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Patterns and trends in
child obesity
A presentation of the latest data on child obesity
Updated June 2017
Prevalence of excess weight among children
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
2 Patterns and trends in child obesity...
Prevalence of obesity among children
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
3 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child...
BMI status of children by age
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
4 Patterns and trends in child obesity
This analysi...
5 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Prevalence of overweight and obesity
Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforE...
Trend in the prevalence of obesity
Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015
6 Patterns and trends in ...
Trend in the prevalence of excess weight
Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015
7 Patterns and tren...
Trend in the prevalence of obesity and
excess weight
Childrenaged2-15years; HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015
8 Patterns and...
9 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference
Prevalence of obesit...
10 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference
95% confidence inte...
11 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference
95% confidence inte...
12 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference
Prevalence of...
13 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference
95% confidenc...
14 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference
95% confidenc...
BMI distribution: Reception children
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
15 Patterns and trends in child obesity
BMI ...
BMI distribution: Year 6 children
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
16 Patterns and trends in child obesity
BMI z s...
Obesity prevalence and deprivation
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16–Year6children
17 Patterns and trends in child ...
Obesity prevalence by deprivation decile
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
18 Patterns and trends in child obesity
...
19 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference
Obesity prevalence ...
Obesity prevalence by deprivation decile:
Year 6
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16
20 Patterns and trends ...
Obesity prevalence by household income
HealthSurveyforEngland2015
21 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child obesity: B...
Obesity prevalence by ethnic group: Reception
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
22 Patterns and trends in child obe...
Obesity prevalence by ethnic group: Year 6
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
23 Patterns and trends in child obesit...
Obesity prevalence by ethnic group
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
24 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Child ...
Obesity prevalence by region: Reception
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
25 Patterns and trends in child obesity
C...
Obesity prevalence by region: Year 6
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16
26 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Chil...
Trend in obesity prevalence by region: Reception
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme
27 Patterns and trends in child obesity...
Trend in obesity prevalence by region: Year 6
NationalChildMeasurementProgramme
28 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Ch...
29 Patterns and trends in child obesity
http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/national-child-measurement-programmeScreensho...
30 Patterns and trends in child obesity
http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/national-child-measurement-programmeScreensho...
Data sources
Health Survey for England (HSE)
http://content.digital.nhs.uk/healthsurveyengland
The HSE is a cross-sectiona...
For more information:
32 Patterns and trends in child obesity
Email: ncmp@phe.gov.uk
Twitter: @PHE_Obesity
33 Patterns and trends in child obesity
About Public Health England
Public Health England exists to protect and improve th...
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Patterns and trends in child obesity (June 2017)

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These slides present key data and information on child obesity and excess weight. They have been produced by the Obesity Risk Factors Intelligence team at PHE and can be used freely with acknowledgement to ‘Public Health England’.

These slides should be useful to practitioners and  policy makers working to tackle child obesity at local, regional and national level. For example they are regularly used to make the case for tackling obesity in presentations to health and wellbeing boards, other committees and to elected members as well as in regional and national conference and workshop presentations.

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Patterns and trends in child obesity (June 2017)

  1. 1. Patterns and trends in child obesity A presentation of the latest data on child obesity Updated June 2017
  2. 2. Prevalence of excess weight among children NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 2 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child overweight (including obesity)/ excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference One in five children in Reception is overweight or obese (boys 22.7%, girls 21.5%) One in three children in Year 6 is overweight or obese (boys 36.0%, girls 32.3%)
  3. 3. Prevalence of obesity among children NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 3 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference Around one in ten children in Reception is obese (boys 9.6%, girls 9.0%) Around one in five children in Year 6 is obese (boys 21.7%, girls 17.9%)
  4. 4. BMI status of children by age NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 4 Patterns and trends in child obesity This analysis uses the 2nd, 85th and 95th centiles of the British 1990 growth reference (UK90) for BMI to classify children as underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese. These thresholds are the most frequently used for population monitoring within England. Underweight 1.0% Healthy weight 76.9% Overweight 12.8% Obese 9.3% Reception (aged 4-5 years) Underweight 1.3% Healthy weight 64.5% Overweight 14.3% Obese 19.8% Year 6 (aged 10-11 years)
  5. 5. 5 Patterns and trends in child obesity Prevalence of overweight and obesity Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforEngland2013-2015 Child overweight BMI between ≥ 85th centile and <95th centile, child obesity BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 13.8% 14.6% 13.0% 16.7% 14.6% 20.0% 12.5% 17.6% 28.4% 34.6% 25.5% 34.2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 2-10 11-15 2-10 11-15 Boys Girls Obese Overweight
  6. 6. Trend in the prevalence of obesity Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015 6 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference. 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Prevalenceofobesity 11-15 2-10
  7. 7. Trend in the prevalence of excess weight Childrenaged2-10and11-15years;HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015 7 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference. 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Prevalenceofexcessweight 11-15 2-10
  8. 8. Trend in the prevalence of obesity and excess weight Childrenaged2-15years; HealthSurveyforEngland1995-2015 8 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child excess weight BMI ≥ 85th centile, child obesity BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference. 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Excess weight Obesity
  9. 9. 9 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference Prevalence of obesity by age and sex NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 Obesityprevalence Year 6 boys Year 6 girls Reception boys Reception girls
  10. 10. 10 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart Prevalence of obesity by sex: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 10.7% 9.1% 10.4% 8.8% 10.3% 8.9% 10.5% 9.2% 10.1% 8.8% 9.9% 9.0% 9.7% 8.8% 9.9% 9.0% 9.5% 8.7% 9.6% 9.0% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% Reception boys Reception girls Obesityprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  11. 11. 11 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart Prevalence of obesity by sex: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 19.0% 15.8% 20.0% 16.6% 20.0% 16.5% 20.4% 17.0% 20.6% 17.4% 20.7% 17.7% 20.4% 17.4% 20.8% 17.3% 20.7% 17.4% 21.7% 17.9% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Year 6 boys Year 6 girls Obesityprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  12. 12. 12 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference Prevalence of excess weight by age and sex NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 Excessweightprevalence Year 6 boys Year 6 girls Reception boys Reception girls
  13. 13. 13 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart Prevalence of excess weight by sex: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 24.3% 21.5% 24.0% 21.1% 24.0% 21.5% 24.3% 21.8% 23.9% 21.3% 23.5% 21.6% 23.2% 21.2% 23.4% 21.6% 22.6% 21.2% 22.7% 21.5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Reception boys Reception girls Excessweightprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  14. 14. 14 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child excess weight: BMI ≥ 85th centile of the UK90 growth reference 95% confidence intervals are displayed on the chart Prevalence of excess weight by sex: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 33.2% 30.0% 34.3% 30.7% 34.5% 30.7% 35.0% 31.6% 34.9% 31.8% 35.4% 32.4% 34.8% 31.8% 35.2% 31.7% 34.9% 31.5% 36.0% 32.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Year 6 boys Year 6 girls Excessweightprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  15. 15. BMI distribution: Reception children NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 15 Patterns and trends in child obesity BMI z score Girls Boys 1990 baseline 2nd centile 85th centile 91st centile 95th centile 98th centile
  16. 16. BMI distribution: Year 6 children NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 16 Patterns and trends in child obesity BMI z score Girls Boys 1990 baseline 2nd centile 85th centile 91st centile 95th centile 98th centile
  17. 17. Obesity prevalence and deprivation NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16–Year6children 17 Patterns and trends in child obesity Local authorities in England Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference y = 0.0037x + 0.1129 R² = 0.6346 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Obesityprevalence Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 score (High score = more deprived)
  18. 18. Obesity prevalence by deprivation decile NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 18 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 26.0% 24.9% 23.7% 21.9% 19.9% 18.1% 17.0% 15.6% 14.0% 11.7% 12.5% 11.7% 10.9% 9.8% 9.2% 8.4% 7.7% 7.1% 6.8% 5.5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Most deprived Least deprived Obesityprevalence Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 decile Year 6 Reception
  19. 19. 19 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference Obesity prevalence by deprivation decile: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% Most deprived Least deprived Obesityprevalence Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD 2010) decile 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  20. 20. Obesity prevalence by deprivation decile: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2006/07to2015/16 20 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Most deprived Least deprived Obesityprevalence Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD 2010) decile 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  21. 21. Obesity prevalence by household income HealthSurveyforEngland2015 21 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 18.0% 16.0% 12.8% 9.2% 9.2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% Lowest Highest Obesityprevalence Equivalised household income quintile
  22. 22. Obesity prevalence by ethnic group: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 22 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 9% 9% 10% 8% 11% 13% 11% 12% 17% 14% 12% 9% 8% 9% 7% 10% 10% 9% 12% 17% 14% 9% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% WhiteBritish Whiteother Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Asianother BlackCaribbean BlackAfrican Blackother Anyotherethnicgroup WhiteBritish Whiteother Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Asianother BlackCaribbean BlackAfrican Blackother Anyotherethnicgroup Boys Girls Obesityprevalence
  23. 23. Obesity prevalence by ethnic group: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 23 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 19% 25% 23% 26% 29% 33% 28% 28% 29% 26% 28% 16% 18% 21% 17% 22% 22% 18% 31% 29% 26% 20% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% WhiteBritish Whiteother Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Asianother BlackCaribbean BlackAfrican Blackother Anyotherethnicgroup WhiteBritish Whiteother Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Asianother BlackCaribbean BlackAfrican Blackother Anyotherethnicgroup Boys Girls Obesityprevalence
  24. 24. Obesity prevalence by ethnic group NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 24 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference Children in Reception (aged 4-5 years) Children in Year 6 (aged 10-11 years) 9.3% 11.2% 7.3% 14.1% 16.6% 12.1% 9.7% 11.6% 10.4% 7.3% 9.3% 6.8% 13.3% 11.3% 8.6% 9.1% 8.8% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% Not stated Any other ethnic group Chinese Black other Black African Black Caribbean Asian other Bangladeshi Pakistani Indian Mixed other Mixed: White and Asian Mixed: White and Black African Mixed: White and Black Caribbean White other White Irish White British Obesity prevalence 20.0% 25.6% 17.2% 26.0% 29.4% 29.3% 23.0% 27.4% 25.7% 21.5% 21.5% 18.4% 24.7% 25.1% 21.5% 17.8% 17.9% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Not stated Any other ethnic group Chinese Black other Black African Black Caribbean Asian other Bangladeshi Pakistani Indian Mixed other Mixed: White and Asian Mixed: White and Black African Mixed: White and Black Caribbean White other White Irish White British Obesity prevalence
  25. 25. Obesity prevalence by region: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 25 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 9.3% 10.7% 10.4% 10.2% 9.8% 9.4% 9.1% 8.5% 8.3% 8.1% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% ENGLAND North East West Midlands London North West Yorkshire and The Humber East Midlands South West East of England South East Obesityprevalence
  26. 26. Obesity prevalence by region: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme2015/16 26 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 19.8% 23.2% 22.4% 22.1% 20.6% 20.3% 19.0% 17.6% 17.1% 16.3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% ENGLAND London North East West Midlands North West Yorkshire and The Humber East Midlands East of England South West South East Obesityprevalence
  27. 27. Trend in obesity prevalence by region: Reception NationalChildMeasurementProgramme 27 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% ENGLAND North East West Midlands London North West Yorkshire and The Humber East Midlands South West East of England South East Obesityprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  28. 28. Trend in obesity prevalence by region: Year 6 NationalChildMeasurementProgramme 28 Patterns and trends in child obesity Child obesity: BMI ≥ 95th centile of the UK90 growth reference 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% ENGLAND London North East West Midlands North West Yorkshire and The Humber East Midlands East of England South East South West Obesityprevalence 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16
  29. 29. 29 Patterns and trends in child obesity http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/national-child-measurement-programmeScreenshot of webpage
  30. 30. 30 Patterns and trends in child obesity http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/national-child-measurement-programmeScreenshot of webpage
  31. 31. Data sources Health Survey for England (HSE) http://content.digital.nhs.uk/healthsurveyengland The HSE is a cross-sectional survey which samples a representative proportion of the population. The next report on the HSE 2016 is due to be published online in December 2017. The data should be available from the UK Data Archive in the spring following publication of the report. National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) http://content.digital.nhs.uk/ncmp The NCMP is an annual programme that measures the height and weight of children in Reception (aged 4-5 years) and Year 6 (aged 10-11 years) in England. Although the NCMP only covers certain age groups, it includes the majority of children in those year groups. The participation rate in 2015/16 was 94.8%. NHS Digital will report NCMP data for the 2015/16 school year in November 2017. 31 Patterns and trends in child obesity
  32. 32. For more information: 32 Patterns and trends in child obesity Email: ncmp@phe.gov.uk Twitter: @PHE_Obesity
  33. 33. 33 Patterns and trends in child obesity About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-class science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery of specialist public health services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health, and are a distinct delivery organisation with operational autonomy to advise and support government, local authorities and the NHS in a professionally independent manner Public Health England Wellington House 133-155 Waterloo Road London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk @PHE_Obesity Facebook: www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland © Crown copyright 2017 You may re-use this information (excluding logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0. To view this licence, visit https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government- licence/version/3/ or email psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. Published June 2017 PHE publications gateway number: 2017021

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