Data cabling in offices


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Confused about data cabling in your office? Take a look at our straightforward guide. It explains all the need to know parts.

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Data cabling in offices

  1. 1. How does datacabling work inthe office?Discover the 4 key parts of datacabling and how they work togetherto keep your office working
  2. 2. Maybe you’re thinking about moving offices.Or, perhaps, you need to upgrade your currentoffice to match your current needs. One of thekey elements you might need to undertake isoften overlooked: provisioning for data pointswithin your new space.If you are curious as to how it all works, here’sour guide to the different parts of data cabling# 1: Computer / Telephone Data ConnectionThis is where you plug in your data cable into your computer. If youare in an office, this cable may enable you to get your data from yourServer, and perhaps even your internet. Occasionally, your computermay be connected to your telephone via a data cable before beingconnected to a data port in the floor or on the wall.#2: Data PointThis is where the data cable – CAT5 cable – that is connected to yourcomputer or telephone goes into the wall. They typically come in
  3. 3. gangs of 2, but the ones pictured here are a gang of 4 stacked on topof one another. They usually also have a label on top of each port,and there is more on that next.#3 Patch PanelSo, all the wires that come from the data point terminate here. This isknown as a patch panel, because you can then patch your ITequipment from here to the computer it needs to talk to, withouthaving to run a long cable from the network equipment to thecomputer you are working on.Again, all the ports here are labelled, usually with a number. You willfind that for every port that comes out of a wall, there is a port hereon the patch panel. They will have the same number or label, so youknow where they lead to. The cabling company will do this labellingfor you.
  4. 4. As you may have guessed, the picture on the previous page, isn’t asneat as it could be. The picture below here is what your patch panelcould look like if sorted by a professional IT support company.So, how do you get all these ports and tangle of cables to talktogether in a network? You will need a switch...#4: SwitchWhat is a Switch? Simply put, it is a network device that enables yourIT equipment to talk to one another. Think of it as a roundabout withtraffic lights. It allows cars to get to where they want to go, withoutcrashing into each other. Except in this case the car is actually data.It’s called a Switch because it “switches” the path of the data toensure it gets to the right destination.Switches come in many shapes and forms, and you can even getsmart switches that add even more functionality to your network.It’s a bit tricky to see the Switch when it’s all plugged up so here’s oneon the left that’s just out of the box.
  5. 5. So, how does this all fit together?Your PC on your desk may be connected to your handset, which isthen connected to a data port in the wall or floor. This is thenmagically connected to your patch panel in your comms room. Fromhere, the leads from the patch panel are connected to your Switch.Other network equipment is also connected to your Switch, such asyour Firewall, Router and Server. And that’s how you link everythingup in your office!So, there you have it. There are of course other elements that makeup your network, such as a Server, Router and Firewall, and they toocan be plugged in to your Switch and Patch Panel. If you have anyquestions, please do not hesitate to get in touch and one of the teamwill be happy to help. 043 4390