Partnership as the driver of effective R&D and innovation DG Research, European Commission 31 March 2009
Context: evolution of EU research policy <ul><li>Broader range, more ambitious objectives </li></ul><ul><li>- key element ...
Research policy developments <ul><li>Ljubljana Process </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a well-organised partnership between t...
Developing partnerships:  ERA initiatives <ul><li>ERA building-blocks </li></ul><ul><li>5 initiatives establishing common ...
Developing partnerships:  JTIs / 1 <ul><li>JTI objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen Europe’s position as technologicall...
Developing partnerships:  JTIs / 2 <ul><li>Implementing strategic research agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of European ...
Developing partnerships:  JTIs / 3 <ul><li>High political visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Undertakings set up under Art...
Developing partnerships:  JTIs /4 <ul><li>Five JTIs adopted (2008-2017) </li></ul><ul><li>Total Budget EU contribution </l...
Developing partnerships:  JTIs / 5 <ul><li>Common features of JTIs </li></ul><ul><li>Founding members </li></ul><ul><li>- ...
Developing partnerships:  Recovery Package PPPs / 1 <ul><li>Three PPPs </li></ul><ul><li>Energy-Efficient Buildings  — €1 ...
Developing partnerships:  Recovery Package PPPs / 2 <ul><li>Dialogue with industry </li></ul><ul><li>European Technology P...
Learning from experience:  FP7 Monitoring Report  (mainly 2007) <ul><li>Based on performance indicators (a first!) </li></...
Learning from experience:  FP6 ex-post evaluation <ul><li>Prepared by independent expert panel </li></ul><ul><li>Unprecede...
What’s going on in the S&T system: Key Figures <ul><li>Encouraging signs:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing pool of researche...
Challenges <ul><li>BUT: </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in research is stagnant (though much diversity at national level) </l...
 
Economic crisis <ul><li>Does not change our view of ERA priorities  </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact on R&D spending very...
We need a more research and innovation intensive, integrated and attractive  E uropean   R esearch   A rea E xcellent  R e...
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Partnership as the driver of R&D and innovation

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Partnership as the driver of R&D and innovation

  1. 1. Partnership as the driver of effective R&D and innovation DG Research, European Commission 31 March 2009
  2. 2. Context: evolution of EU research policy <ul><li>Broader range, more ambitious objectives </li></ul><ul><li>- key element in reformed Lisbon Strategy for growth and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>- key to realising an open and competitive European Research Area (ERA) </li></ul><ul><li>- key component of Broad-based Innovation Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Wider range of instruments </li></ul><ul><li> - FP7, CIP, Structural Funds </li></ul><ul><li> - Common frameworks for voluntary coordination </li></ul><ul><li> - Legislative measures </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger links between research and other policies </li></ul><ul><li>- Knowledge triangle: Research-Innovation-Education </li></ul><ul><li>- Research policy contributing to innovation, energy, environment … </li></ul><ul><li>- Policies improving research framework conditions (e.g. IPR, fiscal, employment) </li></ul><ul><li>Range of new initiatives recently launched </li></ul><ul><li>- Horizontal (ERA): improve research systems and allocation of resources </li></ul><ul><li>- Thematic / multi-thematic: low-carbon energy (SET Plan), EIT, Lead Markets … </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research policy developments <ul><li>Ljubljana Process </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a well-organised partnership between the Member States, Associated States and the Commission to exchange information and steer ERA initiatives in a coherent manner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A common long-term vision for the future of ERA as the basis for future actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective governance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ERA Vision 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>- long-term view of the direction for European research </li></ul><ul><li>“ By 2020, all actors fully benefit from the ‘ Fifth Freedom’ across the ERA: free circulation of researchers, knowledge and technology. The ERA provides attractive conditions and effective and efficient governance for doing research and investing in R&D intensive sectors in Europe. It creates strong added value by fostering healthy, Europe-wide scientific competition whilst ensuring the appropriate level of cooperation and coordination. It is responsive to the needs and ambitions of citizens and effectively contributes to the sustainable development and competitiveness of Europe .” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Developing partnerships: ERA initiatives <ul><li>ERA building-blocks </li></ul><ul><li>5 initiatives establishing common frameworks for coordination </li></ul><ul><li>between national research policies, covering: </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the career prospects and mobility of researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Joint programming and pooling of public resources focusing on key societal challenges </li></ul><ul><li>The creation and operation of new pan-European research infrastructures (a new legal framework) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased knowledge transfer between PROs and industry (with a code of practice for IP management by PROs) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing EU and national S&T cooperation with other countries and regions of the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. Developing partnerships: JTIs / 1 <ul><li>JTI objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen Europe’s position as technologically innovative economy </li></ul><ul><li>Support trans-national co-operation in fields of key importance for industrial research </li></ul><ul><li>Respond to industry needs </li></ul><ul><li>Build on European Technology Platforms (ETPs) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Developing partnerships: JTIs / 2 <ul><li>Implementing strategic research agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of European Technology Platforms </li></ul><ul><li> Research agendas implemented via FP7 </li></ul><ul><li>In some cases (scale, resources, leverage…) </li></ul><ul><li> Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Developing partnerships: JTIs / 3 <ul><li>High political visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Undertakings set up under Article 171 of the Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Community may set up joint undertakings or any other structure necessary for the efficient execution of Community research, technological development and demonstration programmes.” </li></ul><ul><li>Council adopts Regulation and Statutes for each JTI. European Parliament and Economic & Social Committee consulted. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Developing partnerships: JTIs /4 <ul><li>Five JTIs adopted (2008-2017) </li></ul><ul><li>Total Budget EU contribution </li></ul><ul><li>(€ billions) (€ billions) </li></ul><ul><li>IMI 2.0 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>CleanSky 1.6 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>ARTEMIS 2.7 0.4 </li></ul><ul><li>ENIAC 3.0 0.45 </li></ul><ul><li>FCH 1.0 0.5 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Developing partnerships: JTIs / 5 <ul><li>Common features of JTIs </li></ul><ul><li>Founding members </li></ul><ul><li>- European Community (represented by Commission) </li></ul><ul><li>- Industry </li></ul><ul><li>+ EU Member States in case of ARTEMIS and ENIAC </li></ul><ul><li>Public contribution: 50% maximum </li></ul><ul><li>Calls: open </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 10 years </li></ul>
  10. 10. Developing partnerships: Recovery Package PPPs / 1 <ul><li>Three PPPs </li></ul><ul><li>Energy-Efficient Buildings — €1 billion </li></ul><ul><li>- RTD in green tech, energy-efficient systems and materials </li></ul><ul><li>- regulatory and standardisation component </li></ul><ul><li>- procurement network of regional and local authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Factories of the Future — €1.2 billion </li></ul><ul><li>- RTD in cross-sectoral technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Green Cars — €1 billion + €4 billion economic measures </li></ul><ul><li>- RTD in broad range of tech & smart energy infrastructures </li></ul>
  11. 11. Developing partnerships: Recovery Package PPPs / 2 <ul><li>Dialogue with industry </li></ul><ul><li>European Technology Platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Ad hoc industrial advisory groups </li></ul><ul><li>Industry representatives of sectors linked to PPPs </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation approach </li></ul><ul><li>Quick-start use of existing instruments: cross-thematic calls under FP7 </li></ul><ul><li>Explore options for later stage (including JTIs) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Learning from experience: FP7 Monitoring Report (mainly 2007) <ul><li>Based on performance indicators (a first!) </li></ul><ul><li>23 000 applications, 2800 proposals retained, €5.7 billion Community funding requested </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector strong in ICT, nanotech, energy, transport, space and security </li></ul><ul><li>Academia strong in health, food, environment, social sciences and humanities </li></ul><ul><li>Very high quality of evaluation process (rated by participants) </li></ul><ul><li>Progress in simplifying procedures </li></ul>
  13. 13. Learning from experience: FP6 ex-post evaluation <ul><li>Prepared by independent expert panel </li></ul><ul><li>Unprecedently wide evidence-base </li></ul><ul><li>“ Overall achievement of FP6 very considerable” </li></ul><ul><li>Very mixed story concerning overall design, implementation and management </li></ul><ul><li>Commission preparing a detailed response </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish evaluation of FPs 4 to 6 a valuable input </li></ul>
  14. 14. What’s going on in the S&T system: Key Figures <ul><li>Encouraging signs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing pool of researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU more attractive to foreign researchers and inwards investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU still ranks as world’s largest producer of scientific knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Challenges <ul><li>BUT: </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in research is stagnant (though much diversity at national level) </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector investment intensity still too low </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D funded by private sector (%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU-27 55 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US 64 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan 75 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China 65 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Economic crisis <ul><li>Does not change our view of ERA priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact on R&D spending very likely </li></ul><ul><li>Private investment in high-tech SMEs likely to be cut / refocused on short-term priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on public R&D budgets still unclear </li></ul><ul><li>Counter-cyclical role of public support for R&D very important </li></ul>
  17. 18. We need a more research and innovation intensive, integrated and attractive E uropean R esearch A rea E xcellent R esearch A ttracts http:// ec.europa.eu /research/era

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