Digital Documents, Histories and Archives in the 21st century
Digital documents,histories, and archives inthe 21st centuryTiffany Chao & Claudia Serbanuta21 September 2012, Archives, history and politics in Romania during the XIX-XXIcenturies
Overview2 The archival space Information communication in the digital age: emergence of social media use Case: PMAN archive Short documents as archival documents Future directions: a growing community of practice
Changes in the archives 3 Shift in archival collection: hybrid format collections Analog Digitized Born-digital Shift in archival practice Increased community-based and personal digital archiving effortsGutenberg bible image (http://www.xconomy.com/wordpress/wp-content/images/2008/04/gutenberg_bible. jpg); ‘September 11 Digital Archive’ screenshot (http://911digitalarchive.org/); H.R.Tibbo, ‘On the Nature and Importance of Archiving in the Digital Age,’ Advances in Computers, vol. 57 (2003), 1-67.
The digital information world 4 New technologies contribute to ubiquitous information distribution Information is dynamic: instantaneously created and changed Influenced the rise of social media applications to coordinate and communicate across geographic barriers Social media space Low barrier to use Popularity amongst research scholars in use and studyMason, R., & Rennie, F. (2007). Using Web 2.0 for learning in the community. The Internet and higher education, 10(3), 196–203.; Java, A., Song, X., Finin, T., & Tseng, B. (2007). Why we twitter: understanding microbloggingusage and communities. Proceedings of the 9th WebKDD and 1st SNA-KDD 2007 workshop on Web mining and social network analysis (pp. 56–65).;Caron, Daniel J. and Richard Brown. “The Documentary Moment in the Digital Age: Establishing New ValuePropositions for Public Memory.” Archivaria 71.; Costello, K.L., & Priem, J. (2011). Archiving scholars’ tweets. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Society of American Archivists Research Forum. Chicago, IL: Society of American Archivists, 2011.
Social media output: new archival documents?6 Short documents (i.e. microblog content) Brief text phrases Embedded metadata Abundant in number Active documentation Why are these short documents worth preserving over time? …PMAN Archive Bermingham, A., & Smeaton, A. F. (2010). Classifying sentiment in microblogs: is brevity an advantage? Proceedings of the 19th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management (pp. 1833–1836). Retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1871741; http://blog.twitter.com/2012/03/twitter-turns-six.html
PMAN Archive7 April 7, 2009 Piata Marii Adunari Nationale in Chisinau - #PMAN on Twitter In 4 days, 24,052 short messages with the ‘#pman’ tag were posted by ~1,851 users ~42MB of XML data Twitter user: @evisoft
PMAN Archive (contd.)9 One event captured from multiple perspectives Protesters from Chisinau International observers Romanian speaking observers Western media Romanian media Romanian cultural references surface in these documents 1989 Revolution
The value of short documents10 Illuminate numerous individual perspectives regarding societal topics, events, issues, etc. Limited narrative by traditional media outlets Recognize trends and patterns in behavior and attitudes through analytical tools Provide context through layers of embedded information Presence of hyperlinks, tags etc. Reveals multi-faceted cultural dimensions
Future Directions11 Consider expanding Activist Archivists (http://activist-archivists.org/wp/?page_id=574); Archive-It (http://www.archive-it.org/); collection scope and policies for archival materials to include Library of Congress(http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/education/courses/index.html) digital short documents Build collaborations with partner institutions Grow awareness of born-digital collections and practices