Changing Demographics of Immigrants in the Southeast*<br />Katharine M. Donato, Ph.D.<br />Vanderbilt University<br />Depa...
Overview<br />Dramatic demographic change has occurred in the US Southeast<br />
Between 2000 & 2009: More Growth in SE than in US<br />Foreign Born Population<br />  2009   2000  % Increase<br />United ...
Growth among Largest 8 National Origins in SE<br />Foreign Born Population<br />  2009   2000  % Increase<br />Mexico	    ...
Growth among Next Largest8 National Origins in SE <br />Foreign Born Population<br />  2009   2000  % Increase<br />Hondur...
Growth among Next Largest8 National Origins in SE<br />Foreign Born Population<br />  2009   2000  % Increase<br />Ethiopi...
Variation in National Origins by Race/Ethnicity <br />Immigrants represent much larger share of Hispanics and Asians in SE...
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
How are Immigrants Concentrated in SE Metro Areas? Examine Largest Metros of Different Immigrant Groups<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
Demographic Change in SE<br />Since 2000 big growth in immigrants<br />Some national origins are larger, and some growing ...
Poverty Status of Children by Nativity & Place<br />
Poverty Profile is Mixed<br />Among Hispanics in US and SE, immigrant children more likely to live in poverty (but US born...
What about Education?<br />Paper to be released this week from Brookings shows a diverse skill profile of immigrants in SE...
Of top 100 Metro Areas in SE, All but One have Balanced Immigrant Skill Ratio<br />Source:  Singer & colleagues, Brookings...
Summary<br />Substantial growth of immigrants in SE<br />Many different origin groups<br />Foreign born represent more tha...
Contact Information<br />If you need/want more information, please contact:<br />Katharine M. Donato, Ph.D.<br />Departmen...
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Overview of the Southeastern United States

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Katharine M. Donato is a professor and chair of Sociology at Vanderbilt University, and editor of American Sociological Review. Her research interests include international migration between Mexico and the United States, immigrants in new U.S. gateway cities, social determinants of immigrant health, and ethnic and gender inequality. She is one of the editors of a 2010 volume entitled Continental Divides: International Migration in the Americas, published in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

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  • Example interpretation: Just over 50% of the SE region Hispanics are US born, compared to over 60% of Hispanics in the US as a whole.
  • Example interpretation: The bar for Atlanta indicates that almost 30% of the Mexicans living in the SE region reside in the Atlanta metro area. Also, the bar indicates that there are 177,000 Mexican-born living in the Atlanta metro area. The bar for Birmingham, AL indicates that only 2.5% of the total SE region’s Mexican born residents live in Birmingham, and that only 15,000 MX born live in the Birmingham metro area.
  • Example interpretation: In Georgia, almost 50% of the FB Hispanics under the age of 18 live in households with income under the poverty line, compared to 40% of the US born Hispanics in Georgia.
  • Overview of the Southeastern United States

    1. 1. Changing Demographics of Immigrants in the Southeast*<br />Katharine M. Donato, Ph.D.<br />Vanderbilt University<br />Department of Sociology<br />Prepared for the Four Freedoms Fund Tour of Southeast, June 6, 2011<br />
    2. 2. Overview<br />Dramatic demographic change has occurred in the US Southeast<br />
    3. 3. Between 2000 & 2009: More Growth in SE than in US<br />Foreign Born Population<br /> 2009 2000 % Increase<br />United States 37,440,696 30,377,745 23% (~7M)<br />SE Region 3,148,043 2,088,246 51% (~2M)<br />Southeast: Excludes Florida<br />Source: 2000 US Census, 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    4. 4. Growth among Largest 8 National Origins in SE<br />Foreign Born Population<br /> 2009 2000 % Increase<br />Mexico 625,696 381,094 64% (~245K)<br />India 188,367 93,824 101% (~95K)<br />Germany 182,888 171,886 6% (~11K)<br />El Salvador 134,905 81,453 66% (~53K)<br />Korea 125,144 71,760 74% (~53K)<br />Vietnam 120,221 101,749 18% (~18K)<br />Philippines 96,069 69,981 37% (~26K)<br />China 92,269 50,530 83% (~42K)<br />Source: 2000 US Census, 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    5. 5. Growth among Next Largest8 National Origins in SE <br />Foreign Born Population<br /> 2009 2000 % Increase<br />Honduras 80,853 37,558 115% (~43K)<br />Guatemala 79,881 34,716 130% (~45K)<br />Canada 72,447 63,225 15% (~9K)<br />Japan 59,626 47,900 24% (~12K)<br />Jamaica 51,406 27,111 90% (~24K)<br />Colombia 46,303 29,682 56% (~17K)<br />Peru 40,399 20,470 97% (~20K)<br />Pakistan 36,497 25,408 44% (~11K)<br />Note: Excludes England<br />Source: 2000 US Census, 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    6. 6. Growth among Next Largest8 National Origins in SE<br />Foreign Born Population<br /> 2009 2000 % Increase<br />Ethiopia 36,279 14,995 142% (~21K)<br />Brazil 35,080 12,817 174% (~22K)<br />Cuba 30,117 22,891 32% (~7K)<br />Nigeria 29,614 19,672 51% (~10K)<br />Iran 27,933 23,347 20% (~5K)<br />Thailand 25,167 14,190 77% (~11K)<br />USSR/Russia 24,891 16,219 53% (~9K)<br />Bolivia 24,864 16,628 50% (~50K)<br />Source: 2000 US Census, 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    7. 7. Variation in National Origins by Race/Ethnicity <br />Immigrants represent much larger share of Hispanics and Asians in SE<br />Half or more are foreign born in SE<br />
    8. 8. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    9. 9. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    10. 10. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    11. 11. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    12. 12. How are Immigrants Concentrated in SE Metro Areas? Examine Largest Metros of Different Immigrant Groups<br />
    13. 13. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    14. 14. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    15. 15. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    16. 16. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    17. 17. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    18. 18. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    19. 19. Source: 2009 American Community Survey<br />
    20. 20. Demographic Change in SE<br />Since 2000 big growth in immigrants<br />Some national origins are larger, and some growing at faster rates <br />Hispanics & Asians in SE have disproportionately more foreign born (50% or more)<br />Many SE cities have diverse groups of immigrants<br />Final slides describe socioeconomic profile of immigrants in SE, using rates of child poverty and education<br />
    21. 21. Poverty Status of Children by Nativity & Place<br />
    22. 22.
    23. 23.
    24. 24.
    25. 25.
    26. 26. Poverty Profile is Mixed<br />Among Hispanics in US and SE, immigrant children more likely to live in poverty (but US born children are more likely in NC and SC)<br />Likely due to more mixed status families in some states<br />Among African Americans, US born children more likely to live in poverty<br />Among Asians/MEs & Whites, immigrant children more likely to live in poverty<br />
    27. 27. What about Education?<br />Paper to be released this week from Brookings shows a diverse skill profile of immigrants in SE<br />Of the top 100 metros in the SE, all but one are high/balanced skill destinations<br />
    28. 28. Of top 100 Metro Areas in SE, All but One have Balanced Immigrant Skill Ratio<br />Source: Singer & colleagues, Brookings Release, June 9, 2011<br />
    29. 29. Summary<br />Substantial growth of immigrants in SE<br />Many different origin groups<br />Foreign born represent more than half of all Asians and Hispanics in many SE destinations<br />Some SE metros have very diverse immigrant groups <br />Rates of child poverty are higher for immigrant children among Whites, Asians, and among Hispanics in some SE cities<br />But educational profile suggests immigrants in all/most SE metros have balanced skill ratio<br />
    30. 30. Contact Information<br />If you need/want more information, please contact:<br />Katharine M. Donato, Ph.D.<br />Department of Sociology<br />Vanderbilt University<br />katharine.donato@vanderbilt.edu<br />(615) 322-7500<br />Thank you!<br />

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