VCE psychology - behaviour not dependent on learning - see my Youtube file for video
Learning Definition – key descriptors Relatively permanent Learning: is a relatively permanent Result of experience change in behaviour that occurs as a result of experience• It is ongoing• It can be modified Maturation Reflex Behaviour not dependent on learning F.A.P
Reflex – key descriptors• automatic behaviour response• does not require prior experience – Maturation• Is a simple response (as opposed to F.A.P)• Generally are protective aid survival• E.g. eye blink,• Many disappear shortly after birth sucking reflex Reflex: is an inborn automatic (involuntary) behaviouralresponse (movement) which occurs the same way (every time) in response to a stimulus
Fixed Action PatternsKey descriptors1. are inborn predispositions2. in response to a specific environmental stimulus3. characteristic of a species• often complex responses• All members of the species produce behaviour• They can’t be ‘Unlearned’ or it F.A.P: is an inborn predisposition to is very difficult to change. behave in a certain way response to a• Higher order animals (humans) specific environmental stimulus that is have few if any instinctive characteristic of a species or group. behaviours• E.g. Salmon swimming upstream to spawn
Reflexes vs F.A.P’s F.A.P’s ReflexesResponse A complex series of responses Simple e.g. bower birds building e.g a blink a nest out of blue objectsBehaviour Species specific The same reflex can occur for different Only Bower birds, build species i.e. blinking from nests using blue a puff of dust in the eye. materials
Behaviour dependent on MaturationKey descriptors• sequential changes the body is genetically predetermined• controlled by genetic inheritance• Responses appear at Maturation: refers to sequential changes predictable times that the body is genetically programmed• E.g crawling, then standing, to make at predetermined times. then walking, etc.