bail(Se pte m be r 20 1 6 ) Indig e no us Crim e and Im priso nm e nt (Se pte m be r 20 1 6 )
  29. 29. RESOURCING CRIME •Documentaries & media clips: •4 Co rne rs •Australian Sto ry •6 0 Minute s •Ne ws re po rts •7 . 30 Re po rt •Media articles – look for plain English explanations of law
  30. 30. RESOURCING CRIME: POLICE POWERS for-tasering-14yo/4369976 police-misuse-tasers/4330470 Again, I would suggest these sorts of case studies are also relevant for the Preliminary topic Individual and the law.
  31. 31. RESOURCING CRIME Legal Studies Lifeline: 2012Volume5, No. 9: Rv Marcus JohnLee[2012NSWSC 1240) SentencingPrinciples 2012Volume5, No. 10: Continueddetentionto beextendedto highriskviolent offenders 2016Volume9, No. 10: Silvav R(2016) NSWCCA (conviction appeal) Note that Legal Studies Lifeline is an excellent resource for all Legal Studies topics.
  32. 32. HSC CORE PART II: HUMAN RIGHTS (PAGES 20-21)     The nature and development of human rights: de finitio ns o f hum an rig hts and the de ve lo pm e nt o f hum an rig hts o ve r tim e   Promoting and enforcing human rights: Ho w are hum an rig hts pro m o te d and pro te cte d at bo th an inte rnatio naland do m e stic le ve l   Contemporary issue: case studie s o f co nte m po rary hum an rig hts issue s and the e ffe ctive ne ss o f le g aland no n-le g al m e asure s fo r de aling with the m .
  33. 33. HUMAN RIGHTS: ISSUES AND QUESTIONS ASKED What are hum an rig hts? Ho w do we try to pro te ct the m ? Why is it so m e tim e s difficult to balance co m pe ting rig hts? Do e s Australia have ade q uate hum an rig hts pro te ctio n? Ho w e ffe ctive has the le g alsyste m be e n in addre ssing hum an rig hts abuse s in child pro stitutio n, the trafficking o f se x-slave s to Australia and ke e ping childre n in de te ntio n
  34. 34. SOME SUGGESTED IDEAS FOR CONTEMPORARY ISSUES STUDIES g e no cide tre atm e nt o f re fug e e s/asylum se e ke rs child so ldie rs abuse o f childre n to rture capitalpunishm e nt arbitrary de te ntio n hum an trafficking and slave ry lim itatio ns o n fre e spe e ch.
  35. 35. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES Topics for debate include: The ro le o f the law in pro te cting wo m e n and childre n fro m se xual slave ry
  36. 36. RESOURCING HUMAN RIGHTS Human Rights Watch Amnesty International YouTube channel Australian Human Rights Commission United Nations Human Rights
  37. 37. HSC COURSE PART III: OPTIONS (25% 0F COURSE TIME EACH) (PAGES 22-35)   Choose Two   Consumers Global environmental protection Fam ily Indigenous peoples Shelter Workplace Wo rld o rde r Fam ily, Co nsum e rs and Wo rld O rde r tend to be the three most popular options.
  38. 38. FAMILY  Ho w do we de fine ‘a fam ily’ and ho w is this chang ing o ve r tim e ?  Sho uld sam e -se x co uple s be able to m arry and ado pt childre n?  Ho w do we pro te ct childre n fro m vio le nce and abuse ?  Ho w do we pro m o te the be st inte re sts o f childre n if the ir pare nts bre ak up?
  39. 39. WORLD ORDER: ISSUES AND CONCERNS  Is wo rld pe ace and o rde r re ally po ssible ?  Ho w do e s the Unite d Natio ns try to achie ve wo rld o rde r and what are its lim itatio ns?  Whe n can co untrie s use fo rce in inte rnatio nalre latio ns?  Why do e s the wo rld co m m unity inte rve ne to pre ve nt so m e co nflicts and no t o the rs? Iraq v Africa.
  40. 40. WORLD ORDER
  42. 42. TEXTBOOKS
  43. 43. STUDY GUIDES