Team 8 Part 2


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Team 8 Part 2

  1. 1. Jeffrey Salamone-Callahan<br />Wang Lucheng<br />Evan McHugh<br />James Dombrowski<br />Paul<br />Professor Materdey ENG 103<br />Part 2: Projects in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering<br />
  2. 2. Manufacturing Product<br />Manufacturing engineers almost act as a sort of middle man. Typically, they receive raw materials, manufacture them into usable products and then release them to consumers or contractors, etc. <br />
  3. 3. Objectives<br />A key part of the manufacturing process is the assembly line. The assembly line became widely popular during the Industrial Revolution and was made famous by Henry Ford’s automotive company.<br />The objectives of manufacturing engineers here would have been to design a process which would allow for mass production.<br />Manufacturing engineers design systems that can enable such processes as mass production, just-in-time production, or computer-engineered manufacturing if a process can best be run by computers.<br />In the case of Ford, the assembly line was produced which transformed the car from a relative rarity for the rich into an affordable means of transportation for the average person.<br />Overall, the main objective is to increase efficiency while lowering costs for manufacturers. <br />
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  5. 5. Man-Power and Results<br />In the case of the Ford assembly line, the time it took to assemble a Model T dropped from 12 ½ hours to 6 hours. <br />Less people are needed to assemble each car<br />Manufacturing engineers also work to develop just-in-time engineering capabilities for companies so that the in-process inventory can be reduced.<br />In the Ford example, the number of people and tools involved in the process is reduced by installing the assembly line, which allows for individuals to work at stations and perform one task over and over again. This also reduces training needs.<br />
  6. 6. Timelines<br />Timelines for manufacturing projects vary, but often times they can be set to a few months.<br />The need for a better manufacturing process became relevant to the Ford Company in late 1906. By March 1908 a design had been developed and by October it was in service.<br />Ford would have wanted to develop the process as soon as possible in order to take advantage of the marketing of the goods at hand, in this case, the Model T.<br />More modern example abound in the news. Manufacturing engineers will often be hired to fix a flaw in a manufacturing process in order to avoid a recall. Sometimes this can leave them with only a matter of months.<br />
  7. 7. Costs<br />Costs vary depending on the size of the project.<br />In the manufacturing industry, costs can run up into the millions. It also depend on the scale of the project.<br />However, manufacturing engineers are often employed to ensure that companies cost-save in the future by avoiding accidents, damages and inefficiency. <br />
  8. 8. Finished Results <br />Usually manufacturing engineers do not end with the implementation of a new process or system. <br />After Ford instituted the assembly line changes have been made to increase livability conditions, to lower materials and man-power and thus to lower costs and to continually upgrade the products being produced. Today, assembly lines are faster and less likely to leak and require less people to work it. Some require almost none.<br />Workers also can be paid with higher wages due too saved costs<br />Cars, as well as airplanes, clothes, petroleum products like plastic and the parts to many things (parts of wind turbines, parts of towers, parts to toys) are made much more readily available to the general public due to the work of manufacturing engineers<br />
  9. 9. The End<br />