Ethics Awareness Andrew L. Urich, J.D. Puterbaugh Professor of Ethics & Legal Studies Spears School of Business Oklahoma State University firstname.lastname@example.org www.andrewurich.com
Ethics Awareness I am NOT here to moralize. “Awareness” changes human behavior.
Who Am I to Discuss Ethics? I am a hypocrite. I play favorites. I interpret rules to my benefit. I have been known to ignore rules that get in my way. I hate to admit I’m wrong even in those rare situations when it looks like I might be. I am much more likely to believe things that benefit me. I like my ideas better just because they’re mine. When things go wrong, I look for someone to share the blame.
Who Am I to Discuss Ethics? Sometimes I think it’s fun to say “no” just because I have the power to do so. Here is how I make decisions: I decide what I want the answer to be – and then make up the logical reasons to support my decision. I tend to judge myself by my intentions rather than my actions. I tend to judge others by their actions rather than their intentions.
Key Points to Remember Human nature is not naturally ethical. Ethics is gray – not black and white. (In other words, you can’t just say you’re an ethical person – and that’s all there is to it) It is difficult to be ethical all of the time.
Ethical Lapses in the News Enron inflated earnings by $586 million — investors lost $60 billion Adelphia founder used corporate assets as collateral for $3.1 billion in personal loans — company bankrupt WorldCom overstated profits by $7.1 billion — 17,000 workers laid off Barings Bank’s Nick Leeson caused his employers collapse in 1995 after losing US$1.3 billion in unauthorized derivatives trading.
The Tyco PartyTyco CEO looted company of $600 million
Why am I here today?Because yourreputation is worth it! Please rememberEnron’s real problem!
Do Ethics Change With theTimes? The Thrifty V.P. Just following orders Ethics and young people Entrapment Does everyone have their price?
It’s Easier Not To Be Ethical Easier to do what’s convenient Easier to conform to norms Easier to do what’s profitable Easier to win if you cheat It is very difficult to overcome the challenges of human nature
It’s Easier Not To Be Ethical But It’s Worth the Trouble Ethics is the key to leadership and influence. “A lie can travel halfway around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes.” Mark Twain
Self-Delusion Rationalization: polite term for self-delusion “The greatest of all faults, I should say, is to be conscious of none.” --Thomas Carlyle (1795 – 1881) Scottish writer
The Secret to Happiness Self-delusion Hypocrisy Ignorance
The Secret to Happiness Ignorance is Bliss “People who do things badly are supremely confident in their abilities — more confident, in fact, than people who do things well. Not only do they reach erroneous conclusions and make unfortunate choices, but their incompetence robs them of the ability to realize it.” Dunning, David Journal of Personality and Social Psychology December 1999.
Guideline for Ethical Decision Making1. Is there an applicable law or organizational policy?2. Should I ask about this before acting?3. Have I taken time to think carefully before acting?4. Would I disclose my decision to my supervisor, CEO, mother, etc.? (What if everyone found out?)
Guideline for Ethical Decision Making5. Am I avoiding the appearance of impropriety?6. Am I defining the problem correctly?7. Am I rationalizing?8. Finally, when in doubt, do I know who to contact?
References Ailes, Roger. You Are the Message. New York. Doubleday, 1988. Bazerman, Max H. Smart Money Decisions, Wiley & Sons, 1999. Blanchard, Kenneth, et.al. The Power of Ethical Management. William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1988. Buckingham, Marcus, et.al. First, Break All The Rules. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999. Cialdini, Robert B. Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. Harper Collins, 2007. Cohen, Randy. The Good, The Bad, & The Difference. Broadway Books, 2002. Covey, Stephen R. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989. Covey, Stephen C.R. The Speed of Trust, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. Fisher, Roger and William Ury. Getting to Yes. New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1981. Koch, Charles G., The Science of Success, Wiley & Sons, 2007. Lakoff, George. Moral Politics: How Liberals and Conservatives Think . The University of Chicago Press, 2002. Lattal, Alice Darnell, et. al. Ethics at Work. Performance Management Publications, 2005. Lewicki, Roy J., et. al. Negotiation. 2nd Edition., Irwin, 1994. Lewicki, Roy J., et. al. Essential of Negotiation, 4th Ed. McGraw Hill, 2007. Maxwell, John C. There’s No Such Thing as “Business” Ethics . Warner Business Books, 2003. Nelsen, Jane, et. al. Positive Discipline, Three Rivers Press, 1998. Paul, Richard. Critical Thinking. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1993.