Marina Bay learning journey projectQuestion: Explain how Marina Bay serves as a model to the Principles of Governance to help Singapore sustain its growth in the 21st Century. By: Tan Hao Lei(35) 3S2
First Station: Fuhua tree and Marina City Gallery The tree was a gift of appreciation for Fuhua’s contribution toward the Youth Olympic Games. The gallery was created to tell the people about the history behind Marina Bay’s development from a piece of reclaimed land to the beautiful Garden City by the Bay. Other than learning about the history of the land, the gallery also showcases the most up-to-date plans, technological advances and events at Marina Bay. One can observe Marina Bay, before and after, on an interactive model of the city the illuminates landmarks and places of interest at the touch of a button. There is also an interactive timeline as well as an interactive information screen that has documented the course of Marina Bay’s reconstruction and the reasons behind them. Also included is the recordings of the urban planners and architects responsible for its creation.
Model of Marina Bay The model shows the overhead view of the Bay before and after its development. The white buildings represent the newest additions to the bay and the gray building the existing buildings at Marina Bay before its development. The white and gray buildings will illuminate at the touch of a button and additional information will be given through a screen beside the button.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance The compacting of workspaces, leisure areas and housing in a single building as shown in the gallery and the efficient use of limited land like the construction of shopping malls underground around subterranean MRT stations are examples of “Anticipating change, Staying relevant” as the government realised that land in Singapore was scarce and constructing high-rise buildings to circumvent this cannot continue for long. Therefore, instead of looking up, the government decided to make use of the largely unused land underground for places of leisure such as shopping malls which are connected to MRT station and above-ground shopping malls for easy access and effective use of land and the construction of tunnels for pipes for carrying sewage, clean water and cables for telecommunications uses. By using this method of saving space, there are three planes of space which can be made use of: Underground, Ground level and Above ground, thus increasing space that is available for use. Also, by allocating a designated area for piping, traffic need not be disrupted in order to maintain the pipes, so a lot of the hassle of repair work and the likelihood of traffic jams is reduced.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance(2) Also, as shown on the model of the Bay, tourist attractions are constructed in the city. This shows the principles “Anticipating change, Staying relevant” and “Leadership is key” Since Singapore relies on tourism and foreign investors for its sustained economic growth, the government has to constantly think of ways to attract them to the island. They had the foresight to construct tourist attractions like the Singapore Flyer and to allow F1 to take place here. These allowed Singapore to compete in the cutthroat business of tourism against other bigger countries and secure its position as a tourist hotspot, thus ensuring its continued prosperity. Hence, with the greater amount of tourists being encouraged to spend their money here, Singapore’s revenue will be increased and it will continue to enjoy economic growth and stability.
Second station: Marina Bay Sands It was constructed as a tourist attraction to encourage more tourists to visit Singapore and improve the tourism sector, hence generating more revenue for Singapore. It also featured Singapore’s first legal casino.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance The construction of the Marina Bay Sands resort is linked the principles, “Anticipating change, Staying relevant”, “Leadership is key”, and “ A stake for everyone, Opportunities for all” As mentioned before, the government decided to construct tourist attractions, in which this resort is a part of, in order to attract more tourists to Singapore and allow it to compete with other countries, which shows that the government has foresight and is willing to take risks such as the introduction of a legal casino in order to ensure Singapore’s continued good fortune. They also decide to go forward on this project despite objections from the people, which shows that they know how to make tough decisions and are not influenced by the people’s opinions if the decision is for the good of Singapore. However, the government also listened to the concerns of the people such as problem gambling and instituted countermeasures to these problem.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance(2) Such countermeasures include:2.The paying of a $100 levy for Singaporeans and PRs only,3.And the enabling of family members to ban a person from entering the casino. In the shopping district of the resort, one can find a multitude of shops, both local and global brands, like Gucci, Chanel, UOB and Robinsons. This shows the government’s ingenuity as by putting them side by side, the government is advertising local brands to tourists in order to increase their popularity. This will lead to the increase of Singaporean products’ reputation as first rate, which will lead to an increase in sales and thus an increase in Singapore’ economical growth.
Third station: Clifford pier Before Marina Bay’s development, it was a port for boats carrying immigrants and passengers who came to Singapore to start a new life. Presently, it is a entertainment and business hub, with hotels, clubs and skyscrapers at every corner.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance The development and subsequent modernisation of the pier are examples of the principle of governance, “Anticipating change, Staying relevant”. By converting this pier into a tourist hotspot cum business centre, the government has created more jobs for locals, in addition to attracting tourists and investors, which will lead to the increase in Singapore revenue and thus economic prosperity. This also allows Singapore to present itself as a first rate country and compete as a viable candidate for investing in, in addition to competing with other countries in terms of economic growth and stability.
Final Station: Eco-friendly structure The structure is a fan run entirely on solar energy. It stores a fraction of the energy collected in batteries in order to power itself in the absence of sunlight for a limited time.
How it relates to the Principles of Governance This is a perfect example of the principle, “ Anticipating change, Staying relevant. As natural resources like fossil fuels are finite and getting more expensive to procure, the government realised Singapore cannot continue to rely on such resources for the generation of electricity. Also, the burning of fossil fuels generate greenhouse gases, which contribute greatly to the overheating of the Earth through global warming and climate change. Therefore, the government sought to turn toward more eco-friendly, renewable resources such as solar power. The fan is one example of this. Also, other than energy conservation, the government also sought to conserve land through ways mentioned in the fourth slide.
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