Chp3 managing speech anxiety

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O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

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Chp3 managing speech anxiety

  1. 1. Chapter Three Managing Speech Anxiety Professor Michelle Garcia Professor Valerie Gammon
  2. 2. Why are you anxious about speaking? <ul><li>Lack of experience </li></ul><ul><li>Past bad experience </li></ul><ul><li>Worry over appearance, faults, or being different from others </li></ul><ul><li>Being the center of attention </li></ul><ul><li>Not being prepared enough </li></ul>
  3. 3. Worried about your lack of experience? <ul><li>Prepare diligently. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice many times. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice in front of friends and family. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a tutor or instructor to proofread your outline before your speech day. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice your speaking skills by giving mini-speeches outside of class. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Worried about being different? <ul><li>Remember everyone is different. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress appropriately and be well groomed. </li></ul><ul><li>Think positively! You will make a good impression! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Feel uncomfortable being in front of the audience? <ul><li>The audience is looking at you, because they like you and want to listen to your speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Put your focus on the speech, and don’t think about yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Audiences don’t see anything you don’t reveal or bring to their attention. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Public Speaking Anxiety <ul><li>Contains four stages: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-preparation anxiety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation anxiety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-performance anxiety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performance anxiety </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Pre-preparation Anxiety <ul><li>May cause some students to procrastinate on beginning the speech writing process </li></ul><ul><li>May act as interference during the listening process by blocking the reception of vital information about the speaking assignment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Create a plan of action <ul><li>Pre-preparation anxiety can be calmed by reviewing speech assignment instructions and creating a plan of action </li></ul>Create a plan of action now: Step 1: Record your speech due date in your calendar. Step 2: Count the days and divide up the speechmaking steps to fit the days available. Step 3: Set aside a specific time period each day to work on your speech. Step 4: Focus on completing each small task as it comes.
  9. 9. Preparation Anxiety <ul><li>May cause overwhelming feelings about the amount of time and effort required to write and plan a speech </li></ul><ul><li>May be caused by difficulty in locating materials or information needed for speech </li></ul><ul><li>Can be averted by working on your speech a short session each day rather than several hours on the same day </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pre-performance & Performance Anxiety <ul><li>Plan time to practice! </li></ul><ul><li>Practice many times! </li></ul><ul><li>When anxiety occurs while practicing, force yourself to practice again! </li></ul><ul><li>No matter how much you practice, you will probably experience some anxiety just before or just as you begin your speech. </li></ul><ul><li>If you’ll just keep going, the anxiety will subside. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook , Bedford St. Martin (2009) </li></ul>

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